A Judas goat is a trained goat that herds or leads its peers. In stockyards, a Judas goat will lead sheep to slaughter, while its own life is spared. Judas goats can also be used by hunters to find and capture feral herds. There are also Judas steers for cows. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jud…
For elections to the British House of Lords, hereditary peers (nobles who inherit their titles from their family) need only to submit a personal statement in order to run. One such peer, the Earl of Limerick, submitted his in the form of a poem. irishexaminer.com/news/ar…
No peer-reviewed attempt to replicate the Stanford Prison Experiment have reproduced the results, leading to allegations of fraud. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sta…
Unlike previously posted here on TIL, Victorian-Era doctors didn't invent vibrators to give hysterical women Orgasms - it was a failure of reporting and lack of Peer Review theatlantic.com/health/ar…
People all over the world believe chocolate can help you lose weight because a Journalist Scammed The Media Into Spreading Bad Chocolate Science to prove a point about non peer reviewed science articles. npr.org/sections/thesalt/…
Today I learned of Ignaz Semmelweis, who was a pioneer in the practice of hand-washing before performing hospital procedures; however, despite greatly reducing patient death rates, he was ridiculed by his medical peers and eventually was committed to an asylum and died after being beaten by guards. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ign…
An anonymous biologist managed to get a fake scientific research paper accepted into four supposedly peer-reviewed science journals, to expose the problem of predatory journals. He based the paper on a notoriously bad Star Trek episode where characters turned into weird amphibian-people. io9.gizmodo.com/fake-rese…
Spotify previously (2008-2014) ran off of a P2P (peer to peer) file sharing network npr.org/sections/therecor…
Skrillex's 'Scary Monsters and Nice Sprites' acts as a mosquito repellent. A study found that females mosquitos exposed to the album attacked hosts much later than their non-exposed peers en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sca…
German WWI ace German pilot Oswald Boelcke was so respected by his peers that the British Royal Flying Corps dispatched an aircraft to drop a wreath over his home airfield. He was so influential that his dogfighting tactics are still used today in modern aerial warfare. airspacemag.com/military-…
The youngest person to have a research paper published in a peer-reviewed medical journal is Emily Rosa (aged 9 at the time). Her paper set showed how the Human Energy Field and 'Therapeutic Touch' was largely quackery en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emi…
In the 1920s, as a joke, newly hired engineers at General Electric would be told to develop a frosted lightbulb, which the experienced engineers believed to be impossible. In 1925, newly hired Marvin Pipkin got the assignment, and astonished his peers by succeeding. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sni…
Today I learned of Maud de Braose and her son William who were starved to death by King John of England (of Robin Hood fame). Their deaths prompted "Clause 39" of the Magna Carta demanding fair trials and jury of peers. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mau…
Bill Gates founded a nonprofit ed-tech initiative that created peer-reviewed, openly licensed textbooks, which are available in free digital formats and for a low cost in print. Instructors are free to use, adapt, and remix the content of those textbooks. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ope…
Google sought out to make the most efficient teams by studying their employees. Named 'Project Aristotle' the research found Psychological Safety to be the most important factor in a successful team. That is an ability to take risk without fear of judgement from peers. nytimes.com/2016/02/28/ma…
"Tall Poppy Syndrome" describes aspects of a culture where people of high status are resented, attacked, cut down, strung up or criticised because they have been classified as superior to their peers. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tal…
Students who have been in DARE classes are more likely to use drugs than their non-DARE peers content.time.com/time/nat…
Winamp developers created the peer to peer network software behind many popular file sharing programs such as LimeWire and Morpheus. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnu…
A ten-year psychological study found that men who kissed their wives before leaving for work lived, on average, five years longer, earning 20 to 30 percent more than peers who left without a kiss. time.com/2800319/how-to-b…
For juveniles in correctional facilities, exposure to peers with a history of committing a particular crime increases the probability that an individual who has already committed the same type of crime recidivates with that crime. nber.org/papers/w12932.pd…
During WWII the Japanese submitted multiple ground breaking studies to peer reviewed journals they said were conducted on monkeys. In reality they were conducted on humans as part of Japan's infamous Unit 731 projects. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uni…
Spree-killer Anders Breivik is thought to have β€œnarcissistic decompensation”, which is when a narcissist takes a hit to their self-esteem, like being rejected by a peer group. Then they isolate themselves from collective thinking, and move into a paranoid disorder. independent.co.uk/life-st…
