Human milk contains components that are indigestible to human infants. Instead, these components seem to have evolved specifically to feed important gut bacteria. phys.org/news/2017-04-ben…
The bellybutton is so dirty scientists are finding new unknown bacteria. One person had bacterium previously found only on Japanese soil, where he had never been. theatlantic.com/health/ar…
You should wait 72 hours after it rains to swim in the ocean. Storm runoff that empties into the ocean carries increased levels of contaminants, like bacteria, fertilizers, and sewage. Swimming in the ocean too soon can increase your risk of various infections. caseagrant.ucsd.edu/news/…
The underwater wreckage of Titanic will disappear by 2030. It's being 'eaten away' by a microorganism "Halomonas titanicae". Also known as the "steel-munching bacteria', they have a special liking towards metals. scienceabc.com/eyeopeners…
It's theorized that Mitochondrion were originally a separate organism which became incorporated symbiotically into other bacteria at some point en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mit…
The holes in Swiss cheese are called eyes and come from carbon dioxide bubbles released by the bacteria inside. Swiss cheese without the holes is referred to as blind en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swi…
When insects are electrocuted by bug zappers, it can spread a mist containing insect parts up to about 2 metres from the device. The air around the bug zapper can become contaminated by bacteria and viruses that can be inhaled by people or settle on food. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bug…
Viruses aren't living beings like bacteria, but rather they behave more like androids that hijack living cells and then replicate. This is why antibiotics don't work with viruses as they do with bacteria; with viruses it’s hard to kill something that isn’t quite alive to begin with khanacademy.org/test-prep…
The reason eggs are refrigerated in the US, unlike most of the world, is because eggs are washed which removes the natural barrier for bacteria. organicvalley.coop/blog/w…
Bacteria are becoming more tolerant of hand sanitizers, but that regular hand washing with soap is a solution: β€œIt's the physical action of lifting and moving them off your skin, and letting them run down the drain” npr.org/sections/goatsand…
There is a toxic lake in Butte- MT, which was an old mining site now filled with toxic waters. Scientists have found use of this lake in researching about microbes which thrive in these extreme conditions, helping our fight against antibiotic-resistant bacteria and diseases like cancer cen.acs.org/biological-ch…
There is a procedure called "fecal transplantation". The doctor transplants feces from a healthy donor into another person to restore the balance of bacteria in their gut. healthline.com/health/fec…
HMOs are a type of sugar found only in human breast milk. They are not digestible by the infant child. Instead the feed the 'good' intestinal bacteria, thereby increasing the health of the infant's intestinal microbiome. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hum…
Today I learned about Wu Lien-Teh, β€œThe Plague Fighter,” a doctor who developed thicker, more substantial masks to be used against the pneumonic plague in Manchuria during 1910-1911. Dr. Wu identified the bacteria as airborne, and successfully contained the plague; the epidemic ended after 7 months. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_…
β€œfrito paws” or β€œcorn chip paws” can be attributed to Pseudomonas and Proteus bacteria. newhavenpethospital.com/b…
Dog mouths aren't any cleaner than human mouths, and can even host a great amount of bacteria, including various parasites and more. petmd.com/dog/pet-lover/a…
Canadian researchers discovered how to convert blood types A, B and AB to universal donor O-negative. They found that human gut bacteria makes a class of enzymes which react with the non-O type red blood cells, essentially transforming them into O-negative. cbc.ca/radio/quirks/aug-2…
Phages (a group of viruses) were supposed to be studied as antibacterial agents in human medicine, but were cut short by the discovery of penicillin shortly after. With today's increasingly drug-resistant bacteria, phages are being considered once again. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/d…
Gorillas are nearly in a constant state of flatulence (farting/gas) due to a large amount of bacteria that live in their guts. This bacteria helps break down the vegetative plant matter that comprises most of their diet. youtu.be/aHOwbc8Feu4
