Tolkien wrote yearly letters to his children as if they were from Father Christmas. They started off as simple Happy Christmas letters but grew more complex including a polar bear sidekick, the man on the moon, goblins, snow-elves, pictures, and he even developed an Arktik language. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The…
The Antikythera Shipwreck of the First Century BCE, discovered by Greek sponge divers, yielded artifacts including art, jewelry, a statue of Herakles, coins, but most importantly the Antikythera Mechanism, interlocking gears that computed the movements of the sun, the moon, and eclipse dates whoi.edu/know-your-ocean/…
Landing humans on the Moon required the most sudden burst of technological creativity and the largest commitment of resources ever made by any nation in peacetime. At its peak, the Apollo program employed 400,000 people and required the support of over 20,000 industrial firms and universities. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apo…
Without one of the first error handling scripts developed by NASA's Margaret Hamilton the onboard moon landing system would have experienced a critical error just 3 minutes before touchdown en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mar…
On the night that MTV launched, the opening sequence for the network featured footage of the Apollo 11 launch, simply because it was public domain and free to use. It was that opening sequence that connected MTVs image with astronauts, including the Video Music Award β€œmoon man” trophy. mtv.com/news/2924701/vma-…
The rocket in Jules Verne’s 1865 story From the Earth to the Moon launched from Florida and landed in the Pacific Ocean because of Verne’s calculations. In 1969, Apollo 11 took off from Florida and landed in the Pacific Ocean. io9.gizmodo.com/how-jules…
Today I learned about The floating turd mystery that still haunts NASA. During Apollo 10 β€” in which a crewed spacecraft orbited the moon as a dress rehearsal for the first lunar landing β€” astronauts encountered a deep mystery. One of them had left a "turd floating in the air". vox.com/2015/5/26/8646675…
Among other items left on the moon during the Apollo missions, there is $200 cash in 2-dollar bills. popsci.com/trash-items-le…
Buzz Aldrin was the first man to urinate on the moon. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buz…
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin spent not 1, not 5, but 21 hours, 36 minutes on the moon's surface, after a rest period that included seven hours of sleep. nasa.gov/mission_pages/ap…
Tiny portions of the Wright Flyer were taken to the moon and back aboard Apollo 11 in 1969. Another few were taken aboard the Challenger on it’s final flight, and recovered from the wreckage. All of these pieces are now in display in North Carolina. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wri…
The earliest known illustration of the moon was discovered at a neolithic passage grave in Ireland, dated c. 3200 BC en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kno…
When Pete Conrad, the third man in history to go on the moon, his first words when he landed were "Whoopee! Man, that may have been a small one for Neil, but that's a long one for me" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pet…
It is a common misconception that there is no gravity in space (i.e., space is zero-gravity). A small amount of gravity (microgravity) can be found everywhere in space. Gravity is what holds the moon in orbit around the Earth, and the Earth in orbit around the Sun. nasa.gov/audience/forstud…
Humans have left over 413,000 pounds of material on the moon. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lis…
Andromeda is 6x bigger in the sky than the moon, and it's just too dim to see with the naked eye waitbutwhy.com/2014/06/an…
Jupiter's moon Europa is covered by a thick layer of ice, with a huge subsurface ocean of liquid water underneath it. Estimates give the ocean an average depth of 100km, and a radius of 877km. This equates to 3 times the combined volume of water of Earth's oceans. apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap1205…
The children's book "Goodnight Moon" was excluded by the NY Public Library for several decades because the book was despised by Anne Carroll Moore, the head children's librarian and influential author and book critic. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann…
Today I learned of NASA's upcoming Dragonfly mission, in which NASA will launch a nuclear powered drone weighing half a ton to Saturn's moon Titan. The plan is that the nuclear powered drone will fly around on Titan, scouting its terrain while searching for complex and prebiotic chemistry. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dra…
Today I learned about the Great Moon Hoax of 1835, a series of newspaper articles about the supposed discovery of life on the Moon by an astronomer. The articles described animals on the Moon, including bison, goats, unicorns, bipedal tail-less beavers and bat-like winged humanoids who built temples. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gre…
When the moon is directly overhead, you will weigh slightly less. ryanmarciniak.com/archive…
The human brain's 86 billion neurons are connected by approximately 850,000 km (530,000 miles) of axons and dendrites. To put things into perspective, the distance between Earth and Moon is only 384,000 km (240,000 miles) aiimpacts.org/transmittin…
In Apollo 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17, astronauts walked on the moon. Apollo 13 was aborted mid-flight due to an oxygen tank failure. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lis…
