Commerical Flight Attendants and Pilots are 4x more likely to get cancer in their lifetime, because of the time they spend flying, with a thinner atmosphere and more solar particles. They recive 3x more radiation a year than a nuclear plant employee ehjournal.biomedcentral.c…
Today I learned about contronyms, single words that have contradictory meanings like dust (to add particles, or to remove particles) dailywritingtips.com/75-c…
The boson, which is often referred to in the U.S. popular media's the "god-particle" is named after Satyenda Nath Bose, who was not only a contemporary of Einstein, but was also his collaborator in developing Bose-Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sat…
Some lab employees at CERN, the largest particle physics laboratory in the world, carried out a β€œprank” where they staged a human sacrifice in front of their statue of shiva en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CER…
The size and number of holes in Swiss cheese, also known as "eyes", can be controlled by adjusting the number of hay particles in milk used to make cheese. scientificamerican.com/ar…
If the universe had one dimension of space and three dimensions of time instead of the other way around, the speed of light would be the LOWER limit of speed instead of the upper limit. Thus, everything would be made of tachyons - theoretical faster-than-light particles. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant…
Many snow globes are made with antifreeze in the globe to help slow down fake snowflake particles while they float. whiskerdocs.com/toxins/sn…
J.J. Thomson won the Nobel in Physics in 1906 when he showed electrons were particles. His son G. P. Thomson won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1937 for showing that electrons are waves. chemistryworld.com/cultur…
In 1978, a Soviet scientist named Anatoli Bugorski stuck his head in a particle accelerator that sent a beam of protons traveling at nearly the speed of light straight through his head. He survived with half his face paralysed & deafness in one ear, completing his doctorate shortly after. amusingplanet.com/2020/02…
Today I learned about Virophages, small virus-like particles that hijack the reproductive process of larger viruses for their own reproduction, and in the process sometimes deactivate the larger virus and help fight infections en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vir…
The hottest known substance in the universe is actually created on Earth at the Large Hadron Collider. When gold particles are smashed together, for a split second temperatures can reach up to 7.2 trillion degrees Fahrenheit, which is hotter than a supernova. futurism.com/what-is-the-…
Baader Planetarium in Germany manufactures a filter film for safe viewing of the sun. This precision film was made in laboratories for nuclear and particle physic and its reflective property reduces intensity of sunlight by over 99.999%. The Sun appears in its real color - neutral white agenaastro.com/baader-ast…
Legos last up to 1300 years, clogging up the earth’s oceans. Along with garbage such as plastic bottles and bags, ocean surfaces contain more of these plastic particles than larval fish. In commercial fishing seas, fishing nets collect over 10,000 pieces of plastic in an average 5 minute tow. sciencedirect.com/science…
A photosensitive drum, charged by a corona wire, inside a photocopier machine, carries an electrical shadow of the letters to be copied towards the toner, where the toner particles stick to the shadow and then transfered to white blank paper. youtu.be/Sy5PPaxaBCI
Slugs have around 27,000 microscopic teeth. These teeth are known as radula and grate/scrape food particles whilst the slug’s jaw cuts off larger pieces of food- like a leaf to be rasped by the radula. nhm.org/stories/microscop…
Mice with vision enhanced by nanotechnology can see both infrared and visible light. A single injection of nano-particles in the mice's eyes gave them infrared vision for around 10 weeks with minimal side effects. phys.org/news/2019-02-nan…
The cameras onboard the Voyager 1 spacecraft can still be turned back on, but it is not a priority for its Interstellar Mission. The cameras were turned off to save power and memory for the instruments expected to detect the new charged particle environment of interstellar space. voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/freq…
Today I learned of Project Valkyrie: a theorized lightweight interstellar spacecraft that could attain 92% lightspeed. Components are tethered, with the crew 10 km away from the antimatter engine. A system would spray liquid droplets in front of the craft to shield against interstellar dust particles. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pro…
In WW1, glow worms were gathered and used in lamps to light the trenches. Also, due to their extreme ability to detect particles in the air, slugs were used to detect gas attacks. If the slugs closed their breathing spires and contracted, troops would know to put on their gas masks taskandpurpose.com/histor…
