In 800 million years, photosynthesis will no longer be possible on earth and all animals and plants will go extinct. Single celled organisms will dominate the earth once again. epic.cpacamp.com/universe…
It's theorized that Mitochondrion were originally a separate organism which became incorporated symbiotically into other bacteria at some point en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mit…
Only about 43% of the human body's cells are human. The rest are microscopic organisms. bbc.com/news/health-43674…
70% Ethanol (alcohol) is a more effective disinfectant because pure alcohol on a single celled organism triggers coagulation (clot) preventing it from penetrating deeper into the cell wall rendering it dormant but still alive. The water in 70% ethanol allows it to penetrate before it can clot. compliancenaturally.com/b…
Baylisascaris or "Raccoon Roundworm" can infected humans and other mammals through ingestion of Raccoon feces. The larvae migrate to the brains and eyes and cause damage making the organism easier prey for the raccoon. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bay…
Lobsters have the enzyme called "telomerase" which stops DNA strands called "telomeres" from damage as new cells are made. Other organisms' telomeres erode with age, but lobsters can theoretically live forever, because their ability to create perfect copies of cells never erodes. telegraph.co.uk/news/ukne…
The Portuguese Man o’ War is actually technically not a jellyfish. It’s actually a bunch of smaller organisms that can’t survive on their own and work together to function as one animal. api.nationalgeographic.co…
Fruit Flies were the first living organisms in outer space. They were launched in a captured Nazi V-2 rocket on Feb. 20, 1947. The flies reached an altitude of 68 miles (108 km) and were recovered alive by parachute. space.com/20648-animals-i…
Hydras (small organisms) are practically inmortal and don’t seem to age at all en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyd…
Today I learned about Valonia ventricosa, the largest single-celled organism in the world. They can grow up to 5 cm in diameter simple.wikipedia.org/wiki…
Scientists identified a vast underground ecosystem of billions of micro-organisms below the earth - twice the size of the Earth's oceans. Life was shown to survive far beneath the Earth's surface for long periods of time, without energy from the Sun. theguardian.com/science/2…
The blanket octopus has the biggest sexual size-dimorphism of any non microscopic organism. Females can be 6 feet long, while males are only 2.4 cms long. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bla…
A newly crafted DNA base pair, an unnatural base pair (UBP), has been used to create a semi-synthetic organism that can make amino acids and proteins not otherwise found in nature ted.com/talks/floyd_e_rom…
Simulants are organisms or substances which mimic physical or biological properties of real biological agents, without being pathogenic. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bio…
Viruses are considered by some to be a life form, although they lack key characteristics that are generally considered necessary to count as life. Because they possess some but not all such qualities, viruses have been described as "organisms at the edge of life." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vir…
Organisms that live around hydrothermal vents do not rely on sunlight and photosynthesis. Instead, archaea, the first living organisms in existence, use a process called chemosynthesis to reduce toxic minerals and chemicals into nutrients.Without them, no multicellular life would exist on Earth. ocean.si.edu/ecosystems/d…
Today I learned of gyandromorphism: an occurence in nature in which an organism has both male and female characteristics in one body; sometimes surfacing as male on one half of the body and female on the other. bbc.com/earth/story/20150…
Today I learned about Peto's Paradox, a paradoxical observation stating that contrary to what you would think, larger organism have lower rates of cancer than do smaller ones. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pet…
Today I learned about rangeomorphs. Ancient organisms that lived before the Cambrian Explosion that are the only known organisms to reproduce in geometrical patterns called fractals. nationalgeographic.com/sc…
Warmer seas and oceans increase the occurence of the organism Noctiluca, that creates the beautiful blue luminscence in seas and oceans. The latest finding is that the loss of snow and ice in the himalayas changes the ecosystem in the Arabian Sea. nature.com/articles/s4159…
Around 2.5 billion years ago, the Oxygen Catastrophe occurred, where the first microbes producing oxygen using photosynthesis created so much free oxygen that it wiped out most organisms on the planet because they were used to living in minimal oxygenated conditions laphamsquarterly.org/disa…
Today I learned about xenodiagnosis - where a bug that would usually carry a disease-carrying organism is allowed to feed on a patient's blood so that its gut can be then examined to try and find the organism and make the diagnosis en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xen…
Having high levels of Testosterone doesn't cause a person or organism to be aggressive ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Although they have genes, Viruses do not have a cellular structure, which is often seen as the basic unit of life. They have been described as "organisms at the edge of life". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vir…
It is estimated there are more than 10^31 bacteriophages on the planet, more than every other organism on Earth, including bacteria, combined. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bac…