Viking loved to give their peers funny identifying nicknames like ' Skagi the Ruler of S**' 'Kolbeinn Butter Penis' ' HerjΓ³lfr Shriveled Testicle' or ' Eysteinn Foul-Fart' mentalfloss.com/article/7…
Today I learned about Fred Hoyle: a "rude" scientist who lead a key discovery in origin of elements but was not awarded a Nobel prize which went to his peers alone theguardian.com/science/2…
Scientific American magazine welcome essays from writers and scholars at all levels, from grad students and postdocs to senior researchers. However, articles must present ideas that have already been published and peer-reviewed as they do not publish new theories or results of original research scientificamerican.com/pa…
Today I learned about Alexander Thynn, 7th Marquess of Bath. A British peer who paints erotic scenes from the Kama Sutra on the walls of his estate, has openly had sexual relations with over seventy women during his marriage, many of them live in estate cottages, and he refers to them as wifelets. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ale…
The doctor that proposed medical professionals should wash their hands before handling patients was so mocked by his peers that he suffered from a nervous breakdown. He was committed to a mental institution, dying from a septic wound that was not treated properly. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ign…
Deep in the Amazon rainforest there exists a rare breed of dog that has two noses. When Col. Percy Fawcett described it after returning from a 1913 expedition to the area, he was teased and ridiculed by his peers. news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_ne…
A number of studies have shown that teenagers who abstain from sex are more likely to graduate from high school and attend college than their sexually active peers. However, it is unclear whether this association represents a causal relationship or can be explained by unmeasured heterogeneity ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
In Classical Athens, the citizen peers would cast their vote by writing the name of the person they deemed a threat to democracy on a sherd of pottery called an ostracon thus giving rise to the term ostracism. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ost…
Austin Post (aka Post Malone) was voted "Most Likely to Become Famous" by his high school peers. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pos…
US Fighter Pilots don't get to choose their call-signs. They're chosen by their peers and whether they like them or not, they're permanent. youtube.com/watch?v=I5w_5…
After Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong was a UC aeronautical engineering professor for almost a decade. Most faculty and students respectfully avoided mentioning his past accomplishments, but student outliers would climb on each other’s shoulders to peer into his office window magazine.uc.edu/issues/04…
At least two peer-reviewed medical studies have suggested that stickers of Mr. Yuk, the green face used to label poisonous household objects, do not effectively keep children away from potential poisons and may even attract children. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mr.…
Scared Straight Program does not work. Punishment and fear are not the best approaches to reducing juvenile crime. One of several successful ways is to remain aware of peer influence and to focus on building positive relationships. [example of Scared Straight in the comment] strategiesforyouth.org/fo…
The Offspring wanted to release their album 'Conspiracy Of One' (2000) from their website as a free download stating that 'peer-to-peer downloads don't hurt sales' until their label threatened to sue. en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/C…
That, unlike humans, bonobos are partial to their meaner peers opposed to the helpful ones. They see the act of dominance as a ticket to accessing various resources and mating opportunities! npr.org/sections/health-s…
In 2005, Rob Schneider ripped critic Patrick Goldstein for panning Deuce Bigalow 2, stating Goldstein was unqualified to judge when he had never even been awarded by his peers. Roger Ebert's response? "As chance would have it, I have won the Pulitzer Prize... Mr. Schneider, your movie sucks". time.com/time/arts/articl…
The infamous BO-like smell of Limburger cheese is equally as effective at attracting mosquitos as the smell of a human foot, according to a peer-tested medical review. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lim…
In a study of almost 500 students that examined how gifted students are viewed by their peers, gifted boys were found to be the most popular, gifted girls the least. tandfonline.com/doi/abs/1…
British peers lose their right to vote for their Member of Parliament in the House of Commons when they are appointed to the House of Lords bbc.com/news/election-201…
Tall Poppy Syndrome is a tendency to resent, attack, cut down, or criticise people of genuine merit because their talents or achievements distinguish them from their peers en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tal…
Peer-review processes may take more than one year to an article to be finally published. undsci.berkeley.edu/artic…
Some psychologists found that people who are cooler in high school were found to have not matured as much in later life than their "uncool" peers psychologytoday.com/blog/…
In 1929, educator Louis P. Benezet, creator of the 3 R's, conducted an education experiment where arithmetic would only be introduced in 6th grade. With only one year of training, these students performed equal to their peers on simple calculations and considerably better on story problems. psychologytoday.com/blog/…