Bacteriophages, viruses that infect bacteria, can communicate with each other and coordinate attacks. They produce a chemical called Arbitrium which signals to other phages that a host has been infected. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arb…
Some soldiers' wounds began to glow after the battle of Shiloh, and this glow was associated with better survival rates. It's thought to have been caused by an antibiotic-producing bacteria. mentalfloss.com/article/3…
The number of bacteria on earth is estimated to be 5,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000. This is five million trillion trillion or 5 x 10 to the 30th power. sciencing.com/how-many-ba…
The wonderful smell that happens after a rain shower is not one, but three distinct smells: ozone caused by lightning ripping through oxygen and nitrogen in the atmosphere, spores produced by common ground bacteria, and oils produced by plants during dry spells as an evolutionary safeguard. gizmodo.com/what-causes-t…
Since 2001, all mail sent to federal agencies in DC is treated with ionizing radiation to kill viruses and bacteria. nyti.ms/2Ucy2o6
Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin through his hobby of microbial art. Leaving a Petri dish painting of bacteria unattended for two weeks it was being killed by Penicillium fungus. Thus the antibiotic properties were studied leading to Penicillin. sciencehistory.org/histor…
A toilet hose & spray head ($15) must not be installed without an RPZ valve ($400). The fresh water supply to your house and your whole street can be infected with bacteria. vba.vic.gov.au/__data/ass…
Today I learned of Parakaryon myojinensis. A creature found only once near a hydrothermal vent south of japan, and is so unique that scientist can't agree if it's a prokaryote (bacteria, etc), an eukaryote (animals, plants, fungi, etc) or a new domain entirely. abc.net.au/science/articl…
Today I learned about the discovery of viruses (bacteriophages) that kill bacteria and how they were experimenting with them as a treatment before the discovery of penicillin. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vir…
The Yersinia pestis bacteria is responsible for 3 plague pandemics in history. This included the Plague of Justinian in the 6th century, the Black Death in the 14th century, and the Third Pandemic in the 19th and 20th century. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yer…
800 years before the Black Death, the same bacteria cause plague in the Byzantine Empire. At it's peak, the plague killed 5,000 per day in Constantinople. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pla…
In a 2005 NASA study, scientists successfully revived bacteria that had been in a frozen pond in Alaska for 32,000 years. The microbes had been frozen since when woolly mammoths still roamed the Earth. Once the ice melted, they began swimming around, unaffected, and quickly became infectious. pnas.org/content/pnas/111…
The bacteria which caused the black death, first infected Oriental Fleas by blocking their foregut, keeping them hungry and biting, to facilitate it's rapid transmission to human hosts. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bla…
Today I learned about Prions, infectious agents that are not viruses or bacteria, have no DNA, have great resistance to disinfectants/cooking, and can persist in environments for years. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pri…
Today I learned of the bacteria Actimomyces Naeslundii, which resides in the human mouth and is heavily linked to tooth decay and periodontal disease. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Act…
A cell phone contains 10 times more bacteria than a toilet seat. Recent studies have found 17,000 bacterial gene copies on phones and also that Americans check their phones about 47 times per day. time.com/4908654/cell-pho…
Ice from the UK's biggest coffee chains (Costa Coffee, Starbucks and Caffe Nero) was found to contain bacteria from faeces. The levels found were 'concerning' and should not be present in any amount. bbc.co.uk/news/business-4…
Today I learned about the French Bread Law of 1993, which outlines specific rules for the sale of bread in France. Specifically, baguettes can not be frozen before sale and must be made fresh with no additives. It even specifies a maximum pH level and bacteria counts for sourdough starters. legifrance.gouv.fr/affich…
