Today I learned about Alexander Litvinenko, a former Russian spy that solved his own murder case. He was poisoned with a cup of tea in a London hotel. Working with Scotland Yard detectives, as he lay dying, he traced the lethal substance to a former comrade in the Russian secret serviceโ€ฆ
Danny Trejo got his first acting job when visiting a patient he was doing substance abuse counseling for on the set of "Runaway Train". He was offered a job as an extra in the film's prison scenes.โ€ฆ
Archaeologists discovered a 1,000-year-old ritual bundle that had traces of at least 5 psychoactive compounds including the ingredients for ayahuasca: cocaine, benzoylecgonine, harmine, bufotenine, dimethyltryptamine (DMT), as well as wood tablets to grind substances and a wooden snuffing tube.โ€ฆ
Caffeine in coffee beans is thought to serve as a toxic substance protecting the seeds of the plant, a form of plant defense, against herbivores. Its production has evolved independently to caffeine found in cacao and tea.โ€ฆ
Today I learned of Joy Milne, a โ€œsuper-smellerโ€ who found she could smell a unique odor on people with Parkinson's disease years before the onset of symptoms. Scientists then isolated biomarkers in sebum (oily substance from face/back) of Parkinsonโ€™s patients, paving the way to earlier detection/treatment.โ€ฆ
Sea turtles basically cry salt (without the emotion). The sea turtles' tear gland evolved into a "salt gland" so that it could expel salt from its body, which is very important for reptilian sea creatures. The substance released is salty brine.โ€ฆ
Despite being a popular trope in crime fiction, it's basically impossible to quickly incapacitate someone with a chloroform-soaked rag. It generally takes about 5 minutes of inhaling the substance to render someone unconsciousโ€ฆ
Research is being done on psychedelics to alleviate cluster headache symptoms. Cluster headaches are an extremely debilitating and painful neurovascular disorder that many are unable to find relief for. By isolating parts of the substance, they can also remove the hallucinogenic effects.โ€ฆ
The hottest known substance in the universe is actually created on Earth at the Large Hadron Collider. When gold particles are smashed together, for a split second temperatures can reach up to 7.2 trillion degrees Fahrenheit, which is hotter than a supernova.โ€ฆ
Today I learned about tetramethyl orthosilicate, a substance that reacts with water to create silica and methanol. It's vapor can blind you and give you respiratory problems by creating silica crystals in your eyes and lungs.โ€ฆ
Hedgehogs will rub a saliva-substance mixture (such as feces) on themselves in a process called Self Anointing. It's commonly thought this is to either absorb toxins for immunity or to deter predators through scent camouflage.โ€ฆ
In his final interview guitarist Tommy Bolin said "I've been taking care of myself my whole life. Don't worry about me. I'm going to be around for a long time.". A few hours later he died from an overdose of heroin and other substances, including alcohol, cocaine and barbiturates.โ€ฆ
During Prohibition the residents of NY and New Jersey were warned about "poison booze" streaming across the border from Canada. Any potential drinkers were warned that 90% of Canadian whiskey were made from cheap grain alcohol, water and coloring substances. Illnesses and deaths ensued.โ€ฆ
Today I learned about 'star jelly' or 'star snot,' a gelatinous substance sometimes found on grass or even on branches of trees. According to folklore, it is deposited on the Earth during meteor showers. Nobody is quite sure what it actually is.โ€ฆ
Placebo (substance with no therapeutic value) is used not only in pharmacy to test drugs, but also in surgery to test the effect of intervention.It's called sham surgery, when surgical intervention omits the step thought to be therapeutically necessary. There was 53 sham surgery cases.โ€ฆ
In the early days of penicillin, it was common to collect urine from patients who had consumed the drug, in order to isolate the substance for reuse, as the drug was scarce and highly valued.โ€ฆ
In 2016, a 14-year-old male masturbated with an entire 60-gram tube of BENGAYยฎ and got salicylate poisoning as the product contains methylsalicylate (which is broken down to salicylic acid in the body) and scrotal skin can absorb certain substances up to 40 times better than other skin regionsโ€ฆ
