An outlaw isn't any mere criminal, but rather a criminal who has been sentenced to be "outside of the protection of the law". He has no right to trial, and can be killed or persecuted by anybody. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Out…
6 years after resigning, Nixon testified on behalf of former FBI assistant director Mark Felt at Felt's own trial, and gave money to Felt's defense fund. In 2005 Felt revealed he had been "Deep Throat", Bob Woodward's source while breaking the Watergate scandal that led to Nixon's resignation. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mar…
Today I learned of Hans Munch - the good man of Auschwitz - the only doctor who refused to participate in the selection process. He created elaborate, safe, experiments to keep his subjects from being exterminated. He is the only person to be acquitted at the Auschwitz Trials. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han…
In 1945 the Soviet Union invited top leaders of the Polish government in exile to Moscow under a promise of safe conduct to participate in talks on the post war government. Upon their arrival, they were instead arrested, tortured, and convicted in subsequent show trials as German collaborators en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tri…
In 1590 there was a Hungarian noblewoman named Elizabeth BΓ‘thory, aka Countess Dracula. She has the Guinness World Records as the most prolific female murderer of all time. The highest number of victims cited during her trial was 650, most of them servant girls aged 10 to 14 years en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eli…
US you do not actually have the right to a trial by jury unless the sentence is greater than 6 months nolo.com/legal-encycloped…
There were two witchcraft trials in Plymouth Colony 50 years before the Salem Trials. Unlike the later, more infamous trials, the accused were found Not Guilty and their accusers were fined for giving false statements mayflowerhistory.com/crim…
The first large scale human trial for the birth control pill was conducted on Puerto Rican women in the 1950s. These women were unknowingly participating in the clinical trial and deaths of participants were not investigated. pbs.org/wgbh/americanexpe…
Today I learned about John Deydras, a man who claimed to be the true son of Edward I. After being put on trial, Deydras accused of being misled by his devil-possessed cat. Both he and his cat were subsequently hanged. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joh…
Today I learned about Ben Ferencz (100), the last living prosecutor from the Nuremberg Trials. After WW2 where he fought at D-Day and in other battles, he at age 27 became Chief Prosecutor at the Einsatzgruppen Trial - which was his first case and first time in a courtroom. All of the 22 accused were convicted. youtube.com/watch?v=NZHTt…
A NYC man was exonerated and released, after being held in jail for transporting child pornography, when pornstar Lupe Fuentes flew from spain to appear at his trial with her ID and passport proving her age. nypost.com/2010/04/24/a-t…
There are many countries that still have charges, trials and sentencing for witchcraft. theatlantic.com/internati…
A jury of 12 black and 12 white men was recruited by United States Circuit Court in preparation for the trial of Jefferson Davis the president of the Confederation. In the end no trials took place, one reason being that if lost the decision could validate that secession was constitutional. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jef…
The British soldiers responsible for the Boston Massacre were defended by future U.S. President John Adams. At the risk of his own reputation, and even though he disliked the British, he took the case, as he believed in the right to a fair defense and trial. history.com/topics/americ…
Lucy Lawless is fascinated by the criminal justice system, and goes to court on her days off to sit in the witness gallery and observe trials in progress. huffingtonpost.ca/entry/w…
Doctors found an experimental way to inject oxygen straight into the bloodstream and human trials were planned. popularmechanics.com/scie…
Pope Steven VI had Pope Formosus dug from the grave, placed in papal robes, put on trial, convicted of perjury, then cut off three of the corpse's fingers and thrown in the Tiber river. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cad…
Today I learned of Hans Litten, a German lawyer that represented Nazi opposition during various trials. In 1931, he subpoenaed and cross-examined Hitler for hours. His bravery eventually resulted in his detainment and torture in various concentration camps, leading to his death by suicide. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han…
Saskatchewan (Canada) regularly holds criminal trials in their local indigenous Cree language, with Cree-speaking judges, prosecutors, and lawyers sasklawcourts.ca/index.ph…
Pope Clement VII personally approved Nicolaus Copernicus’s theory that the Earth revolves around the Sun in 1533, 99 years before Galileo Galilei’s heresy trial for similar ideas. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pop…
A plotter against Hitler survived the war because the Nazi judge in his show trial was crushed by a column, still clutching the man's files, when the courtroom was bombed in an air raid led by a Jewish-American pilot en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fab…
