The first modern office chair failed commercially outside the US, because it was too comfortable. The Victorian morality of the time valued rigid, unsupportive seats that allowed sitters to demonstrate refinement, willpower and morality through an upright posture. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cen…
In 1880, Felix Adler, the philosopher who would later lead America’s first national campaign against child labor, proposed a 100% tax rate on income above the point β€œwhen a certain high and abundant sum has been reached, amply sufficient for all the comforts and true refinements of life”. theguardian.com/commentis…
Fritz Haber, considered to be the "father of chemical warfare" for his invention, refinement, and use of Chlorine Gas during WWI also won a Nobel Prize for his synthesis of Ammonia, which allowed for massively improved farming and fed/feeds millions. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fri…
Profiles of Hitler in the 1930s in Vogue, Life, and Home and Garden praised his refinement, gentle repasts, unpretentious hospitality and love of sweets. theconversation.com/hitle…
Louis Pasteur's process of pasteurization was a refinement of Nicolas Appert's food preservation process. Pasteur's 'invention' was really understanding why it worked. smithsonianmag.com/smart-…
After reading newspaper accounts of a family dying after their refrigerator leaked toxic gas into their home, Albert Einstein and a student invented a refrigeration system with no moving parts. Now known as the Einstein Refrigerator, modern refinements may see it soon hit the market. etsy.com/blog/en/2012/the…
Victoria's Secret comes from "Victoria" after Queen Victoria (to associate with the refinement of the era) and "Secret" (was what was hidden underneath the clothes). wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor…
Diamonds can be created from human ashes using carbon refinement. A High-Pressure, High-Temperature press is used to simulate a natural environment for turning the carbon into a memorial diamond. everdear.co.uk/technologi…
The name of nickel, the metal, comes from a mischievous German sprite known to miners, called Nickel, similar to Old Nick. The element of mischief reflects the fact that metallurgists working with nickel-copper ores were foiled by its ability to resist refinement into pure copper. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nic…
The world's oil drilling and refinement industry started in a tiny village in southern Poland. in 1854 Ignacy Łukasiewicz established an oil field around BΓ³brka, Poland. It's rumored J. D. Rockefeller met him in Vienna decades before founding Standard Oil and becoming the richest man ever. youngpetro.org/2013/05/30…
Today I learned of "the Great Male Renunciation" - the late 18th century phenomenon in which Western men stopped using brilliant or refined forms in their dress, which were left to women's clothing en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gre…
, Wipro (Multi national USD 9 billion IT company), started out as a Palm Oil Manufacturing company in India. "Western India Palm Refined Oil" = WIPRO. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wip…
Suzanne Vega's song, "Tom's Diner" was so clear, it was used to refine the MP3 compression algorithm. mentalfloss.com/article/1…
50% of the calories Americans consume come from nutrient-depleted, ultra-processed foods, including refined flours and industrial seed oils. A recent study indicates that US children and adults have high rates of deficiency of vitamins A, B6, B12, C, D, E, and folate, as well as the mineral iron kresserinstitute.com/well…
Galileo used a crude refracting telescope. His initial version only magnified 8x but was soon refined to 20x magnification. The main problem with his telescopes was their very narrow field of view, typically about half the width of the Moon atnf.csiro.au/outreach/ed…
Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel ― the bran, germ, and endosperm. Refined grains have been milled, a process that removes the bran and germ. This is done to give grains a finer texture and improve their shelf life, but it also removes dietary fiber, iron, and many B vitamins. diet.mayoclinic.org/diet/…
Bunker fuel is the generic term given to any fuel poured into a ship’s bunkers to power its engines. Deep sea cargo ships typically burn the heavy, residual oil left over after gasoline, diesel and other light hydrocarbons are extracted from crude oil during the refining process. It's very toxic vancouversun.com/touch/ne…
Every ball used in an MLB game is covered in mud that comes from a secret location in New Jersey. A man skims through riverbanks to find the mud, then refines it before it's applied to balls. It's called the Lena Blackburne Original Baseball Rubbing Mud gizmodo.com/5850268/every…
Highly refined peanut oil is safe to consume if you have a peanut allergy. Due to the protein that is removed in the refining process. acaai.org/resources/conne…
According to studies, highly processed foods share pharmacokinetic properties (e.g. concentrated dose, rapid rate of absorption) with drugs of abuse, due to the addition of fat and/or refined carbohydrates and the rapid rate they're absorbed into the system, indicated by glycemic load. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Because copper was prioritized for conventional war materials, the Manhattan Project borrowed 14,000 tons of silver from the US Mint for the electromagnets used in the Oak Ridge uranium refining plants. americanscientist.org/art…
Before the start of salt iodization in the 1920s, 47% of schoolchildren in Michigan had goiter and 30% of WWI draftees were medically disqualified for the condition. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
The artist Camille Corot is one of the most forged artists ever. He had a lazy attitude towards copies. He would sign replicas and even loan his works to professional copiers. Efforts to stop this by publicizing his art backfired, when forgers used the catalogues as guides to refine their fakes. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jea…
