Thomas Midgley Jr. the inventor of leaded gasoline (Tetraethyllead) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), better known as Freon. β€œTime" ranked both in "Top 50 worst inventions". Environment historian J R McNeill " he had more impact on the atmosphere than any other single organism in Earth's history”. wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas…
The Portuguese Man of War is not a jellyfish, but a colony of multiple organisms! nationalgeographic.com/an…
In 800 million years, photosynthesis will no longer be possible on earth and all animals and plants will go extinct. Single celled organisms will dominate the earth once again. epic.cpacamp.com/universe…
The world's oldest living organism is 13,000 years old and is a shrub in Pennsylvania. pabook2.libraries.psu.edu…
The oldest organisms are cyanobacteria: photosynthetic, single-celled aquatic organisms that date back to 3.5 billion years ago. They gradually filled the atmosphere with oxygen, eventually leading to the formation of the ozone layer and triggering an ice age that killed off most other bacteria. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cya…
A common variety of slime mold (which is comprised of many single cell organisms) is capable of solving mazes and having preferences. To accomplish this, the slime mold is believed to use a form of democratic-ranked-choice voting discovermagazine.com/mind…
The largest living organism on earth is a mushroom in Oregon, USA. Occupying 3.7 sq miles and is 2.4 miles across. (9.6sq km and 3.8km) guinnessworldrecords.com/…
It's theorized that Mitochondrion were originally a separate organism which became incorporated symbiotically into other bacteria at some point en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mit…
70% Ethanol (alcohol) is a more effective disinfectant because pure alcohol on a single celled organism triggers coagulation (clot) preventing it from penetrating deeper into the cell wall rendering it dormant but still alive. The water in 70% ethanol allows it to penetrate before it can clot. compliancenaturally.com/b…
Only about 43% of the human body's cells are human. The rest are microscopic organisms. bbc.com/news/health-43674…
Doubly labeled water is water in which both the hydrogen and the oxygen have been partly or completely replaced with an uncommon isotope of these elements for tracing purposes. In particular, DLW can be used to measure the average daily metabolic rate of an organism over a period of time. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dou…
An artist active in Grenada mounted dozens of realistic statues underwater to provide "habitat for filter-feeding organisms." The submerged sculpture garden Jason de Caires Taylor built gets visits from divers and tourists in clear-bottomed boats as well as tropical fish. atlasobscura.com/places/u…
Considered today the worlds largest living organism is a grove of 47,000 Aspen which are basically clones of each other. Together they would weigh around 6,600 tons (5,987 metric tons). The General Sherman sequoia itself weighs just a few hundred tons less, a testament to the size of a sequoia. science.howstuffworks.com…
Today I learned about a single-cell organism called Cafeteria Roenbergensis en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caf…
Lobsters have the enzyme called "telomerase" which stops DNA strands called "telomeres" from damage as new cells are made. Other organisms' telomeres erode with age, but lobsters can theoretically live forever, because their ability to create perfect copies of cells never erodes. telegraph.co.uk/news/ukne…
The Portuguese Man o’ War is actually technically not a jellyfish. It’s actually a bunch of smaller organisms that can’t survive on their own and work together to function as one animal. api.nationalgeographic.co…
Baylisascaris or "Raccoon Roundworm" can infected humans and other mammals through ingestion of Raccoon feces. The larvae migrate to the brains and eyes and cause damage making the organism easier prey for the raccoon. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bay…
Fruit Flies were the first living organisms in outer space. They were launched in a captured Nazi V-2 rocket on Feb. 20, 1947. The flies reached an altitude of 68 miles (108 km) and were recovered alive by parachute. space.com/20648-animals-i…
Today I learned about Valonia ventricosa, the largest single-celled organism in the world. They can grow up to 5 cm in diameter simple.wikipedia.org/wiki…
Hydras (small organisms) are practically inmortal and don’t seem to age at all en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyd…
Scientists identified a vast underground ecosystem of billions of micro-organisms below the earth - twice the size of the Earth's oceans. Life was shown to survive far beneath the Earth's surface for long periods of time, without energy from the Sun. theguardian.com/science/2…
The blanket octopus has the biggest sexual size-dimorphism of any non microscopic organism. Females can be 6 feet long, while males are only 2.4 cms long. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bla…
Viruses are considered by some to be a life form, although they lack key characteristics that are generally considered necessary to count as life. Because they possess some but not all such qualities, viruses have been described as "organisms at the edge of life." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vir…
Around 2.5 billion years ago, the Oxygen Catastrophe occurred, where the first microbes producing oxygen using photosynthesis created so much free oxygen that it wiped out most organisms on the planet because they were used to living in minimal oxygenated conditions laphamsquarterly.org/disa…
A newly crafted DNA base pair, an unnatural base pair (UBP), has been used to create a semi-synthetic organism that can make amino acids and proteins not otherwise found in nature ted.com/talks/floyd_e_rom…