Johannes Kepler, an accomplished scientist, had written a science fiction novel The Dream. As a result, his mother had to face trial for practicing witchcraft. He tried to scientifically disprove 49 points of disgrace held up against his mother. She was arrested, 5 years into the ordeal. brainpickings.org/2019/12…
I learned of Rodney Alcala, a serial killer who appeared on the TV show "The Dating Game", after he had already killed numerous people. He was said to have an IQ of 160, and interrogated himself on the witness stand during his trial, in Smeagol/Gollum fashion, switching voices and demeanor. youtu.be/XQ4d2nORMHQ
In the U.S. (unlike other countries), the placebo effect is so strong that new painkillers have trouble beating it in clinical trials. nature.com/news/strong-pl…
Today I learned of Thomas de Mahy, an aristocrat who was sentenced to be hanged during the French Revolution after a two-month trial. Upon the reading of his death warrant, he remarked, "I see that you have made three spelling mistakes." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
In 2012, 2410 years after the original trial, a mock trial of Socrates was held by a panel consisting of 10 international judges deciding under the ancient Athenian law. Final vote was split 5-5 and he was narrowly acquitted. Audience members watching the mock trial also voted 584-282 to acquit. youtu.be/FPN7EVtvAto
Today I learned about Manuel Herrick, the first (and only) man elected to the US Congress after: 1) being raised to believe that he is the Second coming of Jesus Christ; and 2) being arrested for robbing a train, being declared insane at the resulting trial, and being sent to a mental asylum. okhistory.org/publication…
Today I learned about the "Great Cat Massacre" In 17th century Paris a group of apprentices, angered that they were treated worse than cats, imitated the felines screeching all night. The master ordered the noisy cats killed. The apprentices held a trial, convicted the cats of witchcraft, and hung them. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The…
[] that the soldiers who guarded the Nuremberg War Trials were former Waffen SS en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lat…
A Kansas man asked an Iowa judge to let him engage in a sword fight with his ex-wife and her attorney in a trial by combat in order to settle their ongoing legal dispute. independent.co.uk/news/wo…
It’s a myth that burning witches alive was a common practice. The myth that is generally accepted for the Salem witch trials originated with the European witch trials where a witch was hung/beheaded then burned to prevent postmortem sorcery. history.com/news/were-wit…
Nazi war criminals were given psychological and IQ tests at the Nuremberg trials. All had above average intelligence, many had superior or very superior intelligence. Hermann Goring had an IQ of 138. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nur…
In early medieval Europe there were no witch trials. Christian churches taught that magic was not real and belief in its existence was superstition and heresy. Only in the early Renaissance did belief in witchcraft’s actual existence spread widely in Europe, and witch trials began. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chr…
The British government admits to undertaking aerial release trials against it's own people, in an attempt to understand the spread of possible biological attacks gov.uk/government/news/th…
Viagra was originally meant to be for people with heart conditions. During early clinical trials of sildenafil, now better known by its trade name Viagra, male volunteers taking the pills consistently reported unprovoked, long-lasting erections. theguardian.com/lifeandst…
The diagnostic criteria for sexual disorders were tested on only three patients before being added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, in 1980. No field trials were ever conducted. newyorker.com/magazine/20…
In an effort to keep birds of prey away from airports, French scientists discovered that raptors were repelled by an LED screen featuring a "googly eyes" image that appears to enlarge. Screens at an airport with over 8,000 bird sightings successfully reduced raptor visits during a 5 week trial. gizmodo.com/this-hilariou…
The trial for the Who Wants To Be A Millionaire cheating scandal (where the winner was accused of hearing answers from a series of coughs) had to be suspended due to a cough outbreak in the courtroom independent.co.uk/news/uk…
One of the charges against Marie Antoinette included incestuous relations with her son Louis-Charles, who was forced to testify that his mother had molested him. After a two-day show trial, an all-male jury found the former queen guilty on all charges and unanimously condemned her to death. history.com/news/10-thing…
Scientists discovered the specific molecule in bees' royal jelly (which worker bees feed to larvae) that aids wound healing, called "defensin-1". Compared to a control, a royal jelly trial & a pure defensin-1 promoted healing of wounds on rats. nature.com/articles/s4159…
Teddy Roosevelt traveled over 300 miles to arrest three boat thieves in the Dakota territory, forcing them to march back for trial instead of hanging them. He even recreated the capture for a photo before turning them in truewestmagazine.com/trac…