Quebec engineering students invented a giant vacuum to clean up microplastics from beaches. At about 3 gallons/minute, it sucks sand into a tank which then separates particles by weight, so plastic can be filtered out. fastcompany.com/90366838/…
Today I learned of heat death, where the universe will eventually turn into a cold void with no interactions between particles, its ultimate death realclearscience.com/blog…
All raindrops have a speck of dirt inside them. Raindrops can only form when they have something to condense on to, thus the need for a particle of dirt. pmm.nasa.gov/education/vi…
N95 masks work like spider webs by using inter-molecular forces and electrostatic attraction to stick particles to the fibers. youtube.com/watch?v=eAdan…
There is an optical phenomena called Halo that's basically a colorful ring around things like the sun and the moon, and it's caused for an specifically type of cloud with a certain organization of its particles britannica.com/science/ha…
Klystron (linear beam vacuum tubes used in particle accelerators) comes from the Greek verb klyzo - referring to the action of waves breaking against a shore. wikipedia.org/wiki/Klystr…
You shouldn't pre-wash dishes before putting them in the dishwasher; modern detergent is designed with enzymes that bind to food particles, so it works best against dirtier dishware. While you should remove large pieces of food, those who pre-wash dishes waste up to 6,000 gallons per year. goodhousekeeping.com/home…
The N 'N95' means Not resistant to oil. Used when oil particulates are not present. There are other masks R (Resistant to oil) and P (oil Proof). The 95 means it filters out at least 95% of airborne particles including large and small particles wikipedia.org/wiki/NIOSH_…
"pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis" is a 45-letter word that refers to a lung disease caused by silica particles. corgin.co.uk/blog/pneumon…
Gravity is the only fundamental force that does not have a clear explanation at the quantum level. Sub-atomic particles like electrons can be used to explain the other three forces. The existence of a graviton particle is theorized but has yet to be proven. space.com/quantum-gravity…
Even at 0 Kelvin (absolute zero), atoms continue to vibrate due the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, which states that a particle's momentum cannot be precisely determined if its position is known, and vice versa. Basically, because the atom's position is known at 0K, its momentum can't be theglobeandmail.com/techn…
Georges Charpak was awarded the 1992 Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention and development of particle detectors. In 1944 he was deported to the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau, where he remained until the camp was liberated in 1945 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geo…
A theoretical particle called a tachyon exists, it has many theoretical properties such as moving faster than light and the ability to go back in time. scientificamerican.com/ar…
Today I learned of Anatoli Bugorski; the only person in history to be shot at point blank range by a particle accelerator. He received 400 times the lethal dose of radiation, made a near full recovery and is still alive today, over 40 years later. chemeurope.com/en/encyclo…
Imbuing N95 face masks with copper oxide particles significantly reduces the risk of transmission of the novel-type of flu viruses ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
A Russian graduate student, Anatoli Bugorski, in the course of his research was struck in the head by a particle accelerator's beam. He survived and completed his Ph.D. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ana…
The "N" in N95 masks means they do [N]ot filter oil-based particles very well, like certain viruses. ellessco.com/blog/2019/12…
The Murchison meteorite's silicon carbide particles are 7 billion years old, 2.5 billion years older than the 4.54 billion years age of the Earth and the solar system, and the oldest material found on Earth to date. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mur…
The highest-energy particle (at time of measurement in 1991) had the energy equivalent of a baseball traveling at 58mph (94km/h). There's evidence it was a single proton. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oh-…
Today I learned about the Particle Data Group's Particle Listings, which is a list of the characteristics and details of more than 150 observed and proposed particles pdg.lbl.gov/2019/listings…
Earth's magnetic field extends from the Earth's interior out into space, where it interacts with the solar wind, a stream of charged particles emanating from the Sun. The magnetic field is generated by electric currents from the motion of convection currents of molten iron in the Earth's core. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ear…