Organisms that live around hydrothermal vents do not rely on sunlight and photosynthesis. Instead, archaea, the first living organisms in existence, use a process called chemosynthesis to reduce toxic minerals and chemicals into nutrients.Without them, no multicellular life would exist on Earth. ocean.si.edu/ecosystems/d…
Simulants are organisms or substances which mimic physical or biological properties of real biological agents, without being pathogenic. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bio…
Today I learned of gyandromorphism: an occurence in nature in which an organism has both male and female characteristics in one body; sometimes surfacing as male on one half of the body and female on the other. bbc.com/earth/story/20150…
Today I learned about rangeomorphs. Ancient organisms that lived before the Cambrian Explosion that are the only known organisms to reproduce in geometrical patterns called fractals. nationalgeographic.com/sc…
Having high levels of Testosterone doesn't cause a person or organism to be aggressive ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Today I learned of an newly discovered organism called Lithoredo abatanica that eats stone and excretes sand. It is a shipworm, a group of burrowing animals known for eating woods and related to clams, but so different from known examples that it is both a new species and genus. nytimes.com/2019/06/18/sc…
Although they have genes, Viruses do not have a cellular structure, which is often seen as the basic unit of life. They have been described as "organisms at the edge of life". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vir…
It is estimated there are more than 10^31 bacteriophages on the planet, more than every other organism on Earth, including bacteria, combined. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bac…
Organisms that reproduce only once in their lives and die shortly after are called "semelparous", while those who can reproduce multiple times are called "iteroparous". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sem…
I learned of Thomas Midgley Jr., who ""had more impact on the atmosphere than any other single organism in Earth's history". He played a big role in inventing of leaded gasoline in 1921. After that, he joined a team that invented Freon. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
Today I learned about xenodiagnosis - where a bug that would usually carry a disease-carrying organism is allowed to feed on a patient's blood so that its gut can be then examined to try and find the organism and make the diagnosis en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xen…
The probability of cancer within organisms of the same species is correlated to the number of cells of each organism, but the probability of cancers across species is not correlated to the number of cells in each species. This is called Peto's Paradox. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pet…
Warmer seas and oceans increase the occurence of the organism Noctiluca, that creates the beautiful blue luminscence in seas and oceans. The latest finding is that the loss of snow and ice in the himalayas changes the ecosystem in the Arabian Sea. nature.com/articles/s4159…
There is a group of single-celled organisms called Asgard archaea, Lokiarchaeum, named after the Arctic Ocean geothermal vent, Loki's Castle, where they were discovered. They are considered to be the missing link in the evolution of the cell, which separates eukaryotes like humans from bacteria. nature.com/articles/s4158…
Today I learned about Movile Cave, a cave that was cut off from the outside world for ~5.5 million years. There are sulfuric vents in the cave and all organisms within rely on chemosynthetic bacteria that use sulfur as an energy source. >50 species live there, 35 of which are endemic(they only exist there). gesslab.org/movile-cave
A place exists called "The Gateway to Hell" in Ethiopia, one of the hottest and most alien places on the planet. The air is toxic to humans and organisms were found living in pure acid without any oxygen. bbc.com/future/story/2017…
Today I learned about Slime Molds, single-cell organisms that can group together in tough times and form a slug-like creature which can crawl to sunlight and transform further into a plant nytimes.com/2011/10/04/sc…
The Portuguese man o’ war is not actually a jellyfish, but a hydrozoan siphonophore. It's also not just one organism. It is made up of separate polyp organism colonies called zooids, each serving a specific purpose, like forming tentacles for locomotion or controlling digestion. nationalgeographic.com/an…
Chlamidial cells are strange organisms closely related to blue-green algae that have DNA like bacteria but can only reproduce parasitically in foreign cells like a virus. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chl…
, many micro-organisms produce Vitamin B12, as rain falls it picks up these micro-organisms, therefore, rain can contain Vitamin B12. mindrocket.co.uk/facts/ra…
The oldest ever living organisms were 250 million year old (~20 million years before the first dinosaurs) endospores that were revived from stasis after being preserved in salt crystals news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/t…
Today I learned of a single super spreader (an unusually contagious organism) event of SARS in 2002 which resulted in the disease being spread to four different countries. One infected individual staying at a hotel in Hong Kong spread the disease to 7 individuals who spread it globally. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sev…
Large ships use sea water as ballast; the water contains all sorts of living organisms which when released, results in the spread of invasive species around the world. This has an economic impact of billions of dollars a year to the US alone. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bal…
Some organisms besides humans have passed the mirror test which scientists say suggests they have "self-awareness". animalcognition.org/2015/…