There is a group of single-celled organisms called Asgard archaea, Lokiarchaeum, named after the Arctic Ocean geothermal vent, Loki's Castle, where they were discovered. They are considered to be the missing link in the evolution of the cell, which separates eukaryotes like humans from bacteria. nature.com/articles/s4158…
The probability of cancer within organisms of the same species is correlated to the number of cells of each organism, but the probability of cancers across species is not correlated to the number of cells in each species. This is called Peto's Paradox. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pet…
Organisms that reproduce only once in their lives and die shortly after are called "semelparous", while those who can reproduce multiple times are called "iteroparous". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sem…
Today I learned of an newly discovered organism called Lithoredo abatanica that eats stone and excretes sand. It is a shipworm, a group of burrowing animals known for eating woods and related to clams, but so different from known examples that it is both a new species and genus. nytimes.com/2019/06/18/sc…
I learned of Thomas Midgley Jr., who ""had more impact on the atmosphere than any other single organism in Earth's history". He played a big role in inventing of leaded gasoline in 1921. After that, he joined a team that invented Freon. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
Chlamidial cells are strange organisms closely related to blue-green algae that have DNA like bacteria but can only reproduce parasitically in foreign cells like a virus. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chl…
Today I learned about Movile Cave, a cave that was cut off from the outside world for ~5.5 million years. There are sulfuric vents in the cave and all organisms within rely on chemosynthetic bacteria that use sulfur as an energy source. >50 species live there, 35 of which are endemic(they only exist there). gesslab.org/movile-cave
Today I learned about Slime Molds, single-cell organisms that can group together in tough times and form a slug-like creature which can crawl to sunlight and transform further into a plant nytimes.com/2011/10/04/sc…
, many micro-organisms produce Vitamin B12, as rain falls it picks up these micro-organisms, therefore, rain can contain Vitamin B12. mindrocket.co.uk/facts/ra…
Today I learned of a single super spreader (an unusually contagious organism) event of SARS in 2002 which resulted in the disease being spread to four different countries. One infected individual staying at a hotel in Hong Kong spread the disease to 7 individuals who spread it globally. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sev…
The Portuguese man o’ war is not actually a jellyfish, but a hydrozoan siphonophore. It's also not just one organism. It is made up of separate polyp organism colonies called zooids, each serving a specific purpose, like forming tentacles for locomotion or controlling digestion. nationalgeographic.com/an…
A place exists called "The Gateway to Hell" in Ethiopia, one of the hottest and most alien places on the planet. The air is toxic to humans and organisms were found living in pure acid without any oxygen. bbc.com/future/story/2017…
The oldest ever living organisms were 250 million year old (~20 million years before the first dinosaurs) endospores that were revived from stasis after being preserved in salt crystals news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/t…
Large ships use sea water as ballast; the water contains all sorts of living organisms which when released, results in the spread of invasive species around the world. This has an economic impact of billions of dollars a year to the US alone. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bal…
Today I learned about genetic Chimeras. Named after the mythic creature, it’s when an organism contains 2 sets of DNA. This can happen if twins are recombined in the womb or after major organ/bone marrow transplants. In some rare cases the transplanted DNA can β€œtake over” the host DNA. insider.com/what-is-a-hum…
Today I learned of Polyrhachis sokolova, the most aquatic of all ants, which nests at the base of mangrove trees and scavenges organisms that wash up in the tides. Its nests are mound-like, with a small opening at the top, and are completely submerged at each high tide. antwiki.org/wiki/Polyrhac…
Some organisms besides humans have passed the mirror test which scientists say suggests they have "self-awareness". animalcognition.org/2015/…
General Motors chemist Thomas Midgley Jr. invented both chlorofluorocarbons and leaded gasoline, having "more impact on the atmosphere than any other single organism in Earth's history." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
Aristotle observed that fossils of seashells in rocks resembled those found on beaches. He inferred that the fossils in rocks were formed by organisms, and he reasoned that the positions of land and sea had been changing slowly since ancient times. Leonardo da Vinci agreed with this reasoning. wmnh.com/wmas0002.htm
The Portuguese man o' war isn’t actually a jellyfish, it’s a colonial organism called a siphonophore and is comprised of four different organisms all working as one. mnn.com/earth-matters/ani…
The Portuguese man o’ war isn’t actually a jellyfish, but a colony of individual organisms called zooids, each with a different function within the β€˜body’ wikipedia.org/wiki/Portug…
When Apollo 11 returned samples of moon rocks to earth, scientists at NASA fed them to cockroaches, fish, rats, birds and shellfish to insure contact with them would not cause harm to the organisms a present a threat to earth's ecosystem. space.com/apollo-lunar-sa…
