A Russian cat was used by prisoners to sneak drugs into their penal colony near Moscow. The cat allegedly had 5.79 grams of hashish & 1.56 grams of amphetamine under its collar. Defense/prosecution lawyers each wanted the cat to support their case but it escaped from its kennel before trial. telegraph.co.uk/news/2019…
6 years after resigning, Nixon testified on behalf of former FBI assistant director Mark Felt at Felt's own trial, and gave money to Felt's defense fund. In 2005 Felt revealed he had been "Deep Throat", Bob Woodward's source while breaking the Watergate scandal that led to Nixon's resignation. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mar…
The US Department of Defense withdrew its financial and logistical support for the TV series The Lieutenant (1963–1964) after its creater Gene Roddenberry pressed ahead with a plot titled "To Set It Right" in which a white and a black man find a common cause in their roles as Marines en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gen…
The key to American victory in the Revolutionary War was the 75-ton β€œGreat Chain” that stretched across the Hudson River to prevent the British from moving inland. It was such an obstacle, they paid Benedict Arnold Β£20,000 for the plans to the Chain’s main defenses, at Fort West Point hvmag.com/life-style/hist…
Disney World is the second-largest purchaser of explosives in the United States. The first is the U. S. Department of Defense mygoodtimes.in/lifestyle/…
Caffeine in coffee beans is thought to serve as a toxic substance protecting the seeds of the plant, a form of plant defense, against herbivores. Its production has evolved independently to caffeine found in cacao and tea. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cof…
In 2012 the US Defense Dept. Donated Two Space Telescopes to NASA, That Are Better Than the Hubble Telescope, Because They Were Too Old, and Out of Date! theatlantic.com/technolog…
Stairs go counter-clockwise because of castle defenses. Castle were defended from the top down and since most people are right-handed it gave an advantage to be able to hold the railing with your left and the sword with your right. lbc.co.uk/radio/special-s…
Today I learned about 6-on-6 high school girls basketball that was extremely popular in Iowa. The teams had 3 guards that only played defense and 3 forwards that only played offense; these players had to stay on one side of the court. thegazette.com/subject/sp…
Today I learned of Buckskin Frank Leslie, a legendary gunfighter from the Wild West. In 1880, Leslie became famous in Tombstone, Arizona, for killing two men in self-defense. He married the widow of one of his victims eight days after killing her husband. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buc…
Today I learned of Theys Eluay, a leader of the peaceful papuan independence movement who was assassinated by indonesian special forces in 2001. When asked about the murder, the indonesian defense minister called the hitmen 'heroes' freewestpapua.org/2017/11…
In 1987, Mathias Rust, an 19 year old from West Germany with about 50 hours flying experience, illegally flew his Cessna 172 aircraft from Helsinki through the Soviet airspace, bypassing their air defense systems, and landed near Red Square in Moscow. airspacemag.com/history-o…
Ducks enter deep sleep with one half of their brain while the other half is wide awake. In a row of sleeping ducks, the middle ducks are fully asleep, while the two end ducks pick a brain-half to sleep. This lets their outer-facing eye stay open to function as a group defense mechanism. sciencemag.org/news/1999/…
Today I learned about teenage pilot Mathias Rust from West Germany, who OTD in 1987 landed his rented Cessna 172 in Red Square, Moscow to the sight of curious tourists. His flight into "impenetrable" Soviet air defenses irreparably weakened the world's perception of the Soviet military following this incident. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mat…
The British soldiers responsible for the Boston Massacre were defended by future U.S. President John Adams. At the risk of his own reputation, and even though he disliked the British, he took the case, as he believed in the right to a fair defense and trial. history.com/topics/americ…
The Uzi submachine is named after the inventor, Uziel Gal. Gal designed the weapon in 1948 and in 1951 it was officially adopted by the Israel Defense Forces. Gal did not want the weapon to be named after him but his request was ignored. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzi…
To defend against predatory wasps, honeybees create a defense wave known as shimmering. Participating honeybees need to respond with perfect timing when it's their turn to shimmer. youtu.be/dU2rLhpaMAY
Today I learned of Matvey Kuzmin, known as 'Lone Wolf', the oldest person to be awarded Hero of the Soviet Union. During WW2, a Nazi battalion paid him to lead them to the rear of Russian defenses. Instead, he led the battalion directly into an ambush. Realizing his betrayal, the Nazis killed him. He was 83. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mat…
In 2005 war games, a Swedish submarine called HSMS Gotland was able to sneak through the sonar defenses of the US Navy Aircraft Carrier Ronald Reagan and its entire accompanying group, and (virtually)sank the US Aircraft carrier on its own and still got away without getting detected. nationalinterest.org/blog…