Today I learned of Martin Guerre, a French peasant in the 16th century, who was at the center of a famous case of imposture. Several years after he had left, a man claiming to be him appeared. He lived with his wife and son for three years, until he was suspected and tried. Guerre appeared during the trial. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mar…
Michael Moore made a late talk show pilot for Fox in the 90s, which guest Kevin Smith. He also had O.J. Simpson as a guest, his first interview after the trial and the audience booed both Moore and OJ. Fox scrapped the project and never aired the pilot, and the footage was never publicly shown. indiewire.com/2016/08/mic…
Today I learned of Wenceslao Moguel, AKA El Fusilado. He was sentenced to death without a trial, and was shot 8–9 times by a firing squad in the body, and the "coup de grΓ’ce", or one final shot to the head point-blank range to ensure death. Yet he survived the incident, and Chumbawumba wrote a song about it. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wen…
Today I learned of a drug called TGN1412 that went through phase 1 clinical trials. Six men were given the drug and suffered catastrophic effects. Fever, severe pain, vomiting, multiple organ failures, swollen heads and limbs needing to be amputated. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The…
Today I learned of the "subliminal message trial". The band Judas Priest were involved in a civil action that alleged they were responsible for the 1985 suicides of two young men en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bet…
In Germany in 2001, Armin Meiwes (AKA The Master Butcher) and his volunteer murder victim jointly attempted to eat the victim's severed penis. He then killed and ate a large amount of the volunteer’s flesh. His first trial sentence was only 8 yrs 6 mo (later increased to life). en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arm…
At the Maxi Trial, the largest ever trial against the Sicilian Mafia, there was a specially constructed bunker to house the proceedings that was strong enough to resist a missile attack, just to protect against Mafia interference. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max…
In 1946 there were Waffen SS soldiers that guarded Nuremberg Trials en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20t…
Today I learned about Richard Jewel, who found a bomb and evacuated the area, saving many lives. He was investigated and despite never being charged, he underwent a "trial by media" with great toll on his life. Jewel's case is an example of the damage that can be done by media based on bias. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ric…
During the trial that would lead his execution, Socrates chose death over dishonor by insulting the jury in the greatest way possible. When asked what his punishment should be, he said he deserves praise and that the city should throw him a large banquet in the olympic champions dining hall worldfuturefund.org/Repor…
Germany started using jury trials the Middle Ages, but a constitutional crisis in 1924 led to an emergency decree abolishing juries and replacing them with the mixed system of judges and lay judges that is still used today. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jud…
A reverend of the Freedom Church of Revelation asked the Vice Chancellor of Delaware for permission to settle a lawsuit with a "trial by combat to death." The Vice Chancellor rejected this request. This happened in 1983. blogs.lawlib.widener.edu/…
In a 1940 comics issue of "Look", Superman zooms off to Germany, where he picks up Hitler by the scruff of his neck. Superman repeats the process in Moscow with Stalin. He takes the two dictators to Geneva, Switzerland, where he delivers them to the League of Nations’ World Court for trial sequart.org/magazine/2369…
During the Trial of Joan of Arc, the prosecution, headed by Pierre Cauchon, sent an agent to France to collect dirt on her life in her home village. Cauchon was enraged when the agent "had found nothing concerning Joan that he would not have liked to find about his own sister". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tri…
Today I learned of the Staten Island Quarantine War, which began in 1800 the City of New York began quarantining patients on nearby Staten Island. Locals resisted for years, ultimately burning down the facility. At trial the leaders of the attack successfully argued that they had destroyed it in self-defense. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sta…
In 1977 Tony Kiritsis held Richard Hall hostage for 63 hours before surrendering, Kiritsis was found not guilty by reason of insanity. At the time of the trial, Indiana law required the prosecution to prove the defendant sane, the law has subsequently changed so defense has to prove insanity. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ton…
People accused of witchcraft who underwent trial by water actually had ropes to pull them out if they sank. The notion that the ordeal was devised as a situation without any possibility of live acquittal, even if the outcome was 'innocent', is a modern exaggeration. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tri…