Today I learned of La Mancha Negra (The Black Stain), a mysterious black substance that has oozed from roads in Caracas, Venezuela. It has caused multiple car accidents and claimed many lives.โ€ฆ
The beak like mask which the black plague doctors wore was actually filled with sweet smelling substances usually Lavander; It's purpose was to aid with the smell of rot and decay and second, they believed that good smell would help them fight Black plague, which they believed it to be airborne.โ€ฆ
The Latin phrase Magnum Opus, that modernly refers to the greatest achievement of an artist or writer, was first used almost 2,000 years ago to describe the pursuit of the Philosopher's Stone, a legendary alchemical substance also known as the elixir of life.โ€ฆ
Matthew Perry doesn't remember filming three seasons of Friends due to his substance use.โ€ฆ
Capsaicin, the substance that makes peppers spicy, is found primarily in the white membrane in the pepper; the seeds do not contain any capsaicinโ€ฆ
Researchers discovered something dubbed "Cheese Metabolism". People who eat fatty cheese were found to paradoxically have healthier body compositions than those who don't. They theorize a substance in cheese called butyrate increases metabolism which can help people manage their weight better.โ€ฆ
:word mummy derives from Arabic word "mumiya" a substance which was used as a medicine .Bitumen, another substance was used in process of mummfication had a similar name"mumia".Europeans confused the words and thought "mumiya" refers to real mummies and thus started eating mummies as medicineโ€ฆ
Early refrigerating systems would use toxic substances like sulphur dioxide, ammonia and methyl chloride as coolants. Methyl chloride was also a gas used during WW1
The term โ€œtarmacโ€referring to the apron or any paved area at an airport, is a completely incorrect usage of the word - largely because that substance is rarely used for anything any longer.โ€ฆ
Simulants are organisms or substances which mimic physical or biological properties of real biological agents, without being pathogenic.โ€ฆ
Trees can stimulate cloud production in order to cool down by producing substances known as monoterpenesโ€ฆ
Kary Mullis, Nobel Prize Winner American Biochemist, who invented PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) technique, held high belief in 'Astrology' and had an encounter with an extraterrestrial in the form of a fluorescent raccoon. He used to self-test novel psychoactive substances too.โ€ฆ
New Jersey's law on reckless endangerment explicitly bans manufacturing or selling "a golf ball containing acid or corrosive fluid substance."โ€ฆ
A.A. founder Bill Wilson credited his sobriety to an experience with LSD and even endorsed the drug as a springboard to the "spiritual awakening" thought critical for others in recovery. However, "most AAs were violently opposed to his experimenting with mind altering substances".โ€ฆ
A material's melting point is the same as its freezing point. These are just different terms for the same thing, it just depends on whether energy is being removed from a substance (freezing) or if energy is being added to a substance (melting).โ€ฆ
If you feed a chicken a diet of spicy red peppers, its egg yolk will turn red. This is harmless for the chicken as all birds are immune to capsaicin (the substance that makes food taste spicy).โ€ฆ
Pistacios stored in bulk can spontaneously combust and behave like pyrophoric and self-heating substances (Class 4.2 of the IMDG Code)โ€ฆ
Today I learned of โ€œDenatoriumโ€, the most bitter chemical substance known, that is added to soap, paint, and even game cartridges to prevent ingestion by children.โ€ฆ
When Paul Verhoeven first received the script for Robocop, he threw it away in disgust after glancing through it. His wife picked it up from the bin and read through it more thoroughly, and persuaded him that it had more substance than he initially thought.โ€ฆ
Chevy had an option on almost all of its cars in the 60s called "Liquid Chain". It would spray a traction enhancing substance on the tires to aid traction in snow.โ€ฆ
Today I learned of Sadi Carnot (father of thermodynamics) who replaced the previously long-lived idea that heat was a substance by the conception of heat as a quantitative propertyโ€ฆ
Canada has an act/law (The Good Samaritan Drug Overdose Act) that in the event that you need to call 911 for someone whoโ€™s overdosed, you wonโ€™t get arrested for possession of controlled substances charges, and breach of conditions regarding the drug chargeโ€ฆ