There is a shrew that evolved anti-crush defense and can withstand force 1000 times its weight unharmed en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Her…
Today I learned about Lt Gen Vasily Chuikov who took command of the defense of Stalingrad who put himself at the same level of risk as his soldiers and he was buried alive twice by German bombing and kept his HQ 200 meters from the German front line origins.osu.edu/milestone…
Robert Craig McNamara, the son of the former United States Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara, is an organic walnut farmer, expert in soil and sustainable farming, and president of California's state Board of Food and Agriculture latimes.com/business/la-x…
The Japan Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF, or the modern Japanese Navy) uses the same rising sun naval ensign that the Imperial Japanese Navy used before and during WWII. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jap…
Today I learned about Eli Cohen, an Israeli spy whose espionage work in 1961–65 in Syria led him to infiltrate the Syrian political and military hierarchy, and even became the chief adviser to the Minister of Defense, before being caught by Syrian counterintelligence and sentenced to death. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eli…
After a composer released a song that was just 60 seconds of silence, he was sued by the estate of a man who had released a similar track, called 4 minutes and 33 seconds of silence. His defense was, "I have been able to say in one minute what he could only say in four minutes and 33 seconds" cnn.com/2002/SHOWBIZ/Musi…
Many moth species have developed sonic defenses to help camouflage themselves from bats. One example is the male hawk moth which stridulates their genitalia mid flight to produce a sound at that effectively acts like a sonar jammer. pnas.org/content/112/20/6…
Botswana did not even create a military for ten years after gaining independence. Cross-border incursions from Rhodesia presented an interstate threat, rare in Africa, forcing them to professionalize defense in 1977. Despite this, Botswana is Africa's oldest democracy, never experiencing a coup. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bot…
The department of defense developed a Hellfire Missile with swords for precise target elimination with little to no collateral damage. thedrive.com/the-war-zone…
Peppers are spicy because the spiciness is supposed to be a defense mechanism against predators. labroots.com/trending/vid…
About Bass Reeves, an American law enforcement officer, the first black deputy U.S. Marshal west of the Mississippi. He was credited with arresting more than 3,000 felons and shot and killed 14 in self-defense. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bas…
America's Interstate Highway System was motivated by National Defense as much as it was by commerce. The full name is "National System of Interstate and Defense Highways". Eisenhower's military experience convinced him highways were needed to redeploy troops if America was invaded or nuked. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fed…
Today I learned about the Million Man March, a large gathering of African-American men that took place in Washington DC in 1995. It aimed to "convey to the world a vastly different picture of the Black male" and to unite in self-defense against economic and social ills plaguing the African American community. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mil…
Curry in Japan was introduced in the 1870 through the UK Navy to the Japan Maritime self-defense force base. In those days eating meat was rare in Japan and the curry masked the scent. In the 1920's curry was made available to the public through restaurants and became a staple food in Japan. youtu.be/KdZNdx_lFBU
Today I learned about the Blue Glaucus, or Blue Sea Dragon, a shell less gastropod that swims through the ocean upside down, preys on Portuguese Man O Wars and keeps their nemocytes so it can sting in self defense. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gla…
The US Army experimented with using "platoons" of geese to guard sites run by the 32nd Air Defense Command content.time.com/time/mag…
Some US states maintain their own state "defense forces" separate from US national guard units. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sta…
The US Army conducted human research experiments on 200 prisoners to find a treatment for Malaria during WWII. After the war, defense attorneys for Nazi doctors charged with war crimes cited the malaria experiments for defense. nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056…
In 1713, a pair of Brazilian monks took a swarm of termites to court for eating their monastery. The termites were acquitted when the defense successfully argued that the monks were trespassing on the insects' land, and they were ordered to compensate them by providing a replacement habitat alphahistory.com/pastpecu…
Today I learned of the Staten Island Quarantine War, which began in 1800 the City of New York began quarantining patients on nearby Staten Island. Locals resisted for years, ultimately burning down the facility. At trial the leaders of the attack successfully argued that they had destroyed it in self-defense. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sta…
