Judit Polgar was the only female chess player to reach the top 50. She was the product of an educational experiment by her father, who wanted to prove that "geniuses are made, not born". As such, he decided to vigarously train his daughters for chess from a young age en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jud…
Bobby Fischer is believed to have played online chess in the year 2000, well after his last known game in 1982 en.chessbase.com/post/the…
The "queen" in chess used to be the "advisor" which could only move one square diagonally. It wasn't until chess was brought to Europe and the rise of female monarchs during the 15th century was the "advisor" replaced with the "queen". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Que…
Today I learned about LΓ‘szlΓ³ PolgΓ‘r, a Hungarian psychologist who believed "geniuses are not born, they are made." He raised all 3 of his daughters to play chess every day. All 3 became chess prodigies and grandmasters. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C…
A computer beat the best chess player on earth in '97, but it would take 20 years before one beat the best "Go" player, due to the incredibly complex nature of the game. The program - AlphaGo - is so complex even the programmers themselves can't fully explain how it creates strategy. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alp…
In 1997 the second highest rated Chess player in America was a prisoner who played largely through letter correspondence. He was accused of inflating his rating by fixing matches against other inmates, and briefly escaped prison after bolting when permitted to attend a chess tournament. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cla…
In 1973, a chess tournament in the American city of Cleveland was raided by law enforcement officers, who arre-sted the tournament director and confiscated the chess sets, on charges of allowing gambling (cash prizes to winners) and possession of gambling devices (the chess sets) thechessworld.com/article…
Today I learned of the Orangutan Opening, a chess opening so named because the grandmaster Tartakower "consulted" an orangutan at a zoo the day before a tournament game, who "somehow indicated, Tartakower insisted, that he should open with b4". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sok…
Today I learned about Beirut Chess, a Chess variant in which players secretly equip one of their men with a "bomb", which can be detonated at any time, wiping out all pieces on surrounding squares. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bei…
Today I learned of the chess move "en passant," which allows a pawn to capture an opposing pawn that moved two squares as if it only moved one. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/En_…
During the Russian revolution, Ossip Bernstein won his own life by beating the commander of a firing squad in a game of chess. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oss…
DeepMind developed an AI, called AlphaZero, that learned to master chess in under 4 hours. The AI then went on to beat the world-class program Stockfish and two other chess programs. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alp…
Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov was a pair of chess matches between the then world chess champion Garry Kasparov and an IBM supercomputer called Deep Blue played in 1996 and 1997. The 1997 match was the first defeat of a reigning world chess champion by a computer under tournament conditions. independent.co.uk/sport/g…
1783 the grand master Philodor played and won three chess games simultaneously while blindfolded. Witnesses signed affidavits since they doubted future generations would believe such a feat was possible. chess.com/clubs/forum/vie…
The worst result in a simultaneous chess exhibition was 2 wins and 18 losses by Joe Hayden. He wanted to set a record by playing 180 people simultaneously but only 20 showed up to play. His 2 wins were scored against his mother and a player who got tired of waiting and left in mid-game. trivia-library.com/b/wors…
Today I learned about Correspondence Chess, a form of chess played over long distances, whereby participants would play their games via postcards. A single match could last up to several years. wikipedia.org/wiki/Corres…
The New Orleans Creole restaurant Brennan's is located in the house where 19th century chess master Paul Morphy lived. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bre…
The first documented game of chess with modern rules is a 15th-century poem using chess as an allegory for love. The 1st stanza in each group represents White's move ("Love"), the 2nd one Black's move ("Glory"), both debating about love, and the 3rd one a comment on the rules by the arbiter en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sca…
The queen piece in chess used to only move one square at a time. Later on, this was changed to the movement we know today thanks to the 15th century Queen Isabella of Spain. newyorker.com/magazine/20…
Today I learned about the game Chess Boxing. Where players alternate between playing chess and boxing. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che…
The late Larry Evans, US chess Grandmaster and author, was also a blackjack card counter, good enough to get "banned from casino to casino" in the 1960s. archive.boston.com/boston…
Chess prodigy Bobby Fischer invented a chess variation which randomized the starting positions of the home row pieces to reward creativity over memorization. wikipedia.org/wiki/Fische…
The 2-step initial pawn move is absent in Indian chess; thus, en passant is also absent. Normal castling with rook and king is absent. The king can make a knight's move once in a game, known as Indian castling. On reaching the opposite end of the board, pawns promote to the piece of that square. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ind…
The earliest chess rating system ranked players by their handicap needed to beat chess masters (e.g., a "rook player" or "pawn and move player") rather than the ELO system we have today (e.g., a "1200 player") en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han…
During the 1972 world chess championship, Henry Kissinger made a call to Bobby Fischer, the youngest grand master at his time, to persuade him go back finish the game he forfeited because his own paranoia. unredacted.com/2013/07/19…
In medieval games of chess, pawns that had been promoted to queen would be given the title of an "advisor," so as to not imply that the king had more than one queen or was unfaithful. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Que…
