Stalin saved the Chinese written script by talking Mao out of completely replacing it with full scale romanization pinyin.info/readings/defr…
Serious proposals have been made to convert written Chinese into using only a Western alphabet. Mao supported romanization but thought that total conversion to pinyin would be too difficult; it may still happen, though, because of the popularity of pinyin when using a computer keyboard. pinyin.info/readings/defr…
The earliest Japanese romanization system was based on the Portuguese orthography. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rom…
In Japanese, there are two major romanization systems, Hepburn and Kunrei-shiki, and that differences between the two account for why some Japanese words have multiple spellings. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hep…
The 'Hepburn romanization' (named after translator, physician, educator, and lay Christian missionary James Curtis Hepburn) has been used to transcribe the sounds of the Japanese language into the Latin alphabet in the third edition of his Japanese–English dictionary, published in 1887. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hep…
"Peking" is the Romanization of Chinese characters εŒ—δΊ¬, which we pronounce today as "Beijing" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nam…
I have always made the the connection between DBZ's Goku and the famous Sun WuKong (The Monkey King), but that Goku's full name, Son Goku, is also a Japanese Romanization of the Chinese legend's name. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Son…
People keep finding meticulously crafted hollow dodecahedrons throughout Europe dating back to the Roman Empire but historians have no idea what they're supposed to be used for as there's no historical record of them anywhere. Theories range from dice to knitting. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rom…
Every year Romans would crucify dogs while geese sat upon purple and gold pillows and watched. This was because when the Gauls attacked Rome in 390 BCE the geese raised an alarm while the guard dogs were silent. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sup…
Rome was basically a ghost town during the Middle Ages. After the fall of the West-Roman empire, the population of Rome dropped from 1MILLION in 330AD to just 20k in 650AD. The population remained roughly the same till ca.1600AD. davidgalbraith.org/trivia…
An ancient Roman oracle once prophesied that "Caligula had no more chance of becoming emperor than of riding a horse across the Bay of Baiae". After becoming emperor, Caligula ordered ships to construct the largest pontoon bridge in history, and rode his horse across the Bay of Baiae. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cal…
A Roman day was always 12 hours long, regardless of the season. The time between sunrise and sunset was divided by 12 hours, same as with the time between sunset and sunrise. The hours where shorter in the winter and longer in the summer thehourglass.com/cultural…
Christianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire in the 380s, when Emperor Theodosius banned Pagan rituals and holidays, disbanded the Vestal virgins, extinguished the Sacred Fire, destroyed the Temple of Apollo at Delphi and put an end to the Ancient Olympic Games en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Per…
The Speyer wine bottle, unearthed from a Roman tomb found near Speyer, Germany, is considered "the world's oldest existing bottle of wine". The bottle has been dated between 325 and 350 AD en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spe…
By the age of 18, Elagabalus had been a high priest, consul, married four times, Roman Emperor for four years, and the victim of an assassination devised by his grandmother. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ela…
Today I learned of Boudica, a Celtic queen who led a revolt against Roman rule in ancient Britain in A.D. Boudica’s forces had massacred some 70,000 Romans and pro-Roman Britons and though her rebellion failed, she is celebrated today as a national heroine and an embodiment of the struggle for justice. history.com/news/who-was-…
Today I learned about Marcus Licinius Crassus, an ancient Roman who was the richest man in his time in history. He gained his wealth largely through slaves, politics, and real estate. In mockery of his greed, melted gold was poured in his mouth after his death. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mar…
During the Battle of Cannae, Hannibal encircled the entire Roman army with his troops and killed between 50,000 - 70,000 Roman soldiers while loosing only 6,000 of his own men. Today this battle is often considered to be the perfect defeat of an enemy army. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bat…