Alaric, who became King of the Visigoths and sacked Rome in 410 CE, was conscripted as a Roman soldier earlier in his life. While fighting in the Alpine passes, he likely learned the weaknesses of Rome's natural defenses. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ala…
Today I learned of Bass Reeves, the first black deputy U.S. Marshall in the West. A former slave, he is credited with capturing over 3,000 felons and killing 14 in self defense. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bas…
In 1977 Tony Kiritsis held Richard Hall hostage for 63 hours before surrendering, Kiritsis was found not guilty by reason of insanity. At the time of the trial, Indiana law required the prosecution to prove the defendant sane, the law has subsequently changed so defense has to prove insanity. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ton…
The principal designer of the B-2 Stealth Bomber, Department of Defense engineer Noshir Gowadia, was convicted in 2001 of using classified information to assist the People's Republic of China in producing cruise missiles with stealth technology. He was sentenced to 32 Years. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ADX…
In the early 1940's the group, ABCDEF (American Boys' Club for the Defense of Errol Flynn) was formed en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_…
When confronted, short-horned lizards shoot streams of blood from the corner of their eyes as a defense mechanism. nationalgeographic.com/an…
Playing zone defense in the NBA was a violation until 2001 and a man-to-man defensive scheme was required. theguardian.com/sport/201…
The Shaggy defense, AKA "It Wasn't Me", is a real legal strategy often cited in criminal proceedings and legal writing as such. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sha…
In 2010, The U.S. Air Force made the fastest computer in the US Defense Department with 1,760 PlayStation 3's phys.org/news/2010-12-air…
One of Switzerland’s defense strategies is to demolish every main road, bridge and railway access into Switzerland in case of a foreign invasion, with at least 3,000 locations around the country prepared to blow at a moment’s notice. expatica.com/ch/about/bas…
The Matrix can be used as a court case defense. The defendant claims that they committed a crime because they believed they were in the Matrix. Using this defense, a defendant can allege they never intended death for their victim because they believed the victim to be alive in the other reality. wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Ma…
Charlize Theron's mom killed her dad in self defense. Charlize was 15-years-old. people.com/movies/charliz…
Infamous streaker, Mark Roberts, was sponsored by GoldenPalace.com to streak Super Bowl 38. He was paid $1 million, given front row tickets on the 50-yard line, and provided with one of the best defense attorneys in the US who was able to reduce his charges down to a misdemeanor and $1,000 fine. theguardian.com/sport/201…
After South Park aired the episode Chef Aid, the term 'Chewbacca Defense' entered the legal lexicon. The legal strategy aims to deliberately confuse juries than refute cases. The practice was widely used by lawyers before the episode, but South Park gave it a term. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che…
There is a version of the insanity defense known as the Matrix defense. The defendant claims that they committed the crime because they believed they were in the Matrix and not in the real world. The defense has successfully been used to put people in mental care facilities instead of prisons. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The…
It’s hypothesized that warm-bloodedness evolved in mammals and birds because it provided defense against fungal infections. Very few fungi can survive the body temperatures of warm-blooded animals. By comparison, insects, reptiles, and amphibians are plagued by fungal infections. wikipedia.org/wiki/Warm-b…
Today I learned of the "Miracle" at Missionary Ridge during the US Civil War, when Union soldiers, after completing an ordered assault, went on seemingly of their own volition to storm up and drive back an "impregnable" entrenched Confederate defense on a high ridge. historyofwar.org/articles…
During the Siege of Constantinople, Mehmed II had several ships rolled across Galata on greased logs in order to get to the Golden Horn, which was necessary to weaken the defenses of the city. britannica.com/event/Fall…
Humming helps your sinuses produce more nitric oxide which is one of the bodies defenses for killing bad bacteria in your sinus passages. atsjournals.org/doi/full/…
The first Grand Wizard of the KKK later changed his mind and argued in defense of racial equality en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nat…
The Spanish dancer (Hexabranchus sanguineus) is one of the largest sea slugs in the world and it can grow to 40 cm in length. Like most nudibranchs, it is brightly colored and has defenses. When disturbed on the ocean floor, the slug curls and undulates its body using flamenco moves to escape. oceana.org/marine-life/ce…