The HEPA filter was conceived during WWII to guard soldiers and scientists, especially those working on the Manhattan Project, from radioactive particles. cooperhewitt.org/2018/12/…
Robert Millikan disliked Einstein's results about light consisting of particles (photons) and carefully designed experiments to disprove them, but ended up confirming the particle nature of light, and earned a Nobel Prize for that. scienceblogs.com/principl…
Today I learned that "went" used to be the past tense of "wend" not go. Go's past particle was gaed. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Go_…
The Earth gets stricken by a particle that travels 99.999999999+ % the speed of light every once in a while, said particle is very small and massless and comes from Ursa Major. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oh-…
At the subatomic level, space is never truly empty. It is filled with a writhing, active population of "Virtual Particles" that pop in and out of existence. Physicists call this β€œquantum foam”. Physicists theorize fluctuations from this field of energy may have given rise to the Universe. pbs.org/wgbh/nova/article…
Earth's magnetic field prevents the atmosphere from being stripped away by solar wind which is a powerful stream of charged particles radiating from the Sun. Mars also has a magnetic field but it is considered not as effective as Earth's in deflecting solar wind. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sol…
The Bose-Einstein condensate is a fifth state of matter, which is formed when a gas of boson particles at a low density are cooled to near absolute zero. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bos…
Nanoscale gold particles are not the yellow color with which we are familiar; nanoscale gold can appear red or purple. At the nanoscale, the motion of the gold's electrons is confined. Because this movement is restricted, gold nanoparticles react differently with light. nano.gov/nanotech-101/spe…
You should not vacuum your house during a bushfire smoke event. Doing so will stir up smoke particles that have settled making the air quality in your house worse. airnow.gov/index.cfm?acti…
Today I learned about the Venus flytrap sea anemone is a large sea anemone that resembles the more well-known terrestrial Venus flytrap. It closes its tentacles to capture prey or to protect itself. It is a deep ocean species, and it feeds on food particles as they drift by in ocean currents. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ven…
According to UN data, Rajshahi in Bangladesh, did more than any other city worldwide to rid itself of air particles so harmful to human health. Rajshahi does not have a large industrial area, and it is too poor to have streets clogged with cars theguardian.com/world/201…
In the 1970s, physicists used a diapered ferret to assist them in cleaning the inside of a particle accelerator. The ferret, named Felicia, made dozens of runs before retiring as a pet on a mink farm. atlasobscura.com/articles…
Today I learned about the Oh-My-God Particle, a proton traveling at about 99.99999999999999999999951% the speed of light. It is the fastest moving object ever recorded and as it hit the atmosphere it carried the kinetic energy equivalent to a baseball traveling at 50MPH, all in one particle. phys.org/news/2011-06-oh-…
Particle physicist John Ellis lost a bet and had to include the word "penguin" in his next scientific paper. After struggling to find a way to include the word, he "smoked some illegal substance" which gave him the inspiration for the now important Penguin Diagrams. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pen…
85% of the universe is thought to be made up of wimps. Weakly-interacting massive particles that cannot be measured by any scientific instrument we currently posses. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dar…
China achieved quantum entanglement -- when two particles in quantum superposition are linked so that if one is measured it instantly determines the state of the other object -- over a distance of 1200 kilometers, with one entangled proton on Earth and the other on a satellite. sciencemag.org/news/2017/…
Pencils cannot be used in space because the graphite dust and particles they generate pose fire, puncture and inhalation hazards in a low-gravity, high-oxygen environment. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wri…
The main protagonist in Breaking Bad is nicknamed after the Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, a law in physics/chemistry that states that the position of a particle (e.g. electron) can only be predicted to a limited extent, akin to Walter White's behaviour that is often unpredictable youtube.com/watch?v=TQKEL…
