Today I learned about Judith Catchpole, a young maidservant in the colony of Maryland, who was tried in 1656 for witchcraft and killing her newborn child. The judge summoned an all-female jury, who determined that Judith did not kill her child - in fact, there were no signs that Judith had even been pregnant. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jud…
Ants sleep by taking about 250 one minute naps throughout their day. It totals just under 5 hours of sleep. This allows for 80% of their colony to be awake, working and prepared at any given moment. kingstownelawn.com/blog/d…
The Samurai fled to California and founded a colony in 1869. The Wakamatsu Tea and Silk Farm Colony is believed to be the first permanent settlement and the only settlement by samurai outside of Japan. It was founded by Japanese (mainly Samurai) immigrants fleeing the Samurai's disbanding. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wak…
Wood ants practice chemistry, and will synthesize an antibiotic substance using tree resin and formic acid to protect the health of their colony. It is considered to be the most advanced act of evolutionary pharmacology seen in the animal kingdom youtu.be/vt7jGGroF0Q?t=14…
The communal chatter of snapping shrimp colonies on the ocean floor created enough white noise that the U.S. Navy successfully hid submarines near them during WWII, avoiding detection by underwater Japanese hydrophones. bbc.com/earth/story/20160…
The first Native American who met the Pilgrims at Plymouth Colony walked into their encampment and greeted them in English. Which he had begun to learn from fishermen frequenting the waters of Maine. Supposedly, he greeted them then asked if they had beer. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam…
Ant queens can take over other colonies by murdering their real queen and bathing in her bodily fluids to avoid detection. Since ants can only parasitize other specific species, it is speculated that some ants decorate their homes with the heads of other ant species to mask their own scent. nationalgeographic.com/an…
Poland attempted colonization as well. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth established their 1st colony in Trinidad & Tobago in 1654. Poland & the Dutch fought for control over the island until Poland lost it in 1690. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Col…
Although the Philippines was a Spanish colony, they were ruled by Mexico via the Viceroy of New Spain for almost 250 years bworldonline.com/our-ties…
Britain did not send a Men's Field Hockey team to the summer olympics between 1928 & 1947, fearing embarrassment as their (former) colony was considered the better team. When they first met in 1948, post Indian Independence, Britain lost the Finals to India 4- 0. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fie…
There is a wild colony of wallabies living in the countryside on the Isle of Man, apparently stemming from a pair escaping from a wildlife park in 1965. bbc.co.uk/news/world-euro…
Haiti was the wealthiest colony in the French empire. Before the Haitian revolution, Haiti produced around 40% of sugar and 60% of coffee imported to Europe. slaveryandremembrance.org…
Penguins can get disoriented and end up in places far away from their colonies. Even if they are brought back to their colonies, they will instantly leave and resume their march towards a certain death. youtube.com/watch?v=0Y-hf…
Today I learned of Anthony Janszoon and Grietse Reyniers. Landed in New Amsterdam in 1630 Janszoon born a pirate was known for his dark complexion and defense of minorities, Reyniers for her wild, sexual ways. Between 1638–1639, the couple accounted for fifteen of ninety-three recorded court cases in the colony en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant…
The largest action of the American War of Independence was actually the Great Siege of Gibraltar (1779-1783) by a combined French & Spanish force, showing how the Thirteen Colonies were merely one theatre of a much wider war. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gre…
Today I learned of the Johnson family. Recorded in American history as one of the earliest Black business dynasties, in the 1600s they ran a tobacco operation in the Colony of Virginia. asunow.asu.edu/20190819-d…
Beaver colonies can occupy an area for 1000s of years. Lewis Henry Morgan observed and mapped beaver ponds in Michigan's Upper Peninsula in the 1800s and 150 years later 75% of the original dams and ponds were still there. sciencemag.org/news/2015/…
In the distant past it would still be 2020! Early on, the American colonies used the Julian calendar which started the legal year on March 25th. It wasn't until 1752 that we changed to the Gregorian calendar which starts the new year on January 1st. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dua…
A Russian cat was used by prisoners to sneak drugs into their penal colony near Moscow. The cat allegedly had 5.79 grams of hashish & 1.56 grams of amphetamine under its collar. Defense/prosecution lawyers each wanted the cat to support their case but it escaped from its kennel before trial. telegraph.co.uk/news/2019…
Edgar Rice Burroughs wrote 23 sequels to Tarzan of the Apes. The ape-man discovers he is John Clayton, Lord of Greystoke, fights alongside Germans in WWI, finds a colony of Atlantis and the City of Gold, befriends a tribe of dog-sized humans, and has other bizarre adventures. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tar…
The Maluku Islands were the world's sole source of nutmeg, cloves, and mace. The islands were occupied by the Portuguese, Dutch, French, English, and Dutch again. During a British occupation spice tree seedlings were stolen and taken to British colonies thus depreciating the islands' value. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inv…
In 1784 Britain introduced a brick tax to pay for wars in the Americas Colonies. Bricks were taxed per thousand. This resulted in manufacturers using larger bricks. In 1801, the government responded by limiting the dimensions of a brick and doubling the tax on larger bricks en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bri…
Britain's first overseas colony, Newfoundland (claimed in 1583), was offered a referendum to join Canada in 1948. Despite Canada and Britain supporting the union, it failed to gain a majority of public support. A second referendum was held the next month with fewer options. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/194…
Henry Ford once tried to start a colony in the middle of the Brazilian rainforest called "Fordlandia", in which the locals were forced to live a midwestern American lifestyle until they rebelled and chased their managers into the forest en.wikipedia.org/wiki/For…
