While the chloroplasts of nearly all known photosynthetic eukaryotes derive ultimately from the a single cyanobacterium taken in by a eukaryote a billion years ago, there are 3 species of amoeba which had taken on a cyanobacterium more recently and whose endosymbiont is called a chromatophore en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pau…
Today I learned of Parakaryon myojinensis. A creature found only once near a hydrothermal vent south of japan, and is so unique that scientist can't agree if it's a prokaryote (bacteria, etc), an eukaryote (animals, plants, fungi, etc) or a new domain entirely. abc.net.au/science/articl…
There is a group of single-celled organisms called Asgard archaea, Lokiarchaeum, named after the Arctic Ocean geothermal vent, Loki's Castle, where they were discovered. They are considered to be the missing link in the evolution of the cell, which separates eukaryotes like humans from bacteria. nature.com/articles/s4158…
Humans and many other Eukaryotes have segments of DNA that hop around to different positions on chromosomes. They're called Transposons, or "Jumping Genes," and their discoverer Barbara McClintock was ridiculed for thirty years before being awarded a Nobel Prize in 1983. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Besides the three traditional eukaryotic kingdoms (Plantae, Animalia and Fungi), there is also Protista. Which includes every eukaryote that can't be classified as part of any of the three. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pro…
Mitochondria that is found in living cells were once independent bacteria that formed a symbiotic relationship with eukaryotes, now they are the powerhouse of human cellular activity yet still have their own DNA different than ours. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mit…
Unexplained 'Biological Dark Matter ' exists in the human genome, that does not fall under the three existing domains of life: bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes. en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/B…
Different species of amoeba are not necessarily related; amoebas aren't a clade or taxon but rather a type of cell that exists in every major lineage of eukaryotes. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amo…
Limits on lifespan are set by the length of biological molecules in most eukaryote organisms en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel…
The parasite Giardia, which is a eukaryotic cell, does not have mitochondria. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gia…
It's theorized that Mitochondrion were originally a separate organism which became incorporated symbiotically into other bacteria at some point en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mit…
Monocercomonoides is a eukaryotic microorganism with no mitochondria cell.com/current-biology/…
Mitochondria might have been prokaryotic bacteria that formed a symbiotic relationship with other prokaryotic cells, creating eukaryotic cells. ruf.rice.edu/~bioslabs/st…
An important protein called actin can be found in every single eukaryotic cell - except nematode sperm en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Act…
It is theorized that mitochondria, chloroplasts, and other eukaryotic organelles were originally separate organisms, and entered our body in a symbiotic relationship. users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma…
Cato the Elder hated greeks and greek culture so much that he believed in a conspiracy theory according to which all greek doctors were trying to exterminate the romans by selling them harmful medicine and bad medical advice en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat…
I learned that it has been predicted that ~8.74 million eukaryotic species exist on Earth. plosbiology.org/article/i…
Tutankhamun's mummy contains oldest known genetic proof of malaria. news.nationalgeographic.c…
Brainless slime molds are capable of making complex intelligent decisions and always find the optimal path towards their goal youtu.be/olCEGsKWQ3c
The largest virus named Pithovirus was found buried in Siberian permafrost with size up to 1.5 microns. It was revived even though it was 30,000 years old and successfully infected cells raising fears that dangerous viruses could emerge from stasis as climate warmed neomatica.com/2014/07/07/…
Heme is the iron-containing part of hemoglobin that binds oxygen in your blood. If you replace the iron atom in heme with magnesium, you get another biologically important family of compounds - chlorophyll. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Por…
A tablespoon of soil has more living organisms than there are people on Earth right now. hgtvgardens.com/soil/fun-…
Humans share 50% DNA with bananas mirror.co.uk/news/weird-n…
Collodictyon is an extremely ancient and rare microorganism which is not closely related to any known kingdom of life. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Col…
Ancient Nubian mummies were found to have the modern antibiotic Tetracycline in their bones. They got it from beer. news.discovery.com/histor…
Humans have 10 times more bacteria living inside or on the surface of their skin than they have human cells sciencedaily.com/releases…
Today I learned that, Agriculture, the spark of civilization is only 500 20 year generations old en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agr…

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