The ATLAS Experiment, a particle accelerator experiment instrumental in the discovery of the Higgs Boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in 2012, also has a historically terrible acronym: ATLAS stands for "A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATL…
The United States spent more than $2 billion digging 24km of tunnels in Texas for a particle accelerator similar in scope to CERN, only to abandon the project. scientificamerican.com/ar…
The Higgs Boson's media nickname "The God Particle" came from physicist Leon Lederman. He wrote a book and wanted it titled "The Goddamn Particle", poking fun at how hard it was to find. The publishers changed the title to "The God Particle" and the nickname stuck. businessinsider.com/why-t…
Researchers at Cornell analyzing Youtube videos of heavy metal concerts found that mosh pits model the behavior of gas particles in equilibrium. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2…
JJ Thomson, a famous physicist who lived from 1856-1940 and who was known for identifying the electron as a discreet particle (for which he won a Nobel Prize), was such an amazing teacher that 9 of his students also won the Nobel Prize across multiple fields. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._…
Penguin Diagrams used in quantum field theory to illustrate the behavior of subatomic particles were so named because physicist John Ellis lost a bar bet playing darts and had to use the word "penguin" in his next published paper. The so-called diagrams look like the outline of a penguin. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pen…
In 2001, scientists were able to bring light to a full stop, hold it, then release it as if it were an ordinary material particle. nytimes.com/2001/01/18/us…
The creation of Bose-Einstein condensate in 2001 created a new form of matter, in which a group of atoms behave as a single particle. It was described by the Nobel committee as making the atoms β€œsing in unison” physicsworld.com/a/my-fav…
A space probe (Stardust) was launched by NASA in 1999, running on approx. 25MB of code, and was able to do close flybys of comets in 2002, 2004, and 2011 - even collecting physical particles from the coma of one and returning them to Earth in 2006 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sta…
The Crab Nebula recently blasted Earth with the highest-energy photons ever recorded. The gamma rays, which clocked in at well over 100 TeV (10 times what the most powerful human-made particle accelerator can produce) likely originate from a pulsar lurking in the heart of the nebula. astronomy.com/news/2019/0…
The Tesla Model X has a β€œBioweapon Defense Mode” that purifies the air within the vehicle and keeps all harmful particles out in the event of an apocalyptic event theverge.com/2015/9/30/94…
"Dust devil winds carry the small, negatively charged particles high into the air, while the heavier, positively charged particles remain near the base of the dust devil." "Since the electrified particles are in motion . . . the dust devil generates a magnetic field also." nasa.gov/vision/universe/…
Today I learned about the Lagrangian Formulation of the Standard Model of particle physics, which condenses all of particle physics into a single " compact" formula. It is used to "determine the state of a changing system and explain the maximum possible energy the system can maintain". symmetrymagazine.org/arti…
The world's largest particle collider (HCL) is used as an instrument -- an MIT project that interprets data from high energy physics experimemts into sound. quantizer.media.mit.edu/m…
THEMIS--Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms--satellites "found evidence of magnetic ropes connecting Earth's upper atmosphere directly to the sun." Scientists believe "solar wind particles flow...along" the ropes giving "energy for geomagnetic storms and auroras." nasa.gov/mission_pages/th…
Whenever Snakes do their iconic tongue-flicker motion, they're actually pulling in chemical particles for an organ at the bottom of their mouth to analyze; The system allows them to perceive smell in 3D, useful for everything from following traces of prey, to mates. theconversation.com/expla…
Today I learned about the β€œOh-My-God” particle, which, on the night of October 15, 1991, streaked across the Utah sky traveling at 99.99999999999999999999951% the speed of light with 320 exa-electron volts (EeV) of energy quantamagazine.org/ultrah…
In 2010, the RIKEN institute in Japan created mutant cherry blossom trees by firing ion beams at them in a particle accelerator. The mutated trees now bloom 4 times a year and produce more flowers. riken.jp/en/pr/press/2010…
There are particle accelerators in hospitals that are called cyclotrons. They are used to produce radioactive drugs that will be injected in the body which will identify cancer cells ( if there are any ) or show that a patient has dementia through the use of a PET scanner that will be in charge youtube.com/watch?v=KXzON…