In 1649 King Charles I was tried for treason and other high crimes. The King responded in his trial "the King can do no wrong" and therefore couldn't be tried or convicted. Ten days later he was beheaded. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hig…
:"Eulogy for a Dog" by lawyer George Vest, a powerful tribute to all dogs, helped win judgement in Burden v.Hornsby. This was the 4th trial on the shooting of Burden's dog, Old Drum.Vest had declared he would 'win the case or apologize to every dog in Missouri'.The Missouri Supreme Court upheld. sos.mo.gov/archives/educa…
Hans van Meegeren is a master forger known as a national hero in the Netherlands for selling his fake art to Nazis during WW2. After the war, people believed the paintings were real, and he was charged as a collaborator. To prove his innocence, he painted a new forgery at his trial. It worked. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han…
In the 1960s, a woman found the head of an axe, a gashed skull, and macabre sketches of murder victims in an iron tub in her attic. It turned out to be the evidence from the Lizzie Borden murder trial- her father had been Lizzie’s lawyer, and she’d given him the evidence after her acquittal. youtube.com/watch?v=TwXAI…
Cotton Mather, one of the puritans behind the Salem Witch Trials, was also a scientist who promoted inoculation during the smallpox outbreak, even receiving a London prize for his work americanheritage.com/when…
The great philosopher Socrates was put on trial and executed for criticizing the system of democracy. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soc…
In 2002 a UK man asked the court if he could settle his minor dirivng fine with a 'trial by combat', the court declined this request. telegraph.co.uk/news/ukne…
In 1508 a French town tried to convict the local rats of destroying their crops, a lawyer successfully defended them by first arguing that court summons must be given to each individual rat and then arguing that it was too dangerous for them to come to the trial due to the cats in the town duhaime.org/LawMuseum/Law…
When Ted Bundy was put on trial, women would send him fan mail, many of which included nude pictures or marriage proposals. Groupies would even show up to the courtroom wearing hoop earrings with their hair parted down the middle, on the assumption that this style matched his victims. refinery29.com/en-us/what…
The 20 people accused of witchcraft and executed during the Salem witch trials in 1692 and 1693 were all found innocent in 2001. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sal…
A slave rebellion broke out on slaveship La Amistad in 1839, resulting in two deaths. The slaves were captured and stood trial. It was ruled that they acted as free men, and were entitled to take any measures necessary to ensure freedom, including force. They were all returned to Africa. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uni…
Roman Rudenko, the Chief Prosecutor of the USSR in the Nuremberg Trials of Nazi war criminals, ran an NKVD concentration camp in Soviet occupied Germany where 12,500 people, mostly women, children and adolescents were murdered. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NKV…
The 2015 Waco biker shootout, which left 9 dead and led to the arrest of 177 bikers on RICO and murder charges each with $1 million bail, resulted in zero convictions after only one trial and all other charges were dropped. houstonchronicle.com/news…
When Richard Lawrence stood trial for trying to assassinate US Pres. Andrew Jackson, the prosecutor was Francis Scott Key (author of the Star-Spangled Banner) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ric…
An Indian tribe man was kept in prison for 54 years without facing any trial. Him not knowing any common language prevented him from communicating with the authorities. He was released in 2005, died in 2007 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mac…
It wasn't until the 1993 NIH Revitalization Act was implemented that the National Institutes of Health required that women be included as study participants in NIH-funded studies. Prior to that, the prevailing tradition was not to include women in clinical trials or analyze data by sex or gender medicine.yale.edu/news/ya…
The term "kangaroo court" comes from travelling judges "hopping from place to place, guided less by concern for justice than by the desire to wrap up as many trials as the day allowed." encyclopedia.com/social-s…
The creators of Spam sued Jim Henson Productions for using the name "Spa'am" for one of Muppet Treasure Island's pig characters. The judge dismissed the suit after trial for failure to prove damages, noting, "one might think Hormel would welcome the association with a genuine source of pork." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mup…
Telford Taylor, chief prosecutor in many of the Nuremberg Trials, also wished to prosecute American pilots who had bombed North Vietnam, believing they were also guilty of war crimes. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel…
Queen Elizabeth II still has a 'Champion' for purposes of trial by combat and it's Francis John Fane Marmion Dymoke, a 65-year-old chartered accountant. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Que…
Today I learned about Nikola Petkov, a Bulgarian revolutionary who helped establish Bulgaria as a republic, only to be executed by its government after a show trial when he tried to preserve democracy en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nik…