Peer Review Is Impossible To Define In Operational Terms - It Is 'Like poetry, love, or justice' ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
The saying "Geronimo!" originated from a military test parachuter trying to prove he wasn't scared, after being mocked by his peers the day prior. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ger…
Skype was made in Estonia, is an abbreviation of 'Sky Peer to Peer', and 44% of its developers still work in Tallinn, the Estonian capital. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sky…
In January scientists reported a simple way to turn almost any kind of cell into stem cells. These findings were invalidated in peer review. The lead researcher, Haruko Obokata, was found guilty of misconduct, the papers were retracted, and her supervisor and co-author hanged himself. wired.com/2014/12/best-an…
From 2008-13, a tech journalist made his son play through mainstream videogames dating back to the 1970s in chronological order. The objective was to find out whether the experiment made his son appreciate lo-fi modern indie games like Spelunky and FTL more than his peers - it did. medium.com/message/playin…
In 1998, Emily Rosa became the youngest person to have a research paper published in a peer reviewed medical journal en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emi…
Sylvan Goldman invented the shopping cart once he found out customers stopped shopping once their basket was too heavy. He then hired attractive men and women to use the carts to peer pressure others to use them. mentalfloss.com/article/2…
One of the few peer-reviewed surveys of casualties in the Iraq War estimates the death toll to be 654,965β€”ten times higher than surveys done by the US Department of Defence brusselstribunal.org/pdf/…
A large number of Chinese fled into North Korea in the 1880s due to drought and famine in their home provinces. Like their North Korean peers, Chinese children received free education in Chinese schools where they learned both Chinese and Korean globaltimes.cn/content/79…
Astronomer Ptolemy thought that the gods, out of curiosity/boredom, would peer down at the earth from between the spheres; when this happened, stars would slip out of this gap, flashing towards the earth. Shooting stars meant that the gods are now paying attention to whatever you would wish for. blogs.loc.gov/inside_adam…
A 2008 University of Pennsylvania peer reviewed study found Dachshunds to be one of the top 3 aggressive dog breeds amongst strangers and other dogs. 140.122.143.143/yuyinghs/…
Peer reviewed research suggests that homophobic men tend to be sexually attracted to gay porn. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed…
Led Zeppelin stole many of 'their' early songs and DID NOT credit the artists they stole from, which lead to peers and critics calling them "ripoffs." vimeo.com/14912890
There is an anonymous, offline, peer to peer file-sharing network by embedding USB flash drives into walls, buildings and curbs in public spaces. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB…
A published peer reviewed study examined the composition of 8 different fast food chain burgers. Water content by weight ranged from 37.7% to 62.4%. Meat content in the hamburgers ranged from 2.1% to 14.8%. Tissue types found in some hamburgers included bone, cartilage, and plant material. annalspathology.com/artic…
The Skype was initially named as β€œSky peer-to-peer”, which was then abbreviated to β€œSkyper”. fullforms.com/Skype
Skype would have named it "Skyper" because the software is derived from "Sky peer-to-peer. However, some of the domain names associated with "Skyper" were already taken. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sky…
There is an entirely offline peer sharing program. It's called "Dead Drops," essentially usb sticks free for anybody to use, and placed in random locations around the world. deaddrops.com/dead-drops/…
The doctor that proposed medical professionals should wash their hands before handling patients was so mocked by his peers that he suffered from a nervous breakdown. He was committed to a mental institution, dying from a septic wound that was not treated properly. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ign…
In 1958 LIFE magazine published an article comparing the lives of Russian and American schoolboys. The Russian boy had more hobbies and spent a lot more time studying, something his American peer wasn't interested in at all. Shortly after the US decided to reform its educational system. englishrussia.com/2010/05…
The guideline that you should drink 8 glasses of water a day has no scientific basis. "According to peer-reviewed surveys the mean daily intake of water is much less than the recommended 8 glasses and there is definitely not a dehydration epidemic going on." piecubed.co.uk/water-into…
In 2006 a Conservative peer said Jamie Oliver must encourage schoolchildren to eat Gray Squirrels in an effort to save the endangered red species news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_po…
Only one of Einstein's papers was ever peer reviewed. It was rejected. And rightly so, because the paper was in fact fundamentally flawed. But rather than correcting the paper, Einstein simply submitted it to a different journal. scitation.aip.org/content…
Male physicians have a suicide rate 1.41 times their non-physician peers, and female physicians have a rate 2.27 times that of their peers. Further, 28% of residents experience a major depressive episode during training, compared to 7-8% of non-residents of similar age. afsp.org/wp-content/uploa…
