Out of all the species that ever lived throughout all of Earth’s history, only a fraction of a percent have fossilized. Even fewer are discovered by humans. Most of life’s history will be forever unknown en.wikipedia.org/w/index.…
A couple spent 26 years replanting a rain forest in 1991 and now it covers over 300 acres of wildlife that is home to more than 200 globally endangered species of plants and animals, including Asian elephants and Bengal tigers. boredpanda.com/wildlife-f…
After laying eggs, octopus moms’ only function is to protect and tend to their eggs because their brain shuts down except for the optic glands. They remain stationary for anywhere from months to years depending on the species of octopus, uninterested in food even when its offered to them. wnycstudios.org/podcasts/…
Researchers documented elephants exhibiting contagious yawning in response to yawns by humans familiar to them. While spontaneous yawning is common across all vertebrate classes, contagious yawning is less common and has been observed only in a few species of social animals. frontiersin.org/articles/…
The common chicken does not exist on the wild, they are the result of the domestication of another species of bird called the "Red Junglefowl" that lives in South Asia. They look like chickens except they live on trees and can actually fly ebird.org/species/redjun
75% of the world’s diet is produced from just 12 plant and five different animal species foodtechconnect.com/2019/…
1749 out of 1750 species of cacti are native to only The Americas cactiguide.com/places/
Napoleon had a healthy obsession with Australia his whole life. Had he won at Waterloo he intended to name part of Australia β€œTerre NapolΓ©on” (Napoleon Land) and brought back 200+ species of Australian flora and fauna to France, making JosephinΓ© the first person in history to breed black swans. ngv.vic.gov.au/media_rele…
Domestic dogs are one of only a few species that can understand that the human gesture of pointing means, "look in the direction my finger is pointing". Other animals, including wolves and other primates, don't understand how it works and will only be interested in your outstretched finger. patriciamcconnell.com/the…
Almost all mammals except for primates are red-green colourblind. This is because all living mammals descend from a small shrew-like species that lived in burrows and mostly came out at night, which had partially lost its sense of vision due to its dark habitat en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evo…
Some skeletons found of now extinct species of sloth suggest some varieties used to be as large as elephants. The Megatherium being one of them. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meg…
Many blueberries, blackberries, and strawberries have little transparent worms in them, that eventually turn into fruit flies unless you eat them first. Known as "Drosophila suzukii", this particular species first appeared in the United States in 2008. They are safe to eat. kuow.org/stories/there-ar…
The Korean DMZ is an "accidental paradise" for endangered species. The zone, isolated from human activity, has permitted nature to make a comeback and reclaim the land. The DMZ is home to more than 5,000 species, 106 of which have protected status. cnn.com/2019/11/25/world/…
Even though they existed for about 165 million years, only about 700 species of dinosaur have been discovered to date. thedinosaurmuseum.com/din…
A 2012 study found 1,458 β€œnew to science” bacteria species in our belly buttons. People’s bacterial profiles are unique, like fingerprints, and can be used in the same way. One person had a bacterium only ever found in Japanese soil," where he had never been. journals.plos.org/plosone…
Cats have contributed to the extinction of 60+ species ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Certain ant species commit suicide to protect their territory. As stinging wasn't effective against some predators, they evolved the ability to self-sacrifice to kill one or more enemies. They wrap themselves around an opponent & explodes, releasing sticky corrosive material killing both. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aut…
Today I learned of the term β€˜Maximum Life Span’ (not to be confused with life expectancy), which is defined as the maximum number of years a species is expected to live without any environmental hazards. Human’s maximum life span is around 120 years old. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NB…
Today I learned about pan-human love. In past 300k years, we overlapped with 6 known human species. All but us now extinct, though we interbred and carry the DNA of at least two (Denisovans, Neanderthals). Some Neanderthal skeletons carry our DNA too. Denisovans and Neanderthals mixed separately from us also. discovermagazine.com/plan…
Our species is continuing to evolve in 3 ways: natural selection (by which many are adapting to malaria and high altitudes), random mutations (increasingly likely as more older males become fathers), and a mysterious genetic repair tool that biases eggs and sperm to C and G bases over A or T. theconversation.com/human…
Humans evolved to have white skin only 8000 years ago. Our species has been around for about 300,000 years. sciencemag.org/news/2015/…
There is actually 2 distinct species of Red Panda meaning it is no longer considered the only species in its genus. cbc.ca/news/technology/re…
When all remaining California condors were captured to ensure their survival, they were de-loused. In doing so, conservationists killed all remaining individuals of a species of louse (Colpocephalum californici) that lived exclusively on the California condor, inadvertantly causing an extinction en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Col…