They dug up a pope and put him on trial. Pope Formosus was found guilty, they cut off 3 fingers and threw them in the Tiber. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cad…
Today I learned of Angus Barbieri who fasted for 382 days simply because he wanted to lose weight. He initially did it for 30 days as a trial and just kept going because β€œhe adapted so well” en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ang…
Viagra was discovered accidentally. During clinical trials of sildenafil-now Viagra, for angina, male volunteers reported getting long lasting erections from the pills they were being given. theguardian.com/lifeandst…
When the very famous mime Jean-Gaspard Duburau (creator of the modern Pierrot) was accused of murder in 1836, hundreds of Parisians came to the courthouse. Not for the trial itself but just to finally hear the voice of the mime. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jea…
Today I learned of Carl, a 5-year-old deaf boxer who is unbothered by court noises and accompanies kids during depositions and trials. He offers a sense of protection for children while they face their abusers in court. people.com/pets/deaf-ther…
Europe has a long history of putting animals - from dogs to grasshoppers - on trial and even executing them for crimes, including a pig famously hanged in 14th century France for eating a child's face independent.co.uk/voices/…
The first allowed use of 3D computer animation in court was for the murder trial of Jim Mitchell, accused of shooting his brother Artie. Both were famous in San Francisco for pornography and strip clubs. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mit…
Today I learned of Benjamin Ferencz. A Transylvanian-born 99 year old lawyer who was chief prosecutor in the Einzatzgruppen trial in Nuremberg. In 2016 he donated $1m to the Washington Holocaust Museum. Not only does he still continue to work to this day, but he does 125 push ups every morning castbox.fm/vb/88935339
In the aftermath of the Lockerbie bombing, part of The Netherlands was declared Scottish to facilitate the trial of the accused Libyans. nytimes.com/2000/08/01/wo…
, in the Scopes Trial regarding the teaching of evolution in schools, the TN supreme court threw out the conviction not because they believed the statute was illegal, but on a technicality because the original judge had determined the fine, and not the jury en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sco…
Harvard did a clincal trial to see if prayer can heal people ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1…
MDMA (aka ecstasy) can help alleviate PTSD, even after taking it just once or twice. In a 2018 study, 100% of participants showed reduced symptoms of PTSD one year after the trial. 67% lost their PTSD diagnosis altogether. edition.cnn.com/2018/05/0…
Today I learned of the Newport Sex Scandal in 1919, when male navy recruits investigating homosexuality in Rhode Island had sex with men, and then testified against them in trials against sodomy en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New…
One of the largest and most publicized murder trials in Australia was for a group of serial killers who hid the bodies in plastic barrels located in a disused bank vault. The notoriety lead to a short term economic boost in Snowtown. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sno…
The Portia Hypothesis is a scientific theory that claims that women with masculine sounding names, do better in male dominated fields such as law and engineering, than women with feminine names. It is named after a female Shakespeare character who dresses up as a male lawyer and wins a trial. theatlantic.com/business/…
The plaintiff in the famous β€œhot coffee case” offered to settle the case for $20,000 before trial, which McDonald’s refused. segarlaw.com/blog/myths-a…
During his trial after WW2, italian fascist Julius Evola denied being a fascist and instead referred to himself as a "superfascist". He was acquitted. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jul…
The Cadaver Synod was the posthumous trial of Pope Formosus. His corpse was dug up and found guilty, and his papacy voided. His corpse was then thrown in the River Tiber, but became a source of miracles. His trial was then overturned and he was reburied, but a later pope upheld the conviction. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cad…
Boise State University has a dog, a 9-year old field trial lab, named Cowboy Kohl, who at football games retrieves the tee after all kicks. youtu.be/CfQZmjt8Wws
Today I learned about the trials for Rocket Mail. Since 1810 inventors have tried to deliver mail via artillery, and later rockets. In 1959 the US navy fired a cruise missile filled with mail from a submarine to a Naval base in Florida. Despite enthousiasm by the Postmaster General it was a one time thing. smithsonianmag.com/smart-…
Today I learned about the Special Powers Act that was passed in 1922 to "keep peace and order in Northern Ireland". It enabled police to search without a warrant, arrest and imprison people without charge or trial and ban any assemblies, parades, or publications. It wasn't repealed until 1973. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civ…

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