The first Tsar of Russia, Ivan the Terrible, had a minister in charge of the fortunetellers, who had been gathered from all over Russia after the appearance of a comet, and who had foretold the tsar's death - and he died in that minister's arms of a stroke when they sat down to play chess en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bog…
In chess after the first move, 400 board setups exist. After the second pair of turns, there are 197,742 possible ways the match can play out; after 3 moves, 121 mill. Estimated at over 10^120 moves, there are more ways a chess game can play out than there are atoms in the universe. popsci.com/science/articl…
In 1851 Chess grandmaster Adolf Anderssen won a game, later dubbed β€œThe Immortal Game” on the 23rd move after sacrificing his Queen, both of his Rooks and one of his Bishops. youtu.be/AaKWUiiEHgA
Hungarian inventor Kempelen Farkas made a "robot" called the Turk in 1770. It was able to play a strong game of chess of against an opponent and noticed cheating. People around the world believed it to be a machine, however an operator was inside and playing as the Turk the whole time. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The…
The last known win at chess by a human against a top performing computer under normal tournament conditions was in 2005 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hum…
Alexander alekhine the great chess player was forced to play a match to decide his fate . If he lost he would have been executed. He won ! chess.com/article/view/al…
The Queen piece in chess was originally a Visier, akin to prime minister. In Europe, according to one theory, it changed to a queen during the 13th century as prominent European Queens (Eleanor of Aquitaine/Blanche of Castile) better reflected the role of a King's source of power and influence. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Que…
Today I Learned Multiple of different variants of Chess around the Globe. Shogi is the Japanese version with an official player league/organization. Fun Fact Shogi allows for eliminated pieces to be re-positioned on the board allowing for an entire different end-game strategy. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sho…
Former NBA player Steve Nash was an accomplished chess player at a young age but quit in the fourth grade after making an opponent cry basketballnetwork.net/ste…
Chess Grand Master Ossip Bernstein was arrested by the Bolshevik secret police and ordered to be shot. As the firing squad lined up, an officer asked if he was really the famous chess master. The officer made Bernstein play a game for his life against him. Bernstein won easily and was released. historycollection.co/ches…
Famed Chess player Bobby Fischer is such an anti-semite that he once journaled "it’s ... time for vigilante killings of Jews – random killings of Jews." He even drafted a letter to Osama Bin Laden sharing his hatred and is a vehement holocaust denier. chesshistory.com/winter/w…
In 1947, chess grandmaster Miguel Najdorf played a record 45 simultaneous games of blindfolded chess. He had no way of contacting any friends or family who might have survived the Holocaust, and broke the record in hopes they might see the news coverage. The record stood for 64 years. en.chessbase.com/post/48-…
Chess is played at least once a year by 12% of British people, 15% of Americans, 23% of Germans, 43% of Russians, and 70% of Indian people en.wikipedia.org/wiki/His…
Experiments found that master-level chess players could remember a position from a chess game perfectly after viewing it for 5 seconds. Players below master level were not able to do this. However, with pieces placed randomly on the board, the chess masters weren't able to remember the position. chessprogramming.org/Chun…
Benjamin Franklin used chess as a means of learning Italian. He would play games with a friend who was also studying the language. The winner of their match assigned a task to the loser; such as making them learn some Italian grammar, which had to be performed before their next match. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben…
Bobby Fischer, who won the World Chess Championship in 1972, became reclusive and erratic. 1992, he re-emerged, playing in Yugoslavia, which led to a conflict with the US government and a warrant for his arrest was issued. Eventually, he was granted asylum in Iceland, where he died in 2008 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob…
One of the first crimes recorded in Antarctica was at the USSR's Vostok Station, where one scientist attacked another with an ice axe after losing a game of chess. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cri…
Several computer algorithms have named Bobby Fischer the best chess player in history. Years after his retirement Bobby played a grandmaster at the height of his career. He said Bobby appeared bored and effortlessly beat him 17 times in a row. "He was too good. There was no use in playing him" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob…
Saudi Arabia's grand mufti has ruled that chess is forbidden in Islam, saying it encourages gambling and is a waste of time. theguardian.com/world/201…
Bobby Fischer invented the Fischer clock, the standard chess clock in major tournaments. It was even used in his match against Spassky in 1992. Fischer later complained he was cheated out of the royalties. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob…
When Deep Blue, the chess-playing computer developed by IBM, became the first computer system to defeat world champion Garry Kasparov in a match under standard chess tournament time controls, Kasparov accused IBM of cheating and demanded a rematch. IBM refused and dismantled Deep Blue. wikipedia.org/wiki/Deep_B…
Charles Babbage lost 2 games of chess to the Mechanical Turk, an automaton with a chess player hidden inside that fooled people that a machine could play chess. He knew it was a hoax but it inspired his work on the Difference Engine and then the Analytical Engine, the world's first computer. theparisreview.org/blog/2…
Alan Turing developed the first computer program for playing chess in 1951. However, no computer was powerful enough to process it, so Turing tested it by doing the calculations himself and playing according to the results, taking several minutes per move. ohfact.com/chess-facts/
In chess, white is slightly more likely to win than black in competitive matches. White wins 52% to 56% of the time compared to black. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fir…

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