General Motors chemist Thomas Midgley Jr. invented both chlorofluorocarbons and leaded gasoline, having "more impact on the atmosphere than any other single organism in Earth's history." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
Today I learned about genetic Chimeras. Named after the mythic creature, it’s when an organism contains 2 sets of DNA. This can happen if twins are recombined in the womb or after major organ/bone marrow transplants. In some rare cases the transplanted DNA can β€œtake over” the host DNA. insider.com/what-is-a-hum…
The Portuguese man o' war isn’t actually a jellyfish, it’s a colonial organism called a siphonophore and is comprised of four different organisms all working as one. mnn.com/earth-matters/ani…
Today I learned of Polyrhachis sokolova, the most aquatic of all ants, which nests at the base of mangrove trees and scavenges organisms that wash up in the tides. Its nests are mound-like, with a small opening at the top, and are completely submerged at each high tide. antwiki.org/wiki/Polyrhac…
The Portuguese man o’ war isn’t actually a jellyfish, but a colony of individual organisms called zooids, each with a different function within the β€˜body’ wikipedia.org/wiki/Portug…
Apollo 11 astronauts were quarantined for 21 days after returning from the moon to prepare for "the remote possibility that they are harboring unknown lunar organisms that might endanger life on earth" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ext…
When Apollo 11 returned samples of moon rocks to earth, scientists at NASA fed them to cockroaches, fish, rats, birds and shellfish to insure contact with them would not cause harm to the organisms a present a threat to earth's ecosystem. space.com/apollo-lunar-sa…
Viruses kill about 25-30% of the living material in the oceans every day. When they infect and kill organisms, nutrients such as carbon and phosphorous are released into the ocean. This keeps microbes and phytoplankton thriving. If you take the viruses out of seawater, photosynthesis stops hakaimagazine.com/news/he…
When the body of a dead whale (or other large cetacean) falls to below 1'000m/3'000ft, it can form a β€œwhale fall”: a localized ecosystem that supplies sustenance to deep-sea organisms. Creatures can use the carcass as a home, living off of it for decades. wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale_…
When a whale dies and its carcass falls into the Bathyal or Abyssal zone of the ocean floor, it can sustain a complex localized ecosystem of deep-sea organisms for decades. This is called a "whale fall". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wha…
There is a pair of genes in C. elegans that do nothing useful to the organism, and only ensure their own perpetuation. One codes a toxin; the other, its antidote. phys.org/news/2017-05-wor…
The largest living organism is a honey fungus measuring 2.4 miles (3.8 km) across in the Blue Mountains in Oregon bbc.com/earth/story/20141…
Armillaria solidipes, AKA honey fungus, is likely the worlds largest living organism. It’s almost 4 miles wide and found in the Blue Mountains in Oregon USA. earthsky.org/earth/larges…
One of the oldest and most massive organisms, Pando, is dying. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
Half the DNA on the NYC Subway matches no known organism gizmodo.com/half-the-dna-…
Today i learned one of the largest organisms on earth is a group of trees in Pando, Utah. It covers 107 acres and has 47,000 distinct trees that share the same root system. smithsonianmag.com/travel…
Today I learned of super-spreaders where an infected organism disproportionally infects more secondary contacts. In 2003 a patient transmitted SARS to 33 other patients in just two days en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sup…
The largest single organism on the planet is not a blue whale - it is a "Humongous Fungus" called Armillaria ostoyae, located in Oregon, U.S. It is estimated it weighs 440 tons (the size of three blue whales) and is 2400 years old. worldatlas.com/articles/w…
Russian doctors recommended cognac, alcoholic drinks in the cosmonauts' rations in order to stimulate their immune system and on the whole to keep the organisms in tone. It's unclear whether or not Russian cosmonauts drink on the ISS now businessinsider.com/alcoh…
Today I learned of the 'loneliest organism' in the world. A single, lone cycad tree, the dominant tree during the dinosaur era, was discovered in Africa in 1895. They have yet to find a mate to pollinate it. npr.org/sections/krulwich…
Poruguese man o' war are not actually jellyfish but are in fact a colony of many organisms nationalgeographic.com/an…
The Portuguese Man O' War is not a single organism, but is instead a group of four organisms known as "zooids" that can't fucntion without each other. Meaning, that despite its appearance, it is not a jellyfish. mnn.com/earth-matters/ani…
Lichen is a composite organism comprised of fungus and algae living together in a mutualistic relationship en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lic…
Today I learned about the β€œPortuguese Man-of-War”. The sea creature is made up of four separate organisms working together, uses one of the organisms as a sail and has tentacles that can grow up to 165ft long. nationalgeographic.com/an…
Today I learned of Dr Thomas Midgley. He is responsible for adding lead to fuel and for the creation of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used in refrigerators. He is credited for doing more damage to the atmosphere than any other living organism ever. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
The largest living organism in the world is an aspen grove located in Utah. This grove of 47,000 aspen trees, called Pando, originates from a single male aspen, and shares one massive underground root system. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
The human body has over 50 million organisms crawling on every square inch of skin, and the body has an average of 3200 square inches of skin. Gross. zippyfacts.com/how-many-d…