Apollo 11 astronauts were quarantined for 21 days after returning from the moon to prepare for "the remote possibility that they are harboring unknown lunar organisms that might endanger life on earth" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ext…
Today I learned of super-spreaders where an infected organism disproportionally infects more secondary contacts. In 2003 a patient transmitted SARS to 33 other patients in just two days en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sup…
Armillaria solidipes, AKA honey fungus, is likely the worlds largest living organism. It’s almost 4 miles wide and found in the Blue Mountains in Oregon USA. earthsky.org/earth/larges…
Viruses kill about 25-30% of the living material in the oceans every day. When they infect and kill organisms, nutrients such as carbon and phosphorous are released into the ocean. This keeps microbes and phytoplankton thriving. If you take the viruses out of seawater, photosynthesis stops hakaimagazine.com/news/he…
There is a pair of genes in C. elegans that do nothing useful to the organism, and only ensure their own perpetuation. One codes a toxin; the other, its antidote. phys.org/news/2017-05-wor…
Russian doctors recommended cognac, alcoholic drinks in the cosmonauts' rations in order to stimulate their immune system and on the whole to keep the organisms in tone. It's unclear whether or not Russian cosmonauts drink on the ISS now businessinsider.com/alcoh…
One of the oldest and most massive organisms, Pando, is dying. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
The largest living organism is a honey fungus measuring 2.4 miles (3.8 km) across in the Blue Mountains in Oregon bbc.com/earth/story/20141…
The largest single organism on the planet is not a blue whale - it is a "Humongous Fungus" called Armillaria ostoyae, located in Oregon, U.S. It is estimated it weighs 440 tons (the size of three blue whales) and is 2400 years old. worldatlas.com/articles/w…
Poruguese man o' war are not actually jellyfish but are in fact a colony of many organisms nationalgeographic.com/an…
When a whale dies and its carcass falls into the Bathyal or Abyssal zone of the ocean floor, it can sustain a complex localized ecosystem of deep-sea organisms for decades. This is called a "whale fall". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wha…
When the body of a dead whale (or other large cetacean) falls to below 1'000m/3'000ft, it can form a β€œwhale fall”: a localized ecosystem that supplies sustenance to deep-sea organisms. Creatures can use the carcass as a home, living off of it for decades. wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale_…
Today i learned one of the largest organisms on earth is a group of trees in Pando, Utah. It covers 107 acres and has 47,000 distinct trees that share the same root system. smithsonianmag.com/travel…
Half the DNA on the NYC Subway matches no known organism gizmodo.com/half-the-dna-…
Drosophila bifurca, a species of fruit fly, are known to have the longest sperm cells of any organism on Earth, an impressive 5.8 cm long when uncoiled. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dro…
The Portuguese Man O' War is not a single organism, but is instead a group of four organisms known as "zooids" that can't fucntion without each other. Meaning, that despite its appearance, it is not a jellyfish. mnn.com/earth-matters/ani…
"Deinococcus radiodurans", a specie of bacterium, is called the toughest organism in the world. It can withstand intense cold, dehydration, vacuum, acid, and even radiation. It is in the Guinness book of world records. Also, because of its toughness it is nicknamed β€œConan the Bacterium”. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dei…
Lichen is a composite organism comprised of fungus and algae living together in a mutualistic relationship en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lic…
Today I learned of the 'loneliest organism' in the world. A single, lone cycad tree, the dominant tree during the dinosaur era, was discovered in Africa in 1895. They have yet to find a mate to pollinate it. npr.org/sections/krulwich…
The human body has over 50 million organisms crawling on every square inch of skin, and the body has an average of 3200 square inches of skin. Gross. zippyfacts.com/how-many-d…
Panspermia, the transfer of viable organisms between planets, is considered a serious hypothesis by planetary scientists. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
Today I learned about the β€œPortuguese Man-of-War”. The sea creature is made up of four separate organisms working together, uses one of the organisms as a sail and has tentacles that can grow up to 165ft long. nationalgeographic.com/an…
The largest living organism in the world is an aspen grove located in Utah. This grove of 47,000 aspen trees, called Pando, originates from a single male aspen, and shares one massive underground root system. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
The earliest known life-forms on Earth are fossilised micro-organisms, found in hydrothermal vent precipitates (holes in the sea floor). They date to between 3.77 billion and 4.28 billion years ago. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ear…
The oldest living non-clonal organism known at the time, Prometheus, was a Great Basin bristlecone pine tree. It was 4,847 years old when it was cut down to retrieve a tool used to take core samples that was stuck in the tree before its age was determined. nps.gov/grba/learn/histor…
Today I learned about endoliths - organisms that live in rocks, some for millions of years, reproducing every 10,000 years. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End…
There are virophages, viruses that infect giant viruses. They only use the host virus’s internal machinery to replicate, but not the host organism. As a natural result, the host organism benefits from the virophage. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vir…