The dispersal of microscopic particles as a result of flushing a toilet is known as a 'Toilet Plume' en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toi…
Base metals like Lead can be transmuted into gold using particle accelerators. The process is so expensive that it is not economically viable. Gold can also be turned into base metals. scientificamerican.com/ar…
Pure water, a fluid of strictly H2O, is an excellent insulator and will not conduct electricity due to its neutral particles. Only the introduction of impurities like trace metals with negatively or positively charged particles makes water an excellent, if not deadly, conductor of electricity. scienceabc.com/pure-scien…
When congress asked physicist R.R. Wilson to justify the US government spending millions of dollars on a new particle accelerator (Fermilab), Wilson testified that the knowledge gained from it would have "nothing to do directly with defending our country except to help make it worth defending." history.fnal.gov/testimon…
Due to thousands of different commercial glitters, identical glitter particles can be compelling evidence that a suspect has been at a crime scene. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gli…
Scientists detected an atomic nucleus traveling at 99.9999999999999% of the speed of light, with energy 20 quintillion times that of visible light. It was appropriately named the "Oh-My-God Particle." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oh-…
Today I learned about Murray Gell-Mann who was awarded Nobel Prize in Physics in 1969 for contributions on classification and interactions of elementary particles. He postulated the existence of particles which compose hadrons & coined the term for them "Quarks". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mur…
Today I learned about San Lan Wu. She made important contributions towards the discovery of the J/psi particle, which provided experimental evidence for the existence of the charm quark, and the gluon, the vector boson of the strong force in the Standard Model of physics. wikipedia.org/wiki/Sau_La…
Almost every snow crystal has a tiny mote of dust at its center which can be anything from volcanic ash to a particle from outer space. discovermagazine.com/2008…
4% of the sand on Omaha Beach in Normandy, site of the D-Day landings, is composed of man-made metal and glass shrapnel particles. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War…
J.J. Thomson won the Nobel in Physics (1906) when he showed electrons were particles. His son won it in 1937 for showing that electrons are waves. nndb.com/people/482/00009…
Exposure to particles from burning candles causes greater damage than the same dose of diesel exhaust fumes. Effects included lung inflammation and toxicity, arteriosclerosis, and ageing effects on chromosomes in the lungs and spleen. theguardian.com/world/201…
A fart, or even a shit fouled bathroom stench, can have airborne micro-bacterial particles that can travel up your nostril or contaminate your clothing. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Microwaves work by vibrating particles within food, such as water, heating food through use of friction. This also means that anything that doesn't have liquid in it is unaffected by the microwaves, i.e plates, paper, plastic Ect. businessinsider.com/how-d…
If we keep our current population growth of 1.11%, in just 8604 years we would have used up all the particles in the entire observable universe just to make human bodies youtu.be/lpj0E0a0mlU?t=41…
The word "shmoo" is a technical term with different meanings in the fields of electrical engineering, cell biology, socioeconomics, echinoderm biology, and particle physics. In all these cases, the term is a reference to the Shmoo, a cartoon animal from the comic strip Li'l Abner. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shm…
The paint company Dulux hired and paid a research scientist to actually watch paint dry. β€œHis full time job involves carefully observing the changing colors and particles of paint as it dries – both on walls as well as under a microscope.” odditycentral.com/news/gu…
In 2010 the RIKEN institute in Japan created mutant cherry blossom trees by firing ion beams at them in a particle accelerator. The mutated trees now bloom 4 times a year and produce more flowers. riken.jp/en/pr/press/2010…
There is a particle accelerator in the Louvre. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acc…
Alpha radiation particles are just helium atoms without the electrons. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alp…
Russian scientist Anatoli Bugorski was working on the Synchrotron U-70, the largest Soviet particle accelerator in 1978. A proton beam measuring about 200,000 rads entered his skull, and 300,000 rads when it exited. Due to nerve destruction, the left half of his face was frozen and doesn’t age. survivor-story.com/bugors…

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