James Stockdale, a Vietnam War POW who didn't want to be in Vietnam, spent over seven years in a POW camp - four of them in solitary confinement and two in leg irons - and credits his Stoic philosophy studies for allowing him and his men to survive the constant torture and interrogation newsletter.butwhatfor.com…
The Japanese work philosophy of β€œkaizen”, where people constantly seek to find ways to improve methods instead of just doing it the same way lifehacker.com/get-better…
Today I learned about Pataphysics, a β€œphilosophy” of science that β€œexamines imaginary phenomena that exist in a world beyond metaphysics”. The College of Pataphysics in Paris is permanently headed by Dr. Faustroll, a fictional character, and their Vice-Curator position was previously held by a crocodile. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%27…
, The Anti-Work Movement is a philosophy that sees work as the cause of unhappiness, and should therefore be avoided. Although associated with anarchists and communists today, its roots can we traced back to the Ancient Greek Cynics. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ref…
Heraclitus of Ephesus appreciation for wordplay and oracular expressions, as well as paradoxical elements in his philosophy, earned him the epithet "The Obscure" from antiquity. He wrote a single work, On Nature, only fragments of which have survived. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Her…
Today I learned of the Axial Age, the ~200 year period when most of Eurasia's religion and philosophy was created. Greek & Chinese philosophers, Zoroaster, Mahavira (Jainism) and Siddharta all lived/flourished between 600-400 BCE. It's unknown if this is an unlikely coincidence, or evidence of some structure en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axi…
Schopenhauer, the notoriously pessimistic philosopher, wrote an essay for a Danish philosophy contest. Despite being the sole entrant for the contest, he didn't receive a prize. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/On_…
The phrase "The end justifies the means" is widely attributed to Machiavelli’s The Prince, which does reflect this philosophy but does not use the phrase in this wording. A possible source is Ovid’s Heroides (ca. 10 BC), which says Exitus acta probat (β€œThe result justifies the deeds”). en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Con…
In 1931, mathematician Kurt GΓΆdel proved that there are mathematical facts that are unprovable, upending the philosophy of mathematics at the time en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C…
At age 30, Dan McLaughlin with no golf experience, quit his job and dedicated to train to be a pro golfer. His philosophy was 10k hours to become an expert, and with the help of psychologists and trainers he was able to get a 2.5 handicap (top 6%), but his back went out at 6k hours and he quit. theatlantic.com/health/ar…
Filmmaker Terrence Malick, whose films are filled with transcendental themes and philosophical voiceovers, graduated summa cum laude in Philosophy from Harvard, was a Rhodes scholar at Oxford writing a thesis on Kierkegaard, Heidegger, and Wittgenstein, and briefly taught philosophy at MIT closeupfilmcentre.com/ver…
Today I learned about the concept of Shuhari, a Japanese philosophy on learning. The student first follows the rules (Shu), seeks to break the rules (Ha), then becomes the rules (Ri) as they have achieved mastery and the rules are no longer necessary. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shu…
Today I learned about The Gospel of Wealth, an 1889 article by Andrew Carnegie that became a guiding philosophy for philanthropy as a moral obligation for the wealthy to spend their fortunes helping others that became a trend and expected of the very successful. He said: "He who dies rich, dies disgraced." theweek.com/articles/5979…
Jediism is a real religion and is recognized as one under the US government. Not only that, but they actually have a philosophy that can be implemented for real-life issues. templeofthejediorder.org/
Linux operating system Ubuntu, is named after the Nguni philosophy of ubuntu, which Canonical indicates means "humanity to others" with a connotation of "I am what I am because of who we all are". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubu…
The French philosophy on emergency medical care is to provide a higher level of care at the scene of the incident, and so every ambulance is staffed with a Doctor who arrives on site. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eme…
Hippocrates believed that the natural processes of the body shouldn't be intervened. This philosophy carried into the late 1800s to the extent that development of pus was seen as positive indicator of healing because it was routinely found in all kinds of wounds. It was called "laudable pus". barnesandnoble.com/w/grea…
Nikola Tesla was an ardent follower of Vedanta and frequently used Sanskrit terminology in his works. His meeting with the Hindu monk Swami Vivekananda in 1896, facilitated by actress Sarah Bernhardt, triggered his lifelong interest in the Vedas and Indian philosophy. faena.com/aleph/articles/…
Today I learned about Freeganism, an alternative philosophy for living, based on minimum participation in capitalism and conventional economic practices as well as limited consumption of capitalistic resources. Freegansβ€”at least in theoryβ€”avoid buying anything as an act of protest against the food system. wikipedia.org/wiki/Freega…
Kintsugi is the Japanese art of repairing broken pottery by mending the areas of breakage with lacquer dusted or mixed with powdered gold, silver, or platinum. As a philosophy, it treats breakage and repair as part of the history of an object, rather than something to disguise. youtu.be/TQW8t6w0Cy4
Geolibertarianism (Georgism) is a poltical philosophy which asserts the ONLY tax should be a land tax, and seeks to find balance with ecology. Famous proponents include Adam Smith, Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geo…
Inspired by a Renaissance writer who said "a well-rounded man should be an artist, a warrior and philosopher" JASON EVERMAN, original bassist for Nirvana, joined the US military, the Special Forces, studied under monks in Tibet and earned a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy from Columbia. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jas…
Vinylon, the fabric used in FjΓ€llrΓ€ven backpacks, is the national fabric of North Korea. Vinylon's widespread usage in North Korea is often pointed to as an example of the implementation of the juche philosophy (state ideology of North Korea), and it is known as the juche fiber. reuters.com/investigates/…
Emanuel Bronner, of "Dr. Bronner's" soaps, was so intent on spreading his "Moral ABC" philosophy, which now covers the product packaging, that he abandoned his 3 kids into the foster system so he didn't have to spend time taking care of them. inc.com/magazine/201204/t…