Today I learned of Dr Thomas Midgley. He is responsible for adding lead to fuel and for the creation of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used in refrigerators. He is credited for doing more damage to the atmosphere than any other living organism ever. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tho…
There in an organism which lives in the ocean floor, which reproduces every 10,000 years, and is perhaps millions of years old. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End…
Quinine in tonic water's primary benefit is for the treatment of malaria. It’s not used to prevent malaria, but rather to kill the organism responsible for the disease. When used to treat malaria, quinine is given in a pill form healthline.com/health/qui…
It was proposed that caterpillars and butterflies are two organisms, and the caterpillar dies in the cocoon. npr.org/sections/krulwich…
The Portuguese man o' war isn't a singular organism; instead, it's made up of specialized individual animals of the same species en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Por…
E.O. Wilson: Eusociality created superΒ­organisms, the next level of biological complexity above that of organisms. All animal species that have achieved eusociality, without exception, at first built nests that they defended from enemies. Humans are eusocial apes. smithsonianmag.com/scienc…
The largest living organism on Earth is the honey fungus - measuring 2.4 miles (3.8 km) across - in Oregon's Blue Mountains. bbc.com/earth/story/20141…
The dawn of the Animal Kingdom began with a collagen scaffold that enabled the organization of cells into tissues. Collagen IV was the key innovation enabling single-celled organisms to evolve into multicellular animals. It's a molecular "glue" that allowed the formation of tissues and organs. phys.org/news/2017-04-mol…
Scientists have found the oldest organism known, a 100,000-year-old underwater giant nine miles across and weighing 6600 tons, floating in the Mediterranean Sea. This organism is a large patch of asexually-reproducing seagrass. sciencedaily.com/releases…
Panspermia is the hypothesis that life exists throughout the Universe, distributed by meteoroids, asteroids, spacecraft etc. in form of extremophile types of bacteria. If met with ideal conditions on a new planet's surfaces, the organisms become active and the process of evolution begins. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
Toby Spribille grew up in a trailer park without proper education; no American university would take him, but a German university decided to overlook it. In 2016 he overturned 150 years of biology with discovering that lichens are actually NOT alliances between two but three organisms theatlantic.com/science/a…
The mitochondria in our cells, which generate energy, are ancient bacteria that had a symbiotic relationship with other single cell organisms and developed around 1.5 billion years ago wikipedia.org/wiki/Endosy…
The algae Caulerpa taxifolia is comprised of a single cell several meters in length. It challenges some of the corollaries of cell theory, e.g. the idea that organism-level properties are an emergent property of cellular phenomena. The concepts like β€œtissue” and β€œorgan” begin to lack meaning. blogs.plos.org/biologue/2…
Beetles are the most dominant, species-rich organism in our terrestrial ecosystem, they make up 40% of all known insects. bbc.com/earth/story/20150…
Today I learned about Argument from poor design, an argument against the existence of a creator God, based on the reasoning that a powerful and benevolent God would not create organisms with suboptimal designs that can be seen in nature. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arg…
The Portuguese man of war isn't actually a jellyfish. It's called a siphonophore, made up of several specialized organisms of the same species. They each perform different functions and can't survive alone. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Por…
Today I learned about Valonia Ventricosa, the worlds largest single celled organism which can reach sizes of up to 2 inches in diameter. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Val…
The longest living organism lives to over 11,000 years old. news.nationalgeographic.c…
Today I learned of the Gaia Hypothesis, which states that Earth should be categorised as a single pre-life organism operating on chemical reactions, much like an amoeba. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gai…
One of the largest organisms in the world is the massive Armillaria gallica fungus, an individual fungal colony that shares an underground mycelia and covers 37 acres of upper Michigan en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arm…
That, on a daily basis, birch trees droop their branches and slow their processes down starting 2 hrs after sunset and lasting until the morning; scientists compared this to our going to sleep. It’s suspected all living organisms are subject to the circadian rhythm, which includes plants. vox.com/2016/5/19/1170069…
The largest living organism on Earth is a fungus in Oregon that spans almost 2,400. amp.businessinsider.com/l…
Today I learned of Pando, a grove of aspen trees in Utah that is actually a single organism with 40,000 stems (trunks). Some experts believe that Pando may be up to a million years old. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
Sharks have a "sixth sense" that allows them to detect tiny electric signals that are given off by muscle contractions in small organisms sharksavers.org/en/educat…
A Oregon Humongous Fungus Sets Record As Largest Single Living Organism On Earth opb.org/television/progra…

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