The Moon's unseen farside was expected to look about the same as its nearside (the face we always see). But in 1959, the Soviet's Luna 3 spacecraft shattered that illusion, showing the farside barely had any dark volcanic deposits known as maria. astronomy.com/magazine/ne…
Today I learned about the Mercury 13 - a group of women in the early 1960's that passed the same vigorous tests as male astronauts and was part of a privately funded project that aimed to send them to the moon cnet.com/news/the-true-st…
During the peak of the cold war, one of the tasks given to Niel Armstrong was to place two Soviet medals on the moon to honour their fallen Soviet competitors. theconversation.com/apoll…
Today I learned about Eugene Shoemaker. He was a geologist in the mid 1900's who wanted to go to the moon. He failed the medical exam to go to the moon, but he still helped train astronauts on Apollo 11,12, 13. After dying in a car crash his ashes made it to the moon. To this day they're still there. wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugene…
Tide doesn't come in and out, but there are two bulges of water formed by the gravitational force of the moon and sun and the earth turns inside that bulge youtu.be/dBwNadry-TU
Twelve people have walked on the moon en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moo…
The Moon is slowly moving away from the Earth about an inch each year. solarsystem.nasa.gov/moon…
If the earth, with the moon in it's orbit, were placed at the center of the sun, the moon would still be 193,000 miles below the sun's surface. space.com/17001-how-big-i…
Even though Philo Farnsworth, the inventor of electronic television, was disappointed by it for most of his life, he changed his mind the day he saw Neil Armstrong walk on the Moon thanks to his invention, telling his wife "this has made it all worthwhile". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phi…
There is a small drawing on the moon by Andy Warhol of a penis en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moo…
Keith Moon passed out onstage with The Who after taking a combination of tranquillisers and brandy. Scot Halpin, a fan from the audience, was invited up from the crowd to drum for the rest of the gig. rollingstone.com/music/mu…
NASA has online 3D models of all of the planets in our solar system, as well as several moons, probes, and the ISS. solarsystem.nasa.gov/reso…
Even though our solar system has over 200 moons, ours is the 5th largest. Jupiter is over 10x the size of Earth but its largest moon is not even twice the size of our moon. Mars has two moons but they are tiny rocks, not even round, 1% the size of ours. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lis…
Astronaut Jim Lovell was asked if he would go on another spaceflight after an explosion almost killed the crew of Apollo 13 on its way to the Moon. Lovell was about to say yes. Then he saw a hand shoot up from the audience and slowly give the thumbs-down sign. It was his wife, Marilyn. astronomy.com/magazine/ne…
Today I learned about a paper which models the expected "time-to-failure" of potential conspiracies. E.g. if the moon landing was a hoax, the conspiracy would have had to involve 411k people, and thus the model posits that the conspiracy would have been exposed within about 4 years journals.plos.org/plosone…
The first food and drink consumed on the Moon was communion by Buzz Aldrin guideposts.org/better-liv…
Despite its association with the supernatural, a full moon rarely occurs on Halloween. The next time this will happen is Halloween night of 2020. almanac.com/news/almanac/…
We have seven-day weeks today because the ancient Babylonians observed seven objects in the heavens -- The Sun, The Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn -- and based their weeks on that. discovermagazine.com/plan…
The use of cakes to celebrate special events goes back to Ancient Greece, where moon shaped cakes were adorned with candles in the Temple of Artemis. It wasn’t till the Industrial Revolution that new techniques made them widely available and associated with the celebration of a child’s birth. hankeringforhistory.com/t…
Today I learned of the giant-impact hypothesis, where a Mars-sized planet, called Theia, collided with the Earth approximately 4.5 billion years ago. The debris from both of the planets would eventually form the Moon. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gia…
When Voyager 1 took the first photographs of Iapetus (Saturns 3rd largest moon) it noticed a distinct black spot at its center. Carl Sagan sent the picture to Arthur C. Clarke (Author of 2001: A space odyssey) along with the words "Thinking of you..." attached. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sat…
In addition to "Blue moons" there are also "Black Moons" when two new moons happen in the same month. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bla…
There is a memorial to fallen astronauts on the moon with a statue and a plaque containing the names of those who died in the advancement of space flight. solarsystem.nasa.gov/reso…
An estimated 650 million people watched the live global broadcast of the Apollo 11 Moon landing, constituting around one fifth of total population of the world at the time. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lis…
Only 12 people walked on the Moon, but even less people reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench (11,034 meters), one of them is the movie director James Cameron. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mar…
There’s a phenomenon called a Moonbow, a rainbow that is created by the glow of the moon instead of the rays of the sun. news.theearthsite.greater…

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