Edward Doisy received the Nobel in Medicine for discovery of vitamin K with Henrik Dam. He also competed with Adolf Butenandt in the discovery of estrone in 1930. They discovered the substance independently, but only Butenandt was awarded the Chemistry Nobelโ€ฆ
In a 2005 questionnaire about substance abuse, 18.2% (163/894) admitted to taking derbisol โ€“ a drug that does not existโ€ฆ
Alexander Shulgin, the man who rediscovered MDMA and "the godfather of psychedelics", had a license from the DEA to produce any schedule 1 substance. He managed to discover over 200 psychoactive compounds before the license was revoked.โ€ฆ
Some bodies form a waxy substance on the skin called adipocere in the first few days after death.โ€ฆ
Today I learned about โ€œThe Redemption of Vanityโ€, an artwork by Diemut Strebe who put the blackest black (developed by MIT) onto a $2M diamond - thereby covering the worldโ€™s brightest material with the worldโ€™s darkest. Both substances are molecular forms of the same element: Carbon. the-redemption-of-vanity.โ€ฆ
Rhino horns are made of the same substance as hair and fingernailsโ€ฆ
In 1952 a chemist was helping out a milk truck driver complaining about the smell of rotten milk in his truck by extracting oils from evergreen trees. 2 years later he patent his โ€œodor-destroying, air-perfuming substances,โ€ invention shaped like a little tree with a string attached to it.โ€ฆ
In 1969 the case Leary v. United States ruled that the Marihuana Tax Act required self-incrimination, thus violating the Fifth Amendment of Constitution. Congress responded in 1970 by replacing the Marihuana Tax Act with the new Controlled Substances Act and continuing the prohibition.โ€ฆ
Justify failed a drug test one month before winning the 2018 Kentucky Derby/Triple Crown. Instead being disqualified, the California Horse Racing Board dropped the case and lightened the penalty for the substance Justify tested positive for.โ€ฆ
A Kansas animal hospital helped a dog who had 30 to 40 Asian beetles living on the roof of its mouth. Asian beetles secrete a sticky substance which allows them to latch onto a surface, like the roof of a dog's mouth. They cause ulcers on the tongue and mouth and have a very painful bite.โ€ฆ
IU on vitamin packages stands for International Unit for measuring amount of substance and ironically this unit is not part of International System of Unitsโ€ฆ
A painkiller works when the active site of the enzymes COX-1 and COX-2 which convert arachidonic acid to prostaglandins (pain causing substance) is blocked by the presence of the drug, eventually killing the sensations of any pain whatsoever.
When Albert Grossman, Janis Joplin's manager, learned about her substance abuse, he decided to buy insurance worth $200k on her life instead of confronting her about her habit.โ€ฆ
Bees make a substance called bee bread to feed their hive.
A fish called the Red Sea Moses sole secretes a substance that repels sharks by irritating their gillsโ€ฆ
Today I learned that early Christian authors such as St. Augustine regarded the devil as a fallen angel; he was bad for having rebelled against God, but retained his angelic substance, and was not a physical being. In other words, demons are beautiful when taking a physical form.โ€ฆ
Hugh Hefner tried to make sure his beneficiaries wonโ€™t blow through his money after his death. His will states that his children will be cut off โ€œif the trustees reasonably believe that (the beneficiary) routinely or frequently uses or consumes any illegal substance"โ€ฆ
Several species of lettuce produce a milky substance commonly called "lettuce opium" that has sedative and analgesic properties, resembles and can be smoked like opium, and produces mild euphoria without side effectsโ€ฆ
The name Sperm Whale was based on what was mistakenly identified as the whales' semen, is the semi-liquid, waxy substance found within the whale's head.โ€ฆ
Actor James Remar was originally slated to play Cpl. Hicks in "Aliens," but was replaced after 2 weeks by Michael Biehn due to Remar's substance abuse problems. Remar remains in the final cut of the film, in one undistinguishable wide shot of the Marines encountering the Xenomorph hiveโ€ฆ
Helium is the only substance that can't freeze. Instead, once it reaches a temperature below it's melting point, it turns into a superfluid with zero friction.โ€ฆ