Epicureanism is a philosophy based on the teachings of Epicurus, founded around 307 B.C. It teaches that the greatest good is to seek modest pleasures in order to attain a state of tranquillity, freedom from fear ("ataraxia") and absence from bodily pain ("aponia"). pursuit-of-happiness.org/…
The Japanese practice of repairing broken pottery with gold or silver lacquer (Kintsukuroi) is based on the philosophy that the object is more beautiful because it was broken mymodernmet.com/kintsugi-…
A philosophy riddle from 1688 was recently solved. If a man born blind can feel the differences between shapes such as spheres and cubes, could he, if given the ability, distinguish those objects by sight alone? In 2003 five people had their sight restored though surgery, and, no they could not. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mol…
Jonathan Taylor Thomas, the '90s child actor also known simply as JTT, walked away from fame at the height of his career to study philosophy at Harvard. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon…
The French philosopher and mathematician Descartes was hired as a tutor by the Queen of Sweden, who insisted on philosophy lessons at 5 in the morning. Within a year of walking through the Swedish cold every morning, Descartes caught pneumonia and died. biography.com/people/ren-…
Today I learned about Leo Tolstoy's 1908 "A Letter to a Hindu," which had an indelible impact on Mohandes Gandhi's nonviolent resistance philosophy. Gandhi struck up a correspondence with Tolstoy after reading the letter, reprinted it in his own newspaper and even translated the letter to his native Gujarati. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_L…
Until the discovery of the New World scholars believed that Atlantis was a metaphor for teaching philosophy that began with Plato. After Columbus returned from his voyage, historians began identifying the Americas with Atlantis. Francis Bacon later adopted this view and wrote 'New Atlantis'. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loc…
Immanuel Kant had gone into a period of isolation and had not published anything philosophical for 11 years until finally revealing his most popular book and one of the greatest works in the history of philosophy: the Critique of Pure Reason. prussianhistory.com/imman…
The full term for Ph.D. is Doctor of Philosophy, and is therefore sometimes referred to as Dr.Phil. wikipedia.org/wiki/Doctor…
There is no surviving copy of the Republic - the most famous work of Zeno of Citium, the founder of Stoic philosophy. It was widely known in antiquity and quotes and paraphrases were preserved by later writers. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rep…
Lao Tzu is the one who said: "A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step" is a major figure in Chinese philosophy whose historical existence is debated. He is recognized as the founding father of Taoism. bbc.co.uk/worldservice/le…
"The Matrix" is based on the philosophy of Jean Baudrillard. However, after watching it he replied: "The Matrix is surely the kind of film about the matrix that the matrix would have been able to produce." theguardian.com/news/2007…
Kintsugiis the Japanese art of repairing broken pottery with precious metals. As a philosophy, it treats breakage and repair as part of the history of an object, rather than something to disguise. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kin…
Many skills important to philosophy are also important to law, in particular the abilities to make sense of abstract information and convoluted sentences, to construct arguments on both sides of a case, to anticipate objections and prepare replies, to spot fallacies and weaknesses in arguments askphilosophers.org/quest…
Philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein read detective pulps all his life, saying there was more wisdom in them then in the leading philosophy magazine of the time. He once wrote. β€œif the U.S.A. won’t give us detective mags we can’t give them philosophy”. mysteryfile.com/NDavis/Wi…
MIT's first president was a professor of natural philosophy who wanted a β€œnew polytechnic institute”. MIT was granted its official charter two days before the start of the Civil War and the first classes began in 1865 libraries.mit.edu/mithist…
Today I learned about unschooling. A educational philosophy that believes children should be able to do whatever they feel like doing all day to learn instead of being taught a specific curriculum. time4learning.com/homesch…
Today I learned of The Shaggs, a tone deaf and musically inept musical group from the 60s who were formed by their father, who was convinced they would one day become famous. They produced one album, Philosophy of the World, that, over time, became a highly sought after oddity by record collectors. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The…
That, while facing financial problems in 1987, a German hockey team accepted a sponsorship by Muammar Gaddafi, dictator of Libya, to advertise his Green Book on political philosophy wbur.org/onlyagame/2018/0…
In Stoic philosophy, pneuma is the concept of the "breath of life," a mixture of the elements air (in motion) and fire (as warmth). For the Stoics, pneuma is the active, generative principle that organizes both the individual and the cosmos. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pne…
Throughout history there were periodic seismic shifts in β€œculinary philosophy”—beliefs about health, the economy, politics, society and the gods. This prompted the construction of new cuisines, a handful of which, chosen as the cuisines of empires, came to dominate the globe ucpress.edu/book/97805202…
Today I learned of Friedrich Wilhelm Pester, who in the 1910’s introduced the philosophy of Lebensreform to California, the precursor to the 1960’s Hippy movement and today’s Extinction Rebellion. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wil…
Today I learned about solipsism, a school of thought in philosophy which holds that the only thing that one can be sure to exist is one’s mind, as every other experience is merely a product of that mind. iep.utm.edu/solipsis/
Dudeism is a religion, philosophy and lifestyle inspired by the The Dude in The Big Lebowski. The annual sacred high holy day of Dudeism (Day of the Dude) is on 6 March en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dud…
Bill Murray accepted his role in Ghostbusters only to finance a film which he had co-written. GB was the highest-grossing film of 1984, but Murray was so upset for the failure of the other film that he took 4 years off from acting to study philosophy and history at the Sorbonne, Paris. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bil…
Today I learned of the Nguni Bantu philosophy of Ubuntu which roughly translates to "I am because we are." It's a humanist philosophy from South Africa. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubu…

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