The Roman – Persian wars are the longest in history, lasting over 680 years. They began in 54 BC and ended in 628 AD. generatorfun.com/random-f…
Persian King Agha Mohammad Khan ordered the execution of two servants for being too loud. Since it was a holy day, he postponed their execution by a day and made the servants return to their duties. They murdered the king in his sleep that night. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agh…
More US soldiers were killed in combat in the Philippine-American War than the Spanish-American War, Persian Gulf War, Great Sioux War, the Nez Perce War, Kosovo, Somalia and the Bay of Pigs combined en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uni…
Today I learned of a natural phenomenon called radiative cooling which the ancient Persians exploited to create ice, even when temperatures were above freezing ted.com/talks/aaswath_ram…
The Royal Navy's fleet of six £1bn destroyers were initially unable to operate in warm waters such as the Persian Gulf theguardian.com/uk-news/2…
King Leonidas I of Sparta died today, September 19th, in 480BC. He was actually approximately 60 years old during the famed battle of Thermopylae against Xerxes' Persian Empire. ancient.eu/Leonidas_I/
The hedgehog was a holy animal for Persian Zoroastrians, and most houses had one living there to keep away ants, vipers and evil spirits avesta.org/vendidad/vd13s…
Alexander the Great arranged a mass wedding for his Macedonian soldiers to marry Persian women to unite the regions called the Susa Wedding. After Alexander died, all the men except two divorced their Persian wives. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sus…
The word "checkmate" is derived from the Persian shāh māt ("the king is helpless"). en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che…
Persian Emperor Nader Shah plundered so much loot during his invasion of Mughal India that he stopped taxation of Iran for the next 3 years en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nad…
In ancient times, the Persians referred to Greece as Yunan, a form of Ionian, a Greek tribe in Anatolia. Because this tribe was the easternmost group of Greeks, they were among the first encountered by the Persians. Therefore all Greeks were known as Ionian, or Yunan. hellenisteukontos.opoudji…
Because of his own reforms to the Turkish language (removing loanwords from Arabic and Persian), Atatürk's own speech to parliament has to be retranslated to modern Turkish to be understood. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tur…
During the Battle of Issus, while pursuing the fleeing Persian king Darius III, Alexander the Great and his men filled a ravine in with dead Persian soldiers in order to continue their chase. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bat…
Ancient Persians used to hold government deliberations twice. Once when drunk, then again while everyone was sober. perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/…
The Greek tyrant Histiaeus sent a secret message by shaving a slave's head, tattooing the message on the slave's scalp, and waiting for the hair to grow back. The slave was then sent to Histiaeus' son-in-law, who followed his secret direction to revolt against the Persians. heritage-history.com/inde…
Alexander the Great was 22 when he was granted generalship and began his conquest on the Persian (Achaemenid) Empire... en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ale…
The US Postal Service creed "Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds" is a translation of the phrase by ancient Greek historian Herodotus which referred to mounted Persian postal couriers around 500BC en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uni…
Pomegranates have diverse cultural-religious significance, as a symbol of life and fertility owing to their many seeds but also as a symbol of power (imperial orb), blood and death. Pomegranates already symbolised fertility, beauty and eternal life, in Greek and Persian mythology. alimentarium.org/en/knowl…
After their victory at the Battle of Marathon, the Greeks carved a statue of Nemesis (the goddess who punishes the arrogant) out of an enormous block of marble that the Persians had brought to the battle with the intention of carving a monument to their victory over the Greeks. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rha…
The Persian Army brought an immense block of marble to the Battle of Marathon, intending to build a monument of their victory. Captured by the Greeks, they sculpted a statue of Nemesis, the goddess who cuts down those with too much pride en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nem…
Today I learned about the use of fire trenches by Iraqi forces as they retreated from Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War. As part of their scorched earth policy, they filled trenches in the desert with oil and set them on fire to slow the advance of coalition tanks and other heavy weaponry. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuw…
The Persian Empire counted how many soldiers in a battle died through counting the arrows that each soldier would place in a basket before a battle. When the soldiers came back, they each picked up an arrow and the remaining arrows would be counted to calculate the total amount of deaths warhistoryonline.com/inst…
By share of population, the largest empire was the Achaemenid Empire, better known as the Persian Empire, which accounted for approximately 49.4 million of the world’s 112.4 million people in around 480 BC guinnessworldrecords.com/…
Today I learned of Sisamnes, a corrupt judge in the Persian Empire (525 BC). After accepting a bribe, the king had him arrested and skinned alive. His skin was then used to cover the seat from which judgments were made. His own son 'Otanes' then replaced him as judge. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sis…
In 525 BC, the Battle of Pelusium marked Egypt’s decisive defeat by the Persians and a milestone of psychological warfare. As Eygptian considered cats as sacred, the Persian Army used Cats as a shield. The Egyptians did not dare to shoot their arrows for fear of wounding the animals. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bat…