While high on substances and during a meeting with a CBS exec in Germany, Ozzy Osbourne performed a Nazi goose-step on the executive's table before dipping his testicles in the executive's wine and then urinating in it. He only came to find out what he had done later by Sharon Osbourne.โ€ฆ
Today I learned of the Pitch Drop Experiment. To prove that the substance bitumen is actually an extremely slow-flowing liquid. It was poured into a beaker in 1927, since then only 9 drips have dropped to the bottom of the beaker. (About one every 10 years).โ€ฆ
Tennessee tried to force drug dealers to anonymously pay taxes on their sales of illegal substancesโ€ฆ
Certain birds can produce a milk type substance called crop milk. The birds that produce include pigeons, flamingos, and emperor penguin.โ€ฆ
Substances that make your eyes water, such as tear gas, are known as lachrymator, after the Latin 'lacrimare', to weep.โ€ฆ
Researchers found that bacteria release large quantities of hydrogen peroxide, weakening the immune system. One of the best known substances with the ability to neutralize hydrogen peroxide and that could hence boost anti-bacterial immunity are vitamins such as vitamin C, found in fruits.โ€ฆ
Wisconsin statute 101.58(2)(j)2.f. f. (Employee's Right to Know) specifically states that lutefisk is not considered a toxic substance.โ€ฆ
Today I learned about the nocebo effect. The opposite of the placebo effect, the nocebo effect brings negative outcomes from inert substances if the patient is told that the pill has negative side effects.โ€ฆ
Antihydrogen is the most expensive substance to produce on Earth. In 1999, NASA gave an estimate cost of $62.5 trillion per a single gram of antihydrogen, which becomes $94 trillion considering inflation nowadays. This amount of money is higher than GDPs of China, India and USA combined.โ€ฆ
In 2012, a man sued PepsiCo arguing that he had found a dead mouse in his Mt. Dew. Thus, PepsiCo had to prove and found that a mouse would "have dissolved into a "jelly-like" substance after 30 days"โ€ฆ
Today I learned about McKamey Manor, a "haunted house" where employees are allowed to physically assault patrons, waterboard them, force them to eat and drink unknown substances, have them bound and gagged and engage in other forms of emotional or psychological torture. The current waiting list is 24000.โ€ฆ
Today I learned about chlorine trifluoride, a substance which can burn virtually everything (e.g. sand, ash, asbestos) while letting off clouds of highly-corrosive superheated acid. Also, the acid is poisonous.โ€ฆ
Particle physicist John Ellis lost a bet and had to include the word "penguin" in his next scientific paper. After struggling to find a way to include the word, he "smoked some illegal substance" which gave him the inspiration for the now important Penguin Diagrams.โ€ฆ
Cement is the second most consumed substance on Earth after water.โ€ฆ
Huffing gasoline is a real form of substance abuse and that it causes actual highs and hallucinations. It is also one of the most commonly abused household items for lower class people and also one of the most dangerous.โ€ฆ
Between 17% to 80% of UK doctors prescribe placebos. 97% said they have prescribed substances or methods that lack therapeutic value such as vitamin C for cancer, antibiotics for suspected viral infections, or peppermint pills for pharyngitis.โ€ฆ
Today I learned about the Miracle Berry aka Sideroxylon dulcificum that produces a substance called Miraculin, this causes after ingest, normally-sour-tasting acidic foods, such as citrus, to be perceived as very sweet.โ€ฆ
Today I learned about Tonsil Stones, also called tonsillolith, which are lumps of calcified material in the tonsils, the fleshy pads at the back of the throat. Tonsil stones are formed when debris, such as food, dead cells, and other substances, become trapped on the tonsils. newsnetwork.mayoclinic.orโ€ฆ
The metallic odor of copper and iron does not come from the metal itself but from oils in our skin that decompose into volatile substances when we touch the metalโ€ฆ
Today I learned about Trabutina mannipara, or mana scale. This mealybug feeds parasitically on tamarisk trees, and excretes a sweet substance which is sometimes collected for human consumption. The manna of the Bible, in Exodus, may have been this excrement.โ€ฆ
Indian Kathakali makeup is an elaborate process lasting for about 3 hours. It is so heavy that it looks like a mask and all the colors in the makeup come from natural herbs and substancesโ€ฆ