A Peer Reviewed Published Study Showed Kids with Reduced Breathing Capacity is Linked to Early Pesticide Exposure thorax.bmj.com/content/71…
Pharmaceutical giant Merck paid academic publisher Elsevier to publish six supposedly peer reviewed independent journals, which actually contained only disguised marketing material for Merck's own products. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aus…
NASA has a 747 called SOFIA, containing an Infra-Red telescope, used to peer at the black hole at the centre of our universe. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Str…
Capuchin Monkeys reject fruit from researchers if they consider it inferior to the fruit being received by its peers. youtube.com/watch?v=meiU6…
Peer to Peer sharing makes up for between 43 and 70 percent of all Internet Traffic en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bit…
There is an anonymous, offline, peer to peer file-sharing network in public space where USB flash drives are embedded into walls, buildings and curbs accessible to anybody. deaddrops.com/dead-drops/…
Christopher Columbus did not believe the Earth to be flat, and neither did his peers, nor most educated people throughout the Middle Ages en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/F…
A physics professor published an article in a peer reviewed academic journal that argued quantum theory is a social construct. He did this to expose the bias in certain academic circles. nytimes.com/1996/05/18/ny…
Wikipedia has its own peer review and ranking system that an article must go through to become a featured article (0.1% of articles have achieved 'featured' status). en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wik…
Baseball legend Ty Cobb was so hated by his peers that St. Louis Browns manager Jack O'Connor allowed the Cleveland Indians' Nap Lajoie to get eight consecutive bunt hits against his team in an effort to deny Cobb the 1910 Chalmers Award. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/191…
The RIAA sued Verizon because Verizon refused to reveal the identity of a customer that was using Peer-to-Peer services to share music. w2.eff.org/legal/cases/RI…
The "pressure" on women to have thin bodies may not from the media, but from their competition within their peer groups psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm…
When Neil Armstrong became professor at Cincinnati, some students would climb on each other's shoulders to peer into his office. In response, the university removed his name plate and out of the directory. magazine.uc.edu/issues/04…
Young adults who frequently attend religious services are 50 percent more likely than their non-religious peers to become obese by middle age. northwestern.edu/newscent…
Yemen has a Children's Parliament whose members are elected by their peers every two years and have the power to cross-examine government ministers and officials. sbs.com.au/news/article/2…
There is a peer-to-peer filesharing network consisting of USB flash drives embedded into walls around the world deaddrops.com/blog/
Most people in western cultures, when asked, rate themselves better than average (ranging from driving skills to personality) whereas people in non-western cultures like japan tend to rate themselves lower, but rate their family and peers highe priceonomics.com/why-do-w…
An ancient Greek Philosopher, Philitas of Cos, is said (by his peers) to have died of pedantry while pointing out all the flaws in his peers' arguments. While less interesting, he actually died of a wasting disease. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phi…
An international healthcare analysis group concluded that there is β€œlittle empirical evidence to support the use of editorial peer review as a mechanism to ensure quality of biomedical research, despite its widespread use and costs thenewatlantis.com/public…
There is an academic peer reviewed journal dedicated to the study of sequential art called The Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics tandfonline.com/toc/rcom2…
In 1998, 11 year old Emily Rosa was the youngest person ever to have a paper published in a peer reviewed medical journal. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emi…
Bullet ants are smart enough to recognize and carry their diseased peers away to prevent an outbreak that would devastate their colony. youtube.com/watch?v=XuKjB…
Wikipedia was originally a side-project of Nupedia which involves a lot of peer-reviewing. Wikipedia was just a step before peer-reviewing process which other people could collaborate to. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nup…
There's an offline anonymous peer to peer sharing system called Dead Drops, where USB keys are hidden in public for public use. wimp.com/offlinenetwork/
The word "lobbying" comes from the gathering of MPs and peers with people who wanted to influence their decisions in the "lobbies" of the UK Houses of Parliament before and after parliamentary debates. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lob…
Merck established and funded the "Australasian Journal of Bone & Joint Medicine": a periodical designed to look like a peer-reviewed medical journal, but was in reality a phony publication used as a marketing tool to present favorable reports of Merck products. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aus…
A french urban planner presented a city plan with heli-pads on residences to a conference of peers in 1910, before helicopters existed. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug…

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