Coca-Cola was sued by a consumer protection agency for misleading health claims regarding VitaminWater, which contains 33 grams of sugar per bottle. Coca-Cola's defense was that "no consumer could reasonably be misled into thinking VitaminWater was a healthy beverage.” huffingtonpost.com/entry/…
In Texas a jury can give the final sentence for murder instead of a judge. As a result, Texas has "misdemeanor murders" where a convicted murderer gets a light sentence like probation because the defense convinced the jury that the victim deserved it. dallasnews.com/news/inves…
The longest UN speech in history was delivered by Indian Defense Minister Krishna Menon in 1957. Defending India's stand on Kashmir, the speech lasted eight hours and ended with his collapse and hospitalization due to exhaustion en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V._…
Today I learned about Philippe PΓ©tain, who successfully lead the defense of Verdun during WWI and became the savior and hero of France; only to lead the nation again in WWII and surrender it to Hitler. He later was charged with high treason, jailed and died a hated, broken man. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phi…
Dan White, killer of Harvey Milk and the mayor of San Francisco, was charged with Voluntary Manslaughter rather than murder. The Defense had argued that White's mental state was impaired by depression, as proven by him recently eating sugary foods. This became known as the "Twinkie Defense." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dan…
This brightly colored Crown-of-thorns Starfish is native to coastal areas of southeast Asia. It is a well-known coral predator, and outbreaks of tens of thousands of individuals have been known to cause harm to coral reefs in some areas. The thorny spines are used for defense from predators. oceana.org/marine-life/co…
The Pentagon, while physically in Arlington VA, has 6 Washington DC Zip Codes: one for each military branch, one for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and one for the Defense Secretary virginiaplaces.org/milita…
Today I learned of the 'Taxi Driver' assassin John Hinckley Jr. His obsession with Jodie Foster led to an assassination attempt on Reagan and the subsequent innocent verdict led to law changes surrounding the insanity defense. He was released from the psychiatric ward in 2016. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joh…
The owner of top defense contractor Lockheed Corporation, Allan Loughead started out building and operating aircrafts for paying passengers on sightseeing tours in California, but folded in 1920 due to the flood of surplus aircraft deflating the market after World War I. wikipedia.org/wiki/Lockhe…
On Oct. 5, 1986, referee Ben Dreith made his famous "giving him the business" call during a New York Jets-Bills game. "Personal foul, No. 99 of the defense," Dreith announced. "After he tackled the quarterback, he was giving him the business down there." Dreith gave a mini-demonstration. youtu.be/3LNJnHPUlaI
The "fresh cut grass" smell is actually a chemical defense released by leafy plants trying to mitigate the damage just inflicted upon itself. These chemicals help close the wound faster and prevent bacterial infection. mentalfloss.com/article/3…
The Caroline affair, an obscure 1837-38 spat between Britain and Canadian and U.S. civilians, is the basis for much of modern law about anticipatory self-defense and "preemptive strikes" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Car…
Geoffrey Fieger, defense attorney for Jack Kevorkian (Dr. Death), is the older brother of Doug Fieger, lead vocalist of The Knack (who sang β€œMy Sharona”). en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geo…
The GPS service used globally is paid for by the U.S. Department of Defense, and costs upwards of a billion dollars annually. gps.gov/policy/funding/
During the Dardanelles Operation in 1807, the Royal Navy tried to seize Istanbul. In the defense a Turkish battery used the 340 year old Dardanelles Gun that was used to siege Constantinople. The ancient weapon caused the British squadron suffered 28 casualties. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dar…
Opiliones, "Daddy Longlegs” (not spiders) have penises, unlike other arachnids. One defense mechanism for them is autotomy, or voluntary appendage amputation. Detached limbs may twitch up to an hour after removal due to a respiratory system which breathes through holes and tunnels in their legs. pbs.org/newshour/science/…
The Pleitos colombinos were a series of lawsuits that the heirs of Christopher Columbus brought against the Crown of Castile and LeΓ³n in defense of the privileges obtained by Columbus for his discoveries in the New World. Most of the lawsuits took place between 1508 and 1536. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ple…
Today I learned of the Chewbacca Defense, a legal tactic that confuses the jury rather than factually refuting the opponent's case. The term originated in an episode of "South Park" that satirized the closing argument of the O.J Simpson trial, and is now widely used. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che…
The first recognized β€œTrial of the Century (Thaw, 1907)” has also the first reported use of the term β€œbrain storm” with the added bonus of a very specific type of temporary insanity defense called β€œDementia Americana”. famous-trials.com/thaw/40…