Hitler's doctor, Theodor Morell, kept a medical diary of the drugs and other substances he administered to the Fรผhrer on a daily basis, such as; Atropine, Caffeine, Cocaine, Adrenaline, E. coli, Methamphetamine, Strychnine, Morphine, Heroin and Testosterone.โ€ฆ
Sucralose (Splenda) was discovered when a scientist at a British college misheard instructions about testing a substance. Instead, he tasted it, realizing that it was highly sweet.โ€ฆ
Applying chalk to a billiard cue increases the amount of friction between the ball and the cue, preventing the tip slipping from the ball during a strike. It is also not made of chalk, but a substance called corundum (aluminum oxide and silica).โ€ฆ
Silkworms are killed in the process of harvesting the raw silk. They are killed by boiling in order to remove the sticky substance that keeps the cocoon intact.โ€ฆ
Gelatin is a yellowish, odorless, and nearly tasteless substance that is made by prolonged boiling of skin, cartilage, and bones from animals. It's made primarily from the stuff meat industries have left over โ€” pork skins, horns, and cattle bones.โ€ฆ
Psychoactive toads exist. Colorado River toads contain a substance 5 times as potent as DMT- a strong hallucinogenic drug banned in the US. People have been arrested for attempting to get high by licking the toxic glands of the toads, when in fact the drug has to be extracted to be used.โ€ฆ
The St. Patrick's Day tradition of dyeing the Chicago river green arose by accident when a group of plumbers used green dye to trace illegal substances that were polluting the river. The dyeing of the river is still sponsored by the local plumbers union.โ€ฆ
Today I learned of Vantablack, the darkest known substance, which absorbs 99.96% of visible light, which is manufactured by a UK company for telescopes, infrared cameras, and other usesโ€ฆ
Ancient Roman women apllied makeup which consisted of a variety of substances, ranging from minerals and herbs to lead (altough it was already known to be poisonous). While a decent makeup was considered embellishing, too much of it could make for accusations of adultery or even witchcraft.โ€ฆ
The slow loris is the only recognized venomous primate. At roughly 2 lbs the slow loris secretes a toxin that when mixed with itโ€™s saliva creates a substance that while mainly used in defense can be fatal to humans.โ€ฆ
The recorded cases of spontaneous human combustion (SHC) have these things in common: 1) the victims are chronic alcoholics; 2) they are usually elderly females 3) the body has not burned spontaneously, but some lighted substance has come into contact with it.โ€ฆ
In addition to pine tar, it's against the rules of Major League Baseball to put any substance on a baseball, even spit. The penalty for spitting on the baseball is immediate ejection from the game, and a possible suspension.โ€ฆ
Tobacco is third in the list in terms of "Dependence potential" (loosely how addictive the substance is) with Heroin and Cocaine being first and second respectively. Others worth mentioning: alcohol (fifth) and cannabis/marijuana (eighth).โ€ฆ
Today I learned butterflies 'pee'. Occasionally adult butterflies drink so much they must emit a fine liquid spray from the tip of their abdomen. This substance is not like urine; rather, it is almost pure water.
In 17th-century Poland, wet bread mixed with spider webs was used to cure wounds. It may sound stupid, but it work, as the bread contained fungal spores, including penicillin and naturally produced antibiotic substances.โ€ฆ
Trimethylamine, the substance mainly responsible for the fishy odor of fish, is often associated with bacterial vaginosis.โ€ฆ
Sucralose (Splenda) was discovered in 1976 when a scientist at a British college misheard instructions about testing a substance. Instead of "test" he heard "taste", and when he did he found that the substance was very sweet. It was patented shortly after.โ€ฆ
O fthe North Carolina Unaurthorized Substance Tax. A tax that is to be paid on any illegal substance you possess over a certain weight within 48 hours of recieving it . Than placing a stamp onto it showing the tax was paid. And no, it doesn't make it any less illegal to posses.โ€ฆ
A common homeopathic cure for the flu is a 200C dilution of duck liver. A dilution of one molecule in the observable universe is 40C, therefore one would need to consume the equivalent of 10^320 observable universes of the substance to get a single molecule of duck liver.โ€ฆ

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