Fruit flies are considered model organisms to understand human alcoholism. Also, after extensive binge drinking males are known to engage in homosexual behavior nature.com/news/2008/0801…
, aroundf 2.1 billion years ago, there existeed several multicellular organisms, that were likely one of the first forays into multicellularity, they coincided with a brief moment of increased oxygen levels and went extinct after the levels dropped, they do not have any modern-day descendants. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fra…
The Guinness Book of World Records lists Deinococcus radiodurans bacterium as the world's toughest organism because of its ability to survive extreme radiation, cold, dehydration, vacuum and acid. These bacteria were found to survive 3 years in outer space based on studies conducted on the ISS. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dei…
The Gulf of Mexico has a dead zone: an area of hypoxic (less than 2 ppm dissolved oxygen) waters, which supports fewer organisms and has been linked to massive fish kills and can cover up to 6,000-7,000 square miles (9656-11265 square kilometers) at the mouth of the Mississippi River serc.carleton.edu/microbe…
Rivers purify themselves and sewage treatment plants use micro-organisms that naturally eat up organic waste in fast flowing streams en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sew…
Today I learned about Hoshizuna no Hama ('Star Sand Beach') on the Japanese island of Taketomi-jima, where the grains of sand are shaped like tiny stars. They're actually exoskeletons of tiny one-celled organisms called 'Baclogypsina sphaerulata' atlasobscura.com/places/t…
Malaria is caused by an unicellular micro-organism (Plasmodium), a parasite carried by mosquitoes. Plasmodia are able to reproduce themselves depending on their hosts - asexually (without fertilization) in human hosts and sexually (with selfproduced male and female gametocytes) in mosquitoes en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mal…
Mitochondria was originally an independent organism. It became engulfed by larger prokaryotic cells, providing additional energy in a symbiotic relationship. These prokaryotes eventually evolved into different specialised plant and animal cells. nature.com/scitable/conte…
Phytoplankton, tiny aquatic organisms, photosynthesize as much carbon dioxide as all the world's forests and other plants combined while being 450 times less massive youtube.com/watch?v=fS422…
125 million years ago, carrion beetles became the first organisms on the planet to actively parent their young. smithsonianmag.com/smart-…
Today I learned about the Praya dubia, the world's second-longest sea organism. Due to their skeleton being internally pressurized to survive the deep sea, they will burst if brought to the surface en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pra…
Award winning chemist and lauded scientist Thomas Midgley Jr. actually had more impact on the atmosphere than any other single organism in Earth's history and is indirectly responsible for the deaths of millions of people through his inventions of leaded gasoline, freon and CFCs en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
Mitochondria and chloroplasts were originally separate prokaryotic organisms (single celled organisms) engulfed by eukaryotic cells (plant and animal). Now they are part of our DNA due to a continued endosymbiotic relationship. nature.com/scitable/conte…
Today I learned about the fairy fly a type of chalcid wasp which is the smallest insect known to exist. Most species are about 1mm (0.039 in) long but some are as small as 0.15 mm (0.0059 in) This is smaller than some single cell organisms en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fai…
A species of mite named Paratarsotomus macropalpis is the fastest land organism on earth, relative to its body length. It has a speed of 332 body length per second. The equivalent speed for a human, running as fast as this mite, would be 1,300 mph (2,092 km/h). blog.nationalgeographic.o…
Baicalellia daftpunka, a species of flatworm, was named after Daft Punk because part of the organism resembles a helmet wikipedia.org/wiki/Daft_P…
There are marine organisms called sea butterflies and sea angels that survived Earth's most recent mass extinction event 66 million years ago. nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_…
Some animals can be made from just one parent. For example, the Komodo dragon, only has a mother. Asexual reproduction, the most primitive method of reproduction, involves a single parent and produces a clone, an organism that is genetically identical to the parent. ck12.org/book/cbse_biolog…
Today I learned of Halicephalobus mephisto, is the deepest-living animal ever found, they are visible to the naked eye, eats unicellular organisms from the pores of the rocks, and can withstand the pressure and heat from the earth more than 2 km underneath the surface. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hal…
Thomas Midgley Jr. the inventor of leaded gasoline (Tetraethyllead) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), better known as Freon. β€œTime" ranked both in "Top 50 worst inventions". Environment historian J R McNeill " he had more impact on the atmosphere than any other single organism in Earth's history”. wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas…
Karen Keegan needed a kidney transplant, so blood relatives tested for compatibility. It was found that her children's DNA did NOT match her own as the mother. Further testing found that she is a genetic chimera, meaning she has the DNA of multiple organisms. She absorbed her twin in the womb. abcnews.go.com/Primetime/…
In 800 million years, photosynthesis will no longer be possible on earth and all animals and plants will go extinct. Single celled organisms will dominate the earth once again. epic.cpacamp.com/universe…
70% Ethanol (alcohol) is a more effective disinfectant because pure alcohol on a single celled organism triggers coagulation (clot) preventing it from penetrating deeper into the cell wall rendering it dormant but still alive. The water in 70% ethanol allows it to penetrate before it can clot. compliancenaturally.com/b…
Around 2.5 billion years ago, the Oxygen Catastrophe occurred, where the first microbes producing oxygen using photosynthesis created so much free oxygen that it wiped out most organisms on the planet because they were used to living in minimal oxygenated conditions laphamsquarterly.org/disa…
