People keep finding meticulously crafted hollow dodecahedrons throughout Europe dating back to the Roman Empire but historians have no idea what they're supposed to be used for as there's no historical record of them anywhere. Theories range from dice to knitting. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rom…
Today I learned about the One-electron Universe Theory, which states that the reason because all of the electrons have the same charge and mass is because they are just the same electron travelling through space and time en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One…
β€œOvermorrow” is the English word for β€œthe day after tomorrow”. The common theory is that it sounded too ancient, even for 16th-century Middle English, and fell out of use. wordsense.eu/overmorrow/
Today I learned about Einstein's "Year of Miracles". In one year he published 3 papers that changed modern physics. The first about the particle theory of light (won him his Nobel Prize), the second led to people accepting the existence of atoms, and the third introduced special relativity (E=mc^2). He was 26. npr.org/2005/03/17/453832…
Today I learned of William Cantelo, a British inventor born in 1839 who mysteriously disappeared in the 1880s. His sons developed a theory that he had re-emerged under the name "Hiram Maxim", the inventor of the famous Maxim gun. This was due to a striking resemblance and similar occupation. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wil…
There is a conspiracy theory that Finland, an actual European country, doesn't exist. It is a hoax created by the Japanese and Russians, ensuring Japan can freely fish there as long as they share profits with Russia vice.com/en/article/xyd48…
Radioactive Spark Plugs were sold in the 1940s under the theory the radiation made the engine run better. orau.org/ptp/collection/c…
Today I learned of an experimental treatment for tinnitus: bimodal neuromodulation, electrical stimulation of the tongue paired with sounds. Pairing zaps with sounds seems to rewire brain circuits connected with tinnitus. The theory is to make an auditory system more hyperactive to everything but the tinnitus. spectrum.ieee.org/the-hum…
The Toba catastrophe theory that states human population was bottle-necked about 70K years ago due to a super massive volcanic eruption. Humanity may have dwindled to less than 10K individuals and many other animal species were similarly affected. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tob…
Big Bang Theory character Leonard Hofstadter was named after Robert Hofstadter; an American physicist who jointly won a Nobel Prize in Physics. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rob…
The Ancient Greek physician Hippocrates based all of his theories on superficial observations like texture, colors, and symptoms. Human dissection was considered taboo in Ancient Greece until Alexandrian physicians began dissecting cadavers in the third century B.C. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
The Pied Piper of Hamelin isn't just a fairytale myth, and there are various theories suggesting some of the story is true - in particular, the children leaving the town is the original story and the rats are a later addition en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pie…
Today I learned of Sir David Brailsford, a British cycling coach who theorizes if you make a 1% improvement in a host of tiny areas, the cumulative benefits will be extraordinary. Utilizing this theory of "marginal gains"; his teams have won 18 gold medals, six Tour de France titles, and 59 World Championships. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dav…
There is insufficient scientific evidence to support the popular metabolic window theory, being that for about half an hour after a workout the intake of protein & carbs aids the increase of muscle mass. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Met…
Peter kolosimo was a italian communist journalist and writer who popularized ancient astronaut theories in italy. He is considered one of the founders of pseudoarchaeology. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pet…
Darwinian theory has no explanation for why a species with mating rituals does not completely lose all male genetic variants since females are only attracted to certain specific male characteristics. This is known as the Lek paradox. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lek…
Today I learned about a popular number theory (Goldbach’s Conjecture) that states every even number above 2 is the sum of two primes. It remains unproven, and every number below 4 quintillion has been checked en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gol…
The body of water which the Israelites crossed in the Bible (Torah), traditionally understood as the Red Sea, was, as the literal translation, the Reeds Sea (Yam Suph), with several theories as to where this was - probably a lake, close to the (now) Suez Canal. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yam…
The prevailing theory behind why humans like music is that we learn patterns and regularities within music, and we unconsciously predict what will come next. When we are right, our brain gives us a dopamine rush. Thus the constant dance between expectation and outcome is pleasurable to us bbc.com/future/article/20…
John von Newmann was a child prodigy who could divide eight-digit numbers in his head by age six and learned calculus by age eight. He developed the computer architecture that virtually all computing devices use today. He became a US strategic adviser and his game theory led to the MAD doctrine. content.time.com/time/mag…
Thanks to an erroneous description of a US Customs flag in Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter", since the 1870s there's been a popular conspiracy theory that the USA has an official alternative flag, the "Civil Flag", with vertical stripes. crwflags.com/fotw/flags/u…
"Stars and Bars" was the term used for the first generation of Confederate flags that were very similar in design and theory to the various iterations of the American Flag. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fla…
The phrase "survival of the fittest" from Darwin's evolutionary theory, wasn't coined by Charles Darwin himself, but by Herbert Spencer instead. smithsonianmag.com/scienc…
The exact purpose of sleep has not been fully elucidated. There are several theories such as Inactivity, Energy conservation, Restoration, & Brain plasticity theory that attempt to identify a purpose for why we sleep. They serve to frame the concept that we do not fully understand sleep yet. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NB…