Today I learned of Yazdegard I, a Persian Shah so friendly with the Romans that he even became the guardian of a young emperor. His peaceful reign earned the ire of nobles who longed for the glory days of constant war with the Romans. wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdeg…
Persian leader Cyrus the Great liberated the Jewish people from captivity in Babylon 538 BCE. Isaiah 45:1 of the Hebrew Bible even refers to him as a messiah and he is the only non-Jewish figure in the Bible to be called so. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyr…
In 525 BCE, the Persian king Cambyses II won a battle against the Egyptian Army using cats. Mid battle, he painted the goddess Bastet, protector of cats, on his shield and released live cats onto the battlefield. The Egyptians' ingrained reverence for cats won out, and the army surrendered. ancient.eu/article/43/the…
The country name "Pakistan" was proposed by Rahmat Ali of Cambridge University as an acronym of Punjab, Afghan Province, Kashmir, Sindh, and Balochistan, while "Pak" means "pure" and "-stan" means country in Persian open.ac.uk/researchprojec…
The literal translation of “popcorn” into Persian is “Elephant’s Fart” awesomeinventions.com/fun…
Many countries end in the word -istan because "stan" is an ancient Persian word that means "land" worldatlas.com/aatlas/inf…
Alexander the Great's father likely built gymnasiums in order to supercharge his elite warrior class in preparation for an invasion of the Persian Empire. smithsonianmag.com/histor…
Persians figured out ways to collect and store ice and make it usable all year round over 2000 years ago in the desert! en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yak…
The best-selling English translations of Rumi, the famous 13th Century Persian poet, were done by a woefully underqualified man who doesn't know Persian; never studied Islam or Sufism; took extreme liberties with the original texts; and omitted much of the Islamic references and context newyorker.com/books/page-…
In 1990, Nayirah al-Ṣabaḥ, daughter of the Kuwaiti ambassador to the US, gave a false testimony which galvanized support for the first Persian Gulf War en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nay…
Before a key battle in Alexander the Great's campaign in Persia, the Persian king offered Alexander generous terms for peace. One of Alexander's generals is said to have remarked: "I would accept the terms, if I were you". Alexander responded: "So would I, if I were you". He won. hellenicaworld.com/Greece…
After the Persian King Khosrow razed the Byzantine city of Antioch he moved the citizens to a new city he name Wēh Antīōk Khosrow literally, "better than Antioch, Khosrow built this" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weh…
In ancient world there was a horse breed so valued and sought after, they were the official mounts of Persian kings, Spartans treated them as treasures, and Han Chinese invaded a Greek city state for them en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nis…
Almost all the people of Xanthos, an ancient Lycian city in Anatolia, committed mass suicide in two events 500 years apart to avoid capture, first by the Persians and then by the Romans lycianturkey.com/lycian_s…
The Spartan Pausanias was accused of treason for conspiring with the Persians, but seeked refuge in a temple so he couldn't be tried and executed while inside. His mother went to the temple to lay the first brick at the door, which was sealed until he died of starvation en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pau…
Cyrus the Great's tomb (c.530BC) once read "O man, whoever you are and wherever you come from, for I know you will come, I am Cyrus who won the Persians their empire. Do not therefore begrudge me this bit of earth that covers my bones." You can still visit the tomb. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyr…
Heels were first made by the Persian cavalry to keep stability while shooting arrows. It later became popular in Europe as masculine symbol until 1630 when women followed the fashion. First a military asset then a masculine symbol and now feminine. bbc.com/news/magazine-211…
By 400 BC, Persian engineers had mastered the technique of storing ice in the middle of summer in the desert. eartharchitecture.org/?p=…
Persians were whiter than the sun-tanned Greeks as described by Xenophanes. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whi…
By 400 BC, Persian engineers had mastered the technique of storing ice in the middle of summer in the desert en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yak…
The Persian empire was founded by Cyrus the Great. Cyrus first conquered the Median Empire in 550 BC and then went on to conquer the Lydians and the Babylonians. Under later kings, the empire would grow to where it ruled Mesopotamia, Egypt, Israel, and Turkey. ducksters.com/history/mes…
There have been at least 5 different Battles of Thermopylae aside from the one famously fought between the Greeks and Persians (popularized by "300") in 480 BC. The most recent of these battles was between the ANZACs and the Wermacht in 1941. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bat…
Today I learned of the Royal Road - a 1600 mile long road spanning the Persian Empire, allowing messengers to travel across the Empire in 9 days. The messengers were so fast, the inspired Herodotus to write "Neither snow nor rain..." that is thought to be the USPS Creed en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy…
In Greek, the phrase "it's all Greek to me" is "Αυτά μου φαίνονται κινέζικα" - "this strikes me as Chinese". In Persian, the language referred to is Japanese, in Slovak it's Spanish, and in Chinese, it's Martian. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gre…
When Ancient Greece repeatedly defeated the Persian Empire, it was a population of around 500,000 vs 50 million. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gre…

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