Cows are the female animal once they have had a baby calf. Heifers are cows that haven't had a baby yet. Bulls are the males capable of mating and steers are bulls that have been castrated (only removing testicles). The general descriptor for the species as a whole is "cattle" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat…
"sushi grade" is basically an unregulated marketing term. It only means at some point the fish was frozen to kill parasites. Some fish species are more prone to parasites, but due to mislabeling, the FDA mandates all fish frozen except tuna and shellfish. sushimodern.com/sushi/sus…
Today I learned of the Bone Wars. In the late 1800s, two rival paleontologists sought to disgrace each other, resorting to bribery, theft, attempts to cut off funding, and destruction of bones. Both paleontologists were ruined financially, but their efforts led to the discovery of 136 new species of dinosaurs. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bon…
Today I learned about the Sun Bear, the world's smallest bear species, which grows to only 28 inches tall. Sun bears are shy and reclusive and may bark if startled. They prefer to spend their time away from people (and predators), sunbathing and sleeping in trees. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun…
Nightshade is actually genus, not a species and tomatoes and eggplant are species within that genus. britannica.com/plant/nigh…
Meriwether Lewis was the first naturalist to encounter grizzly bears firsthand. His terrifying accounts became the new standard scientific description of the species. Naturalist George Ord used these firsthand descriptions to name the bear *Ursus horribilis Ord meaning Ord's horrible bear animalplanet.com/tv-shows…
There is a species of broccoli called Lieutenant Broccoli. bonnieplants.com/product/…
Scientists discovered a species of fungus at Chernobyl that uses the gamma radiation from the nuclear waste as a food source en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rad…
Homo Erectus lived for much longer than even our current species. H. Erectus was around for about 2 million years before being wiped out, H. Sapiens have only been around for about 200,000 years. smithsonianmag.com/scienc…
Almost all life on earth was destroyed around 2.4 billion years ago in the Oxygen Catastrophe (aka Great Oxidation Event). Photosynthesizing microorganisms pumped massive amounts of oxygen into the previously oxygen-poor atmosphere, making it oxygen rich. Most species perished, new ones arose. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gre…
There are colours other species can see which we can’t. scientificlights.com/home…
Today I learned about the Lincos language, designed in 1960 to communicate with extra-terrestrial species, and based only on mathematics and logic and thus not requiring any knowledge about Earth or humans to understand en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lin…
Bat Uses Pitcher Plant as Toilet; Plant Benefits. So there's this species of bats which takes a nap and a dump inside a pitcher plant, and the pitcher plant gets nutrients from the faeces. So it is a roost for poop, and everyone's happy. nationalgeographic.com/ne…
Tarzan wasn’t raised by apes, but by a fictional species of ape-like beings who have their own language. wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarzan…
Kudzu, the horribly invasive species of vine in the American southeast, was imported from Japan in the 1800's. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kud…
'Peacock' only describes the males of the 'Peafowl' species; the females are 'Peahens'. britannica.com/animal/pea…
Eurasian beavers nearly went extinct but were successfully reintroduced to their original range and are now considered a "Least Concern" species en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eur…
There is an estimated 65,000 different species out there that are considered Hermaphrodite's (intersex). wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermap…
Dutch authorities created over 300 little "parks" for bees on top of bus stop shelters in Utrecht; roofs are planted with low-maintenance sedum providing a safe habitat for bees. Over 50% of Netherlands' 358 bee species are endangered. Human commuters get with bamboo benches and LED lighting. thisiscolossal.com/2019/0…
Today I learned about hyperparasitism, where a parasitic species is itself parasitised by another parasite. Up to three levels of parasitism have been identified - specifically a fungus on a fungus on a fungus on a tree cell.com/trends/parasitol…
The phrase survival of the fittest is popularly wrongly attributed to Charles Darwin. It was coined by a philosopher called Herbert Spencer seven years before Darwin's publication of his theory of natural history, The Origin of the Species. newlearningonline.com/new…
Prairie dogs can warn others of their species about the type of predator, its direction, and even its color with just a single call. phys.org/news/2010-02-pra…
Starfish can drop off their arms when they feel threatened. Some species can even regenerate themselves from a single arm, as long as there's a small portion of the central disk, and some also reproduce that way, simply splitting in half to become two individual starfish. youtube.com/watch?v=Krfcg…
Zucchinis and pumpkins are actually members of the same species, and the word "zucchini", in fact, comes from the Italian word for "pumpkin". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zuc…
A hobbit-like human ancestor was found in Asia. Scientists have found skeletons of a human species that grew no larger than a three-year-old modern child. The species lived with pygmy elephants and giant lizards on a remote island in Indonesia. nationalgeographic.com/ne…
The rainbow lorikeet is a colorful species of parrot native to the forests of eastern Australia. Reportedly, they love showering and sometimes sleep upside down. As intelligent birds, they get easily bored and love to play with noisy toys. When they eat fermented fruit, they can get quite drunk. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rai…