Darwin was better known for most of his life for his theory of coral atoll formation than he was for his theory of natural selection everything-everywhere.com…
Christoph Scheiner was Galileo's rival over theories on the Sun. Scheiner thought that sunspots were small planets closely orbiting the Sun, which Galileo refuted. Unlike Galileo, Scheiner studied the Sun for more than 15 years and "designed specialized solar observing instruments" www2.hao.ucar.edu/Educati…
We can model our social interactions with game theory and a forgiving tit-for-tat strategy is the most successful in the long run ncase.me/trust/
Predatory dragonflies the size of modern seagulls were present on the earth about 300 million years ago. The leading theory suggests that their large size was due to high oxygen concentrations (over 30% unlike the 21% today) in the atmosphere. news.ucsc.edu/2012/06/gia…
Christopher Havens, a convicted murderer solves ancient math problem in prison. Taught himself higher math and solved the age-old math puzzle of number theory involving so-called continued fractions over which Euclid has already racked his brains. He then published the journal in January 2020. dw.com/en/murderer-solves…
Carrie Fisher and James Earl Jones had never personally met until in 2014 when they both appeared in an episode of The Big Bang Theory. cinemablend.com/new/Star-…
Thomas Young proved that light is a wave, described elasticity, capillary action, explained how our eyes focus and see color, compared the grammar and vocabulary of 400 languages, deciphered hieroglyphs and contributed to music theory. He is called "The Last Man Who Knew Everything". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
Charles Darwin, who's work greatly contributed to the Theory of Evolution, was at one point in his life training to become an Anglican Minister. For a time, he "did not then in the least doubt the strict and literal truth of every word of the Bible." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cha…
When celebrating its 800th anniversary Bielefeld alluded to the "Bielefeld conspiracy", a parody conspiracy theory stating that the city doesn't exist, by using the slogan "Das gibt's doch gar nicht" ("This can't be real"). en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bie…
During the Cold War, the USA tried to intimidate the Soviet Bloc by convincing them that then president Richard Nixon was an unstable lunatic who was likely to lash out for no rational reason, based on the dubious "madman theory" of foreign policy en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mad…
Glenn Miller (of the Glenn Miller orchestra) disappeared in 1944 while flying to Paris during WWII spurring conspiracy theories including he was assassinated on the way to broker a secret peace deal with Germany and that he died of a heart attack in a Parisian brothel. Investigated in 2019. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gle…
The Theory of Relativity was an attempt to explain Mach's principle, the fact that centrifugal force cannot be explained by any existing theory. Einstein failed to explain it, and remains the only known violation of relativity. americanscientist.org/art…
Famous mathematician Γ‰variste Galois, who revolutionized group theory in his teens and got a whole mathematical field named after himself, died of the wounds suffered from a duel over a woman. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3…
Today I learned of the Genetic Bottleneck Theory. Around 75,000 years ago, a supereruption occurred at Lake Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia. This resulted in the early human population to drop to 3k-10k unique genetic individuals. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tob…
Supercavitation is the use of a cavitation bubble to reduce skin friction drag on a submerged object, and enable higher speeds. Applications include torpedoes and propellers, but in theory, the technique can speed up an entire underwater vessel. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sup…
Armadillos didn't carry leprosy until the 20th century. Apparently they caught the disease in the USA in between the 40s and 60s. How they caught it is unclear, but the one theory is they caught it from contaminated soil in the southern USA. news.yahoo.com/humans-gav…
An academic paper advanced the theory that Van Gogh's painting CafΓ© Terrace at Night was intended to be a uniquely innovated Last Supper, in reference to his lifelong devotion to and imitation of Jesus Christ. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caf…
The Mozart Effect is a theory that listening to Mozart boosts IQ scores. There is little to no evidence to support this theory. A meta-analysis found that listening to Mozart had no effect on general intelligence. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moz…
In 1962 an experiment, based on simple scintillation apparatus, quantitatively demonstrated the "twin paradox" predicted by the Special Theory of Relativity youtu.be/tbsdrHlLfVQ?t=24
Today I learned of Lawrence Morley, a Canadian Geophysicist who proposed the theory of magnetic imprinting, (key to explaining continental drift and plate tectonics). science.ca/scientists/sci…
The male β™‚ and female ♀ gender symbols were once thought by historians to represent the shield and spear of Mars, and Venus's hand mirror, respectively, but this theory is now almost unanimously rejected by historians. They are simply contractions of the ancient Greek words for those gods. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gen…
Plato believed in extramission theory which stated that human vision was achieved by eye beams projected from the eyes. These beams were reputedly the source of power of the basilisk, whose gaze was lethal. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye…
Sea Star Wasting Syndrome caused a huge die off in sea star populations along both US coasts (starting) in 2013. Initial studies suggested SSaDV to be responsible, but 2018-2020 studies indicated otherwise. Current theories include microrganisms living in sea star tissue and low oxygen levels en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea…
According to the extreme male brain theory of autism, autism is significantly more diagnosed in males than females because it is caused by an exaggeration of features associated with male brains en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emp…
The term "butterfly effect" in chaos theory *might* have its origins in a 1952 Ray Bradbury short story. In it, a time-traveler travels back 66 million years where he accidentally crushes a butterfly, resulting in an altered timeline observed upon his return. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/But…

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