Milo Aukerman went to the same school as Arnold Schwarzenegger and received a PHD
Honestly, it's more that I'm relearning this every time I have to read a new paper for my biochemistry seminar at college. These things are MURDER on your attention span.
If you're looking for another "popular science" article/publication, this isn't it. However, you just may learn a thing or two about the chemistry of drugs.
The alkalinity (high pH) of the cigar smoke enables the mucous membranes of the mouth to absorb nicotine in the same way that people "free-base" crack-cocaine and other substances. Anything with a nitrogen atom can exist in a free-base for or a salt form. Salts, however, do not pass through mucous membranes in the mouth very well (e.g. you can't absorb salt into your body by gargling table salt water in your mouth). My best guess is that the higher pH can be attributed to the greater density of nitrogenous heterocycles (like pyridines, which would yield a higher overall smoke pH) found within this unrefined tobacco. Processing of tobacco in normal American cigarettes probably protonates/destroys a chunk of these basic amines.
Also, another fun fact is that you can practically free base any drug that would have "_____ * HCl" in th... keep reading on reddit ➡
while reading my chemistry for embalming book today, smack dab in the middle of learning about factors affecting reaction rates, i learned that:
"...Even when special chemicals are used, photochemical reaction is possible. If an embalmed, jaundiced remains is exposed to ordinary fluorescent lights, the remains will turn bright green in a matter of a few hours. The reason for this change is the lack of one component of visible light in ordinary fluorescent lamps. This condition may be avoided by the use of "color-corrected" fluorescent lights that do not lack this component of light. In fct, the color-corrected lights will produce a photochemical reaction resulting in a pink tint of the skin." (thanatochemistry: a survey of general, organic and biochemistry for funeral service professionals, james m. dorn and barbara m. hopkins, 2010)
the more you know...