Pearls are formed inside the shell of certain mollusks as a defense mechanism against a parasite. youtu.be/m07OvPEoR6g
The US Air Force drops every christmas since 1952 10s of thousands of pounds of supply, food, toys and commodities on the islands of Micronesia. It is the longest running mission of the United States Department of Defense and the longest running humanitarian airlift in the world. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ope…
Mel Ignatow was acquitted of the murder of his girlfriend... selling his house to fund his defense. However, photos of him actually comitting the murder were found inside the house, but due to double-jeapordy laws, he couldn't be tried again en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mel…
When the U.S. refused to sell jet fighters to them in the early 80s due to treaties and pressure from China, Taiwan developed and produced their own, the Indigenous Defense Fighter (IDF). en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AID…
The duo's name Tenacious D, derived from "tenacious defense", a phrase used by NBA basketball sportscaster Marv Albert. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten…
The Tesla Model X has a β€œBioweapon Defense Mode” that purifies the air within the vehicle and keeps all harmful particles out in the event of an apocalyptic event theverge.com/2015/9/30/94…
The Soviet Union intended to invade the Japanese home islands at the end of WWII, and Japan was likely only spared partition as happened to Korea thanks to the fierce Japanese defense of Sakhalin Island unseenjapan.com/karafuto-…
On 9/11/2001, North East Air Defense Sector commanding officer Kevin Nasypany remarked "The hijack's not supposed to be for another hour" because they had scheduled a simulation involving politically motivated asylum-seekers hijacking a plane & landing it on a Cuba-like island vanityfair.com/news/2006/…
Cuckoo birds can be both parasitic AND symbiotic. The chicks of cuckoos that have crow hosts evolved a defense mechanism that deters predators, so the adult crows accept and raise the cuckoo because it protects the nest and the other crow chicks. arstechnica.com/science/2…
The US Department of Defense created a supercomputer using 1,760 PS3 consoles. Compared to other supercompuing systems at the time, it cost 90-95% less to build and required only one tenth of the power to operate datacenterdynamics.com/an…
"maledictology" is a branch of psychology that does research into cursing and swearing. Research assumes that swearing is part of human life and can even act as a passive self-defense, since it prevents palpable argument en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mal…
Jonathan James was only 15 when he hacked into the systems of NASA and the United States Department of Defense in June 1999 . Since he was a juvenile, he was charged with 2 counts of β€œjuvenile delinquency” placed under a 6 month home arrest and asked to write apology letters to NASA and DOD en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon…
Reaction Formation is an ego defense mechanism in which emotions and impulses which are anxiety-producing or perceived to be unacceptable are mastered by exaggeration of the directly opposing tendency. For example, if you feel hate towards someone you will express love in order to conceal it. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rea…
Normally, the scales of a sea mouse are a deep red sheen, warning off predators, but when the light shines on them perpendicularly, they flush green and blue. This structural coloration is a defense mechanism, giving a warning signal to potential predators. youtu.be/uPk20s3wRbU
THC, the most psychoactive part of cannabis, is believed to be involved in the plant's self-defense against insect predation, ultraviolet light, and environmental stress. But humans use it to get high. internationalhempassociat…
A Shaggy Defense is the name given to a legal strategy in which the defendant flatly denies guilt in the face of overwhelming evidence against them. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sha…
In 1995 AndrΓ© Dallaire, armed with a knife, broke into the Prime Minister of Canada's residence. Jean & Aline ChrΓ©tien locked themselves in their bedroom and brandished a soap stone sculpture for defense. It took the RCMP 7 minutes to respond because they forgot their key to 24 Sussex Drive. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/And…
In 2010, the US Department of Defense connected 1,760 Playstation 3 consoles to create the Condor Cluster supercomputer. It cost $2 million to build, and only uses about 10% the energy consumption of a comparable supercomputer. phys.org/news/2010-12-air…
Creator of Java, Patrick Naughton, met and lured who he thought was a 13 year old blond girl off the internet for sex, got caught and said he believed it was a mature woman. This lead to what’s now known as the β€œFantasy Defense” for pedophiles. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pat…
The slow loris is the only recognized venomous primate. At roughly 2 lbs the slow loris secretes a toxin that when mixed with it’s saliva creates a substance that while mainly used in defense can be fatal to humans. io9.gizmodo.com/this-cute…

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