Zimbabwe has what many experts believe to be the largest diamond field in the world. With extraction of over 17Million carats. This mining region is size of the German capital Berlin, these diamonds are sent to the EU to be refined. dw.com/en/zimbabwean-diam…
Many ancient statues weren't meant to be white. Over time, the paint on the statues wore off, and were completely colorless upon their discovery. This lead many sculptors to believe that the refined Greeks and Romans left their marble bare intentionally, creating a lasting trend. artsy.net/article/artsy-e…
To refine uranium for the nuclear bomb dropped on Hiroshima, huge coils for electro magnets were needed, and when people in charge couldn't find enough copper, because of the war, a creative solution was provided and tons of silver were borrowed from the USA national treasury to make them. insidescience.org/news/si…
Bruce Lee avoided baked goods and refined flour, describing them as providing empty calories which did nothing for his body. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bru…
Refining cocoa beans into chocolate gets rid of all the moisture, so the final product is actually very dry. Melted chocolate can be considered a β€˜dry’ ingredient despite its liquid state. Adding water to melted chocolate has the same effect as adding water to flour; turning it into paste. thekitchn.com/food-scienc…
White sugar isn't always vegan- it is sometimes refined with bone char, typically from cows, to make it whiter en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bon…
Bladerunner is so visually stunning partly because of the 1980 Hollywood Actors Strike, which gave the film's Art Department and Designers an extra 3 months to improve and refine significantly their futuristic sets and props. pajiba.com/seriously_rand…
A new expanded, refined 2018 study on the β€œbackfire effect”, how a certain percentage of people when presented with a fact that conflicts with an incorrect belief they hold, adhere to the incorrect belief more strongly, has found no evidence for this effect. It appears facts still matter. worklearning.com/2018/02/…
During WW2, DuPont was hired to build the Hanford nuclear site, producing plutonium. Reluctantly, they agreed to do so under a symbolic 1-dollar contract. After the war ended, a government accountant saw construction took 2 rather than the anticipated 3 years, and cut their pay to .68 cents b-reactor.org/wp-content/…
The singer Suzanne Vega is considered the "Mother of MP3" as her song "Tom's Diner" was used to refine the algorithm in MP3 format. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom…
As much as 70% of gold worldwide is refined in Switzerland. swissinfo.ch/eng/multinat…
There is a guy who made an entire electric toaster from raw materials - mining and refining steel, nickel, copper, mica, and making plastic - after being inspired by a Hitchhiker's Guide quotation. ted.com/talks/thomas_thwa…
Today I learned of U and non-U English usage: upper versus middle class word choices. Some middle class terms are more fancy or fashionable, to make themselves sound more refined en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_a…
Korean chopsticks aremainly metal as during the Baekje(18BC-660AD)Period the royal family used silver chopsticks to detect poison in their food since silver changes color when it comes in contact w/ poisonous chemical.It is believed that commoners took after the king and adopted steel chopsticks. foodbeast.com/news/why-ko…
Refining a 42 gallon barrel of crude oil yields 20gal gasoline, 7gal diesel, and 17gal of petroleum byproducts such as propane, ammonia and plastic material, totaling 44 gallons; a net gain of 2 gallons. investopedia.com/universi…
An elephant's ability to smell water is so refined, they can sometimes detect water sources from as much as 12 miles away seaworld.org/animal-info/…
Suzanne Vega is known as the "Mother of the MP3". The developer of the MP3 audio compression method, Karlheinz Brandenburg, used her song, "Tom's Diner", to refine his algorithm by listening to it again and again to see if he could capture the subtlety in her voice. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom…
There is no "second" press of virgin oil, so the term "first press" means only that the oil was produced in a press vs. other possible methods. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oli…
The language spoken by Leeloo in film 5th Element was invented by director Luc Besson and refined by Milla Jovovich. By the end of filming they were able to have full conversations in this language. imdb.com/title/tt0119116/…
Popeyes uses refined wood pulp, microcrystalline cellulose, in their chicken breading. dfwairport.com/apps/cma/p…
Taking cold showers provides health benefits such as refining hair and skin, improving immunity and circulation, stimulating weight loss, and speeding up muscle soreness recovery. medicaldaily.com/benefits…
, due to "processing gains" we get nearly 45 gallons of refined petroleum products from one 42-gallon barrel of crude oil, because refined products have a lower specific gravity than crude oil. brillpetco.com/refining.h…
Highly refined peanut oil is refined to the point where all allergens (peanut protein) are removed and pose no threat to those with severe peanut allergies. peanut-institute.org/eati…
A mature Yang Na Tree of Southeast Asia can produce 400 ml of resin per day, and that 11 mature trees can produce enough resin to be refined into 3 liters of diesel. greennet.or.th/en/article…
Chinese stalagmites refine carbon dating accuracy. A 54,000 year reference for C-dating was made by measuring C-14 in stalagmites in a Chinese cave. Ages of objects can be determined by measuring radioactive C-14; it can be calibrated from tree ring data that only goes back around 13,000 years. chemistryworld.com/news/c…
The Tate Gallery, which now has four major sites including Tate Modern, was named after Henry Tate of the Sugar refiners β€˜Tate and Lyle’, after he offered his art collection and provided funding for the first Tate Gallery in 1889. tate.org.uk/about-us/hist…
Refining 42 gallons of crude oil results in 44 gallons of product. enersciences.com/r3-scien…

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