"Deinococcus radiodurans", a specie of bacterium, is called the toughest organism in the world. It can withstand intense cold, dehydration, vacuum, acid, and even radiation. It is in the Guinness book of world records. Also, because of its toughness it is nicknamed β€œConan the Bacterium”. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dei…
Drosophila bifurca, a species of fruit fly, are known to have the longest sperm cells of any organism on Earth, an impressive 5.8 cm long when uncoiled. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dro…
The earliest known life-forms on Earth are fossilised micro-organisms, found in hydrothermal vent precipitates (holes in the sea floor). They date to between 3.77 billion and 4.28 billion years ago. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ear…
There in an organism which lives in the ocean floor, which reproduces every 10,000 years, and is perhaps millions of years old. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End…
Panspermia, the transfer of viable organisms between planets, is considered a serious hypothesis by planetary scientists. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
The oldest living non-clonal organism known at the time, Prometheus, was a Great Basin bristlecone pine tree. It was 4,847 years old when it was cut down to retrieve a tool used to take core samples that was stuck in the tree before its age was determined. nps.gov/grba/learn/histor…
Today I learned about endoliths - organisms that live in rocks, some for millions of years, reproducing every 10,000 years. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End…
Scientists have found the oldest organism known, a 100,000-year-old underwater giant nine miles across and weighing 6600 tons, floating in the Mediterranean Sea. This organism is a large patch of asexually-reproducing seagrass. sciencedaily.com/releases…
Quinine in tonic water's primary benefit is for the treatment of malaria. It’s not used to prevent malaria, but rather to kill the organism responsible for the disease. When used to treat malaria, quinine is given in a pill form healthline.com/health/qui…
The Portuguese man o' war isn't a singular organism; instead, it's made up of specialized individual animals of the same species en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Por…
Panspermia is the hypothesis that life exists throughout the Universe, distributed by meteoroids, asteroids, spacecraft etc. in form of extremophile types of bacteria. If met with ideal conditions on a new planet's surfaces, the organisms become active and the process of evolution begins. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
It was proposed that caterpillars and butterflies are two organisms, and the caterpillar dies in the cocoon. npr.org/sections/krulwich…
The mitochondria in our cells, which generate energy, are ancient bacteria that had a symbiotic relationship with other single cell organisms and developed around 1.5 billion years ago wikipedia.org/wiki/Endosy…
Toby Spribille grew up in a trailer park without proper education; no American university would take him, but a German university decided to overlook it. In 2016 he overturned 150 years of biology with discovering that lichens are actually NOT alliances between two but three organisms theatlantic.com/science/a…
There are virophages, viruses that infect giant viruses. They only use the host virus’s internal machinery to replicate, but not the host organism. As a natural result, the host organism benefits from the virophage. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vir…
The largest living organism on Earth is the honey fungus - measuring 2.4 miles (3.8 km) across - in Oregon's Blue Mountains. bbc.com/earth/story/20141…
Today I learned about Argument from poor design, an argument against the existence of a creator God, based on the reasoning that a powerful and benevolent God would not create organisms with suboptimal designs that can be seen in nature. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arg…
E.O. Wilson: Eusociality created superΒ­organisms, the next level of biological complexity above that of organisms. All animal species that have achieved eusociality, without exception, at first built nests that they defended from enemies. Humans are eusocial apes. smithsonianmag.com/scienc…
The Portuguese man of war isn't actually a jellyfish. It's called a siphonophore, made up of several specialized organisms of the same species. They each perform different functions and can't survive alone. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Por…
Today I learned of the Gaia Hypothesis, which states that Earth should be categorised as a single pre-life organism operating on chemical reactions, much like an amoeba. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gai…
The dawn of the Animal Kingdom began with a collagen scaffold that enabled the organization of cells into tissues. Collagen IV was the key innovation enabling single-celled organisms to evolve into multicellular animals. It's a molecular "glue" that allowed the formation of tissues and organs. phys.org/news/2017-04-mol…
Beetles are the most dominant, species-rich organism in our terrestrial ecosystem, they make up 40% of all known insects. bbc.com/earth/story/20150…
Today I learned of Pando, a grove of aspen trees in Utah that is actually a single organism with 40,000 stems (trunks). Some experts believe that Pando may be up to a million years old. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
The algae Caulerpa taxifolia is comprised of a single cell several meters in length. It challenges some of the corollaries of cell theory, e.g. the idea that organism-level properties are an emergent property of cellular phenomena. The concepts like β€œtissue” and β€œorgan” begin to lack meaning. blogs.plos.org/biologue/2…

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