The Ludlow Massacre. In 1914, The Colorado National Guard and the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company open-fired with machine guns on a tent colony of striking coal miners and their families, killing 21 people. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lud…
Naked mole rat queens can sexually repress males she doesn't want to mate with (and keep the rest of the colony from undergoing puberty, too) popsci.com/naked-mole-rat…
Today I learned about Francis Salvador, a Sephardic Jew from London who was the first Jew elected to public office in the Colonies and the first Jew killed in the fight for Independence against the British, while fighting loyalist soldiers in South Carolina. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fra…
Today I learned that colonies of parakeets exist in 23 US states, originating from escaped pets. They can thrive in climates ranging from Chicago to Miami! audubon.org/news/exotic-p…
Solitary Bees can pollinate exponentially more flowers than honey bees and there are many important bees that live alone not in a colony johnson.k-state.edu/lawn-…
Colonial settlers in Jamestown, Virginia, America's first permanent English colony, survived a famine in 1609 by resorting to cannibalism and consuming a 14-year old girls brain. theguardian.com/world/201…
Today I learned of Sonya Golden Hand, a Russian female con artist who committed several carefully planned robberies and stole tens of thousands of rubles. She was eventually captured and exiled to a penal colony. She was moved into solitary confinement after trying to escape the colony dressed as a guard. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Son…
Slavery was actually prohibited in the colony of Georgia when it was founded in 1732, and the colony did not legalize slavery for several decades. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pro…
Bumblebees hate pumpkin pollen. When bumblebees are fed the pollen, it causes all kinds of problems. Adults have damaged and distorted digestive tracts and colonies fed cucurbit pollen failed to rear any offspring. phys.org/news/2020-03-bum…
Today I learned about Snottites, dripping colonies of bacteria that are formed on the roofs of caves with atmospheres high in sulphuric acid. They are essentially living stalactites. nasa.gov/vision/universe/…
Parts of modern day Pennsylvania belonged the Swedish colony of New Sweden. It was established during the Thirty Years' War, when Sweden was a great military power. It existed from 1638 to 1655 during the Second Northern War, when it was incorporated into the Dutch colony of New Netherland. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sec…
Scientists discovered a cannibalistic ant colony composed entirely of worker ants in a abandoned Soviet Bunker in Poland. They had fallen down ventilation pipes leading into the bunker and reverted to cannibalism to survive. The scientists built a bridge that allowed most of them to escape. newsweek.com/cannibal-ant…
The French penal colony portrayed in the movie Papillion would feed the dead prisoners to the sharks surrounding the island. They rang a dinner bell for the sharks! documentarytube.com/artic…
Today I learned of two experiments that had participants living in conditions resembling those on a future Martian colony for 520 days and 8 months respectively. Psychologists are using the data to design software that will help the first Mars settlers tackle mental health and interpersonal issues. apa.org/monitor/2018/06/m…
The Connecticut Witch Trials were the first large scale witch trials in the American Colonies, predating the Salem Witch Trials by nearly 30 years. The first recorded witch execution in the Colonies was of Alse Young in Hartford, CT during 1647. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Con…
Today I learned about Francis Salvador, first Jewish person elected to an office in the 13 colonies and the first Jew to die for the American cause in the Revolutionary War en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fra…
The date on Plymouth Rock, 1620, was carved into the famous rock in 1880, a full 260 years after the Mayflower Pilgrims founded Plymouth Colony. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ply…
There's a species of ants that abducts larvae of other colonies to use them as slaves. Their own "workers" do nothing but these raids. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pol…
Harvard used to have an "Indian College". They were low on funds in the 1640s, and thus obtained funds from an England religious charity to educate (and convert) Native-Americans. The schools building opened in 1656, the first in Harvard Yard. It housed the first printing press in the colonies. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Har…
Today I learned about the β€œPhillip Island fox”, a pet fox that jumped from a ship in 1907 and swam till Phillip Island, home to extensive colonies of seabirds including penguins. The fox put their population in danger and it was later joined by other foxes, starting a β€œfox eradication” hunt that lasted decades decision-point.com.au/art…
Today I learned of Hutterites, a communal branch of Anabaptists where colonies are limited in size. Once an upper limit is reached they branch off into daughter colonies by putting two pieces of paper, labeled "Group A" and "Group B", into a hat. The name drawn indicates which group is leaving. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hut…
King George had a reply to the Declaration of Independence sent back called An Answer to the Declaration of the American Congress. It picked apart the Declaration at length, including pointing out that one cannot claim "all men are created equal" when the Colonies still allowed slavery. study.com/academy/lesson/…
There were two witchcraft trials in Plymouth Colony 50 years before the Salem Trials. Unlike the later, more infamous trials, the accused were found Not Guilty and their accusers were fined for giving false statements mayflowerhistory.com/crim…
The Portuguese Man of War is not a jellyfish, but a colony of multiple organisms! nationalgeographic.com/an…
, Ant traps don’t literally trap and kill ants. Workers carry small portions of the bait back to the nest where it is transferred mouth to mouth to other workers, larvae, and queens to kill the entire colony. terminix.com/blog/diy/rem…
Blackdom was a historic freedom colony in Chaves County, New Mexico, that was founded by African-American settlers in 1901 and abandoned in the mid-1920s. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bla…

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