There's a species of ants that abducts larvae of other colonies to use them as slaves. Their own "workers" do nothing but these raids. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pol…
All octopuses are venomous, but only a few species pose a significant threat to humans en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mol…
The male of a tiny Australian marsupial species called the antechinus goes into a mating frenzy once in its short life and has sex with as many females as possible until its body disintegrates. nationalgeographic.com/sc…
The term for the last animal of an entire species is Endling. When an Endling dies, the species is considered extinct. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End…
Walruses are actually 18% blubber and 44% muscle, while a certain species of moth can reach up tp 72% body fat. bbc.com/earth/story/20150…
Today I learned of the Lake Taal snake, a species of marine snake that evolved to adapt to a freshwater environment. It is found in a single Phillipine lake that was cut off from the sea less than 500 years ago. This means that the snake evolved into a new species in just a few centuries. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyd…
In 2015 two new species of Peacock spiders were discovered named Sparklemuffin and Skeletorus. Skeletorus has white markings on a black background that looks like a skeleton, and Sparklemuffin is a vibrant red and blue. Both are known for their flashy mating dances. nationalgeographic.com/ne…
The Echis (Saw-Scaled Viper) is responsible for more human related deaths than any other snake and is arguably responsible for more deaths per year than all other snake species combined. tisovn.com/post/the-world…
In 2002, a researcher found that the average 8-year-old British child could identify 80% of PokΓ©mon, but only 50% of common wildlife species telegraph.co.uk/news/ukne…
The Far Side's cartoonist, Gary Larson, has three species of of insects, one a chewing louse, named after him to thank him for the celebration of science in the comic. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gar…
Today I learned about Chronic Wasting Disease in deer/elk, a prion disease causing lesions in the brain and eventual death (always fatal). It can spread to other species that consume deer meat, though it hasn’t yet spread to humans, it’s a serious potential threat as it has been spread to primates. qdma.com/cwd/
While the chloroplasts of nearly all known photosynthetic eukaryotes derive ultimately from the a single cyanobacterium taken in by a eukaryote a billion years ago, there are 3 species of amoeba which had taken on a cyanobacterium more recently and whose endosymbiont is called a chromatophore en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pau…
Two Buddhists who bought Β£5,000 of live Crustacea and released them into the sea for good karma, were fined Β£15,000 for β€˜untold damage’ to the environment by introducing non-native species. theguardian.com/uk-news/2…
The Canadian Down Syndrome Society advocacy group petitioned to have people with Down syndrome added to endangered species list. toronto.citynews.ca/2018/…
New Mexico whiptail lizard is an all female species. Their eggs develop without being fertilized and all of their offspring are female. By nature, they only have same-sex relationship. researchfrontiers.uark.ed…
A species of rare freshwater turtle, classified Elseya irwini was discovered by and later named after Steve Irwin and his father Bob Irwin while on a 1990 crocodile hunting trip. youtu.be/wRdnNN1N-zA
Bats have unique smells that can range from corn tortillas to burnt oranges and fungus, usually based on their species, the individual and that their health. batcon.org/article/bat-sm…
Two species of African spider are named after the film and main character of the Big Lebowski (Jeff Bridges): Anelosimus biglebowski and Anelosimus dude en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The…
Grad students in the Netherlands have created lab-grown venom glands from 9 species of snake embryos: 1mm long white blobs that produced venom in a petri dish. It paves the way for creating antivenom without milking adult snakes for venom and without injecting into a horse to produce antibodies. smithsonianmag.com/smart-…
, killer whales are actually a species of large dolphins! api.nationalgeographic.co…
When the Grand Canyon divided the local squirrel population, they evolved into two different species. Despite being separated only by the Colorado River and remaining extremely similar in appearance, they are now so genetically incompatible that they can no longer interbreed. cbsnews.com/news/nature-u…
There is a secure seed bank on a remote arctic island of Norway. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault's mission is to provide a safety net against accidental loss of different plant species in case of a global catasthrophe. It has a capacity of 4.5 million seed samples! en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sva…
Today I learned of penis fencing, a mating behavior in hermaphroditic species of flatworm. Two flatworm β€œfight” and try to penetrate the other's epidermis and inject sperm into them (aka "traumatic insemination"). The loser becomes fertilized and is known as the "mother", while the victor becomes the "father" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pen…
"killer bees" (real name: Africanized bees) are actually a man-made hybrid species created in 1957 when 26 swarms of them escaped quarantine nhm.ac.uk/discover/killer…
Male Western parotia bird appears like a ballet dancer while performing courtship display to attract female. He just doesn't perform, but rehearses in advance and ensures the perching spot is clean for the female to watch the show comfortably. The endemic species belongs to birds of paradise. youtube.com/watch?v=iTmHt…