Ethiopia adopted Christianity in 330 AD, just 17 years after the Roman empire. Despite the rise of Islam, fall of the Byzantine Orthodox Church, and being cut off from all other Christians for centuries Ethiopia remained Christian. They remain the only majority Orthodox Christian African nation. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chr…
Today I learned of Garum, a type of fish sauce which the romans adored. It smelled so bad that Garum factories could only be found outside the city walls, but it was still the ancient world's favorite topping, which accompanied most of their foods en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gar…
Ancient Romans used to eat hallucinogenic fish at parties to get high. bonappetit.com/trends/art…
Cato the Elder(a notoriously uptight grouch) expelled a man from the roman senate for embracing his wife in public and in front of their daughter. Cato went on to say that he never hugs his own wife, except during thunderstorms, and added that "thunderstorms make him a really happy man" penelope.uchicago.edu/Tha…
In 1944, the Soviets had 50,000 German prisoners marched through Moscow in a ceremony reminiscent of a Roman triumph. Afterwards, street sweepers were used "to wipe out the stain of fascism". youtube.com/watch?v=-nbDI…
Irene of Athens had her son's eyes gouged out & had him imprisoned declaring herself as Empress. However, Pope Leo III declared no woman could rule the Roman Empire throne. Irene was exiled to the island of Lesbos and died. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ire…
When Sharon Tate was murdered by the Manson Family in 1969, Roman Polanski briefly suspected Bruce Lee of having committed the murder, due to a pair of eyeglasses found at the crime scene followed by a comment Bruce Lee made to Roman Polanski about how he had lost his own eyeglasses. esquire.com/entertainment…
While Roman senator Cato the Elder famously said "Carthago delenda est" (Carthage must be destroyed) in all of his speeches, he was often opposed by another senator name Corculum, who ended his speeches with "Carthago servanda est" (Carthage must be preserved) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pub…
The barbarian king who conquered Rome in 476 was a Christian and had recognition of the Roman senate and Eastern Roman emperor en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odo…
The Byzantines themselves never stopped calling themselves Romans till the very fall of the empire. After the crowning of Charlemagne as emperor in 800, they were keen on viewing Byzantium as a Greek empire. But they s felt rather angry when they were called Greeks and not Roman. rosetta.bham.ac.uk/issue7…
Today I learned about the Wittmoor bog trackway, two historic corduroy (wooden log) roads, discovered in 1898 in Hamburg, Germany. Dating of the logs used to construct the road reveal they were cut down in 330 AD during the Roman Empire. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wit…
During the French Revolution, Catholicism was briefly replaced by the Cult of Reason. Notre Dame’s altar was dismantled and replaced by an altar to Liberty and β€œTo Philosophy” inscribed above it’s doors. The Festival of Reason had girls in Roman costumes, impersonating the Goddess of Reason encyclopedia.com/religion…
Today I learned about the Roman practice of damnatio memoriae. If the senate or emperor did not like the acts of an individual, they could have his property seized, his statues destroyed and his name obliterated from all public records khanacademy.org/humanitie…
A roman consul was told before a crucial battle with Carthage that the auguries suggested he shouldn't go to battle, since the chicken didn't eat that day. Wishing to do it any way, he proclaimed "lets see if they will drink", and had the sacred chickens drowned. He fought and lost the battle constitution.org/2-Author…
Many Christmas traditions come from the Roman holiday Saturnalia. history.com/topics/ancien…
Today I learned of the correspondence of Paniskos and his wife Ploutogenia: a series of letters from the 3rd century AD discovered in Egypt. It's a back and forth between a husband and his wife which survives intact and gives us a glimpse of what family life in Roman Egypt was like. apps.lib.umich.edu/snapsh…
Ancient Romans used communal sponges on sticks to wipe their butts at the latrines. There was also a Germanic gladiator who refused to fight, hid in the latrines, and committed suicide by shoving a sponge stick down his throat. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xyl…
The formal clothing of the Roman Citizen was the Toga. During Roman elections, those running for political office would rub their Toga with a dazzling white chalk to stand out. Called Toga Candida (pure-white) this clothing was the origin of the word "candidate". ancient.eu/article/48/the…
Today I learned about Ithkuil, a spoken/written artificial language designed to be as efficient as theoretically possible. Complex anecdotes, such as: "On the contrary, I think it may turn out that this rugged mountain range trails off at some point" become "Tram-mΔΌΓΆi hhΓ’smaΕ™pΕ£uktΓ΄x" in romanized Ithkuil. ithkuil.net/index.htm