In the 80’s and 90’s an organism called Pfiesteria Piscicida caused fishermen and scientists to suffer sever memory loss, confusion, and burning skin. There is no know cure for those with long term exposure. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfi…
A common variety of slime mold (which is comprised of many single cell organisms) is capable of solving mazes and having preferences. To accomplish this, the slime mold is believed to use a form of democratic-ranked-choice voting discovermagazine.com/mind…
It's theorized that Mitochondrion were originally a separate organism which became incorporated symbiotically into other bacteria at some point en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mit…
The Portuguese Man of War is not a jellyfish, but a colony of multiple organisms! nationalgeographic.com/an…
The world's oldest living organism is 13,000 years old and is a shrub in Pennsylvania. pabook2.libraries.psu.edu…
The largest living organism on earth is a mushroom in Oregon, USA. Occupying 3.7 sq miles and is 2.4 miles across. (9.6sq km and 3.8km) guinnessworldrecords.com/…
The Portuguese Man o’ War is actually technically not a jellyfish. It’s actually a bunch of smaller organisms that can’t survive on their own and work together to function as one animal. api.nationalgeographic.co…
James Lovelock started defining the idea of a self-regulating Earth ("The Gaia Hypothesis") controlled by the community of living organisms in September 1965, while working at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California on methods of detecting life on Mars. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gai…
Lobsters have the enzyme called "telomerase" which stops DNA strands called "telomeres" from damage as new cells are made. Other organisms' telomeres erode with age, but lobsters can theoretically live forever, because their ability to create perfect copies of cells never erodes. telegraph.co.uk/news/ukne…
Today I learned about Valonia ventricosa, the largest single-celled organism in the world. They can grow up to 5 cm in diameter simple.wikipedia.org/wiki…
In biology, regeneration is the process of renewal, restoration, and tissue growth that makes genomes, cells, organisms, and ecosystems resilient to natural fluctuations or events that cause disturbance or damage. Every species is capable of regeneration, from bacteria to humans. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reg…
The oldest organisms are cyanobacteria: photosynthetic, single-celled aquatic organisms that date back to 3.5 billion years ago. They gradually filled the atmosphere with oxygen, eventually leading to the formation of the ozone layer and triggering an ice age that killed off most other bacteria. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cya…
Only about 43% of the human body's cells are human. The rest are microscopic organisms. bbc.com/news/health-43674…
Researchers have used carbon 12 and 13 isotopes to find the earliest evidence of life. Isotopically light carbon, which is a trace of life, has been found in 3.8 billion year old sedimentary rocks in Greenland. There is no known mechanism for its formation that doesn't involve organisms. researchgate.net/publicat…
A place exists called "The Gateway to Hell" in Ethiopia, one of the hottest and most alien places on the planet. The air is toxic to humans and organisms were found living in pure acid without any oxygen. bbc.com/future/story/2017…
Hydras (small organisms) are practically inmortal and don’t seem to age at all en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyd…
Baylisascaris or "Raccoon Roundworm" can infected humans and other mammals through ingestion of Raccoon feces. The larvae migrate to the brains and eyes and cause damage making the organism easier prey for the raccoon. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bay…
Today I learned of an newly discovered organism called Lithoredo abatanica that eats stone and excretes sand. It is a shipworm, a group of burrowing animals known for eating woods and related to clams, but so different from known examples that it is both a new species and genus. nytimes.com/2019/06/18/sc…
Viruses are considered by some to be a life form, although they lack key characteristics that are generally considered necessary to count as life. Because they possess some but not all such qualities, viruses have been described as "organisms at the edge of life." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vir…
I learned of Thomas Midgley Jr., who ""had more impact on the atmosphere than any other single organism in Earth's history". He played a big role in inventing of leaded gasoline in 1921. After that, he joined a team that invented Freon. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
The blanket octopus has the biggest sexual size-dimorphism of any non microscopic organism. Females can be 6 feet long, while males are only 2.4 cms long. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bla…
Scientists identified a vast underground ecosystem of billions of micro-organisms below the earth - twice the size of the Earth's oceans. Life was shown to survive far beneath the Earth's surface for long periods of time, without energy from the Sun. theguardian.com/science/2…
Fruit Flies were the first living organisms in outer space. They were launched in a captured Nazi V-2 rocket on Feb. 20, 1947. The flies reached an altitude of 68 miles (108 km) and were recovered alive by parachute. space.com/20648-animals-i…
Having high levels of Testosterone doesn't cause a person or organism to be aggressive ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Organisms that live around hydrothermal vents do not rely on sunlight and photosynthesis. Instead, archaea, the first living organisms in existence, use a process called chemosynthesis to reduce toxic minerals and chemicals into nutrients.Without them, no multicellular life would exist on Earth. ocean.si.edu/ecosystems/d…
Considered today the worlds largest living organism is a grove of 47,000 Aspen which are basically clones of each other. Together they would weigh around 6,600 tons (5,987 metric tons). The General Sherman sequoia itself weighs just a few hundred tons less, a testament to the size of a sequoia. science.howstuffworks.com…

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