Australia aren't the only nation to go to war with an invasive species. Ecuador fought a war with 200000 goats, using helicopter borne marksmen and insurgent goats. nationalgeographic.com/cu…
The 'Salema Porgy' is a species of fish that can cause hallucinations when eaten. In Ancient Rome it was consumed as a recreational drug. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sal…
Today I learned of Aphonopelma johnnycashi, a Tarantula species discovered in 2015 near Folsom Prison California named after Johnny Cash, whose song, "Folsom Prison Blues", made it famous. The males of the species are usually black coinciding with Cash's nickname "The Man in Black". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aph…
Today I learned of a unique species of lobsters that are not only coloured differently, but half of their body is male and half of it is female - they are called "gynandromorphs" researchgate.net/figure/G…
The coconut crab, the world's largest terrestrial invertebrate, is also the largest hermit crab species. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Her…
Between North and South Korea lies 155 miles of no man’s land where hundreds of rare animals species thrive. npr.org/2019/04/20/710054…
England has a small scorpion population, believed to be brought by fruit trade in the 19th century, making them the northernmost found scorpion species telegraph.co.uk/travel/sa…
A species of migratory songbirds can predict hurricane season intensity better than computer models audubon.org/news/are-thes…
One species of freshwater turtle has actual flippers like a sea turtle. Called the pig-nosed turtle, it lives in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Australia. Extremely aggressive, little studied and difficult to keep in captivity, it is rarely seen in aquariums. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pig…
Elton John has a species of shrimp named after him vice.com/en_us/article/78…
Male octopuses mate using a specialized arm called a hectocotylus that is sometimes (depending on species) torn off and presented to the female. There are even species that have two hectocotylized arms. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hec…
"red pandas" are actually composed of two distinct species, the chinese and himalayan ones. The chinese are basically more red, and have darker tail raings. edition.cnn.com/2020/02/2…
The species of turtle that Steve Irwin discovered (elseya irwini) breathes from it’s cloaca!!... and, also, is facing extinction due to the Urannah Dam Project. urannah.com.au/elseya-irw…
Dragonflies spend several years as aquatic nymphs (one to four years), while the winged adult stage last any where from a few days to a few weeks, with six months being the exception for some species. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dra…
l Python hunting is allowed in Florida's Everglades as a measure to control the non-native snake, the Pythons originally pets released by their owners have become an invasive species. The giant snakes have decimated local bird populations and wildlife because it has no know natural predators. sunshinestatenews.com/sto…
There is an extinct species of bandicoot whose scientific name is 'Crash Bandicoot' en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cra…
The Giant Squid demonstrates Deep Sea Gigantism, a phenomenon whereby deep dwelling species grow far larger than shallower water relatives to be more efficient in the depths where food is scarcer youtu.be/f-y0TNNiZOs
Dogs are the only non-primate species with a left-gaze bias. Humans tend to look at the right side of a human face for better facial recognition and dogs respond to faces in a similar way: Dogs also fixate on the right side of a human face, but not that of other animals. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dog…
Lions are a species that mate very often through the course of four days, resulting in an average of 50 copulations per day. britannica.com/animal/lio…
There is a species of moth called the Bagworm moth. They build a cocoons out of sticks and small twigs. These cocoons can sometimes look like small log cabins. After metamorphosis the female of the species spend their whole lives, of a few weeks, in the little home they made. discovermagazine.com/plan…
Today I learned about the Costasiella kuroshimae (AKA "leaf slug" or "leaf sheep"), a species of sacoglossan sea slug that has the ability to retain the chloroplasts from the algae it feeds on and use them to photosynthesize its own energy. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cos…
The Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating North and South Korea has become a unintentional nature preserve. Several rare and endangered species, including the Amur leopard and Siberian tiger have been spotted there. smithsonianmag.com/travel…
Today I learned of beaked whales, a set of 22 species of whales with beaks like dolphins, some of which reach sizes of over 42 feet and which prey on colossal squid in the deep sea. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bea…
Several mosquito species have a proboscis that’s strong enough to make it through the tight weave of denim. There’s also lots of space between the threads that make up socks, and mosquitoes can easily suck blood through those spaces abchomeandcommercial.com/…
Over 99 percent of all species that have ever existed on Earth are extinct. Extinction events that caused this include the Ordovician-Silurian extinction, the Late Devonian extinction, the Permian-Triassic extinction, the Triassic-Jurassic extinction, and the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction nationalgeographic.com/sc…
Japanese Emperor Hirohito published several scientific papers on marine biology from his laboratory at the Imperial Palace. His contributions included descriptions of several species of hydrozoa new to science. catalog.hathitrust.org/Re…

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