During the Black Death, the physician to the Papacy recognized that bloodletting was ineffective, but he continued to prescribe bleeding for members of the Roman Curia, whom he disliked. He also claimed that all true cases of plague were caused by astrological factors, and were incurable en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bla…
Ancient Romans used dried and crushed mouse brains, urine, and ashes of hare and donkey teeth as toothpaste. manchesterhistorian.com/2…
The Roman Empire was still around when Christopher Columbus was born (RE fell in 1453 in the Fall of Constantinople, CC was born in 1451) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chr…
Lasagna dates back to the Roman empire, though it was not made with tomato sauce until more recently, because tomatoes originated in South America. youtube.com/watch?v=CilkA…
The word β€œmile” originally comes from the Latin phrase β€œmilia passuum” which means β€œ1000 paces” as paces was the way Romans measured distances. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mil…
The constitution of the short-lived Roman Republic was the first in the world to abolish capital punishment en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rom…
Origin of the whoopee cushion can be traced back to the teenage Roman emperor Elagabalus, who regularly pulled the practical joke at aristocratic dinner parties. His guards were soon fed up with these antics and he lost the respect of his people. He was assassinated at the age of 18. historyandheadlines.com/m…
Today I learned about Curse Tablets where Ancient Romans would talk smack about those who wronged them. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bat…
Tolkien invented the concept of Orcs for purely for Lord of the Rings - basing their name off of an ancient Roman God of the Underworld en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orc…
Ancient Romans used human and animal urine as a mouthwash and to whiten their teeth. Urine contains ammonia (compound of nitrogen & hydrogen) which can act as a cleansing agent. Today ammonia is mainly used for cleaning glass, porcelain, stainless steel, & removing baked off grime from the oven. edmontonjournal.com/welln…
Names for generic drugs has a prefix and suffix. The suffix tell you how the drug works. The prefix can me made up but has to follow a strict rule including not using the letters Y, H, K, J, and W because certain languages that use the Roman alphabet don't have these letters. pfizer.com/news/hot-topic…
Today I learned about the Erfurt Latrine Disaster of 1184, when a number of nobles from across the Roman Empire met in the Church of St. Peter to settle an argument. Instead, the floor collapsed beneath them, opening into the latrine. This resulted in 60 people drowning in liquid excrement. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erf…
The Roman "Pilum" featured a barbed spear head, on a long, thin iron shaft, attached to a heavy wooden handle. The design used the attackers own momentum to pierce their shield, and render it useless, leaving them defenseless if they choose to keep attacking a Roman formation. youtube.com/watch?v=ZxY3C…
Today I learned of Gaius Marius, who eliminated the requirement for Roman soldiers to be landowners. Thereafter, Rome's legions largely consisted of poor citizens who became extremely loyal to their commanders. Ultimately, this was highly significant for Caesar and Rome's transformation from Republic to Empire. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gai…
Ancient Romans ate snails. They would fatten the snails by feeding them milk or grape juice carolashby.com/snails-coc…
The Roman emperor Commodus would have people without feet tied together and brought to the arena, where he would pretend they were giants and club them to death. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Com…
The Juno spacecraft carries 3 Lego mini-figures representing Galileo Galilei, the Roman god Jupiter, and his wife Juno. Juno holds a magnifying glass to signify her search for the truth, while her husband holds a lightning bolt, the miniature Galileo has his telescope with him on the journey. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jun…
The Roman – Persian wars are the longest in history, lasting over 680 years. They began in 54 BC and ended in 628 AD. generatorfun.com/random-f…
Roman Emperor Elagabalus was openly transgender and requested that doctors make him a β€œvagina” glbtqarchive.com/ssh/elag…
The Ancient Egyptian Luxor Temple was used by the Romans as the center of a Legionary Fort and Government over 1,500 after its construction. The walls of the Fort can still be clearly seen around it. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lux…

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