The question of whether or not everyday fabrics can prevent the spread of disease isn't new. Scientists farted into petri dishes clothed and naked, finding that clothing (while it may allow the smell through) did appear to stop the bacteria ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Urine contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassiumβ€”key nutrients that plants need to grow. Researchers have been studying the removal of bacteria, viruses, and pharmaceuticals in urine to improve the safety of urine-derived fertilizers. phys.org/news/2020-01-uri…
Human poop, by weight, is mostly bacteria. Dead and alive bacteria. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7…
Many aromatic cheese cultures are very similar to body microbes, like foot fungus and armpit bacteria. Many scientists think the culture origins actually were foot fungus and armpit bacteria. independent.co.uk/life-st…
Bacteriophages are viruses that prey on bacteria and archaea, and some hope that phage therapy might one day be a useful alternate to antibiotics as antibiotic resistance becomes a bigger problem in treating deadly diseases en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bac…
Today I learned of Salt-Rising Bread: a bread which replaces yeast with Clostridium Perfringens, a bacteria that is the 3rd most common cause of food poisoning in the US. popsci.com/article/scienc…
In bacteria names, the 1st word often indicates what the bacteria look like under a microscope. For e.g., Staphylococcus = a cluster of spherical bacteria, where Staph = cluster and Coccus = spherical shape, or Streptobacillus, where Strep = chained together and bacillus = rod shaped. courses.lumenlearning.com…
Goldfish can suffer an internal bacteria infection in the kidneys. In the late stages of dropsy, a goldfish will have a swollen belly so severe that its scales are raised outwards and most cases at this point are terminal caringpets.org/how-to-tak…
It is estimated there are more than 10^31 bacteriophages on the planet, more than every other organism on Earth, including bacteria, combined. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bac…
Dish soap doesn't kill bacteria, it just lifts the food and grime off so that it can be rinsed away. realsimple.com/home-organ…
There is a group of single-celled organisms called Asgard archaea, Lokiarchaeum, named after the Arctic Ocean geothermal vent, Loki's Castle, where they were discovered. They are considered to be the missing link in the evolution of the cell, which separates eukaryotes like humans from bacteria. nature.com/articles/s4158…
Today I learned about Anatoli Brouchkov - a Russian scientist who injected himself with a 3.5 million year old strain of bacteria just to see what would happen. vice.com/en_us/article/yp…
Dragonfly wings kill bacteria on contact by ripping apart their cell membranes with sharp nanopillars as they move across the surface of the wing. newatlas.com/dragonfly-na…
About 95% of serotonin is produced in the gastrointestinal tract which is lined with a hundred million nerve cells, or neurons, that are influenced by bacteria. The inner workings of the digestive system don’t just help digest food, but also guide moods and emotions. health.harvard.edu/blog/n…
Today I learned that you should not wash your chicken or poultry after getting it from the store. Raw chicken may have bacteria on them but you'll kill them when cooking your food. But by washing your chicken you are can splash these bacteria around your kitchen and even making them airborne. youtube.com/watch?v=6BP6L…
If a sick person needs a transfusion of healthy gut bacteria, the only existing and most effective way is a stool transplant. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fec…
A healthy person shares their body with around 10,000 species of bacteria, fungi, and other microbes. They compose around 1 to 3 percent of your body mass. So if you are a 200-pound person, up to six pounds of you are not youβ€”but them. news.yahoo.com/body-harbo…
Today I learned of Operation Sea-Spray, when the US Navy sprayed the San Francisco Bay area with bacteria as a bioweapon test smithsonianmag.com/smart-…
Blowing out birthday candles increases bacteria on cake by 1,400% usatoday.com/story/news/w…
There is a collection of viruses in our bodies known as the virome. These viruses do not only infect us but they can also infect the bacteria(microbiome) in our bodies. The stable equilibrium of virus infecting the bacteria in our gut is believed to be why we are immune to certain viruses. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Beards can have a cheesy smell because of the odorless fatty acid in sweat that mixes with bacteria since the bacteria is feeding off of the sweat. Women have a similar problem with bacteria consuming their sweat, but the smell created is oniony malegroomed.com/why-does-…
Brass doorknobs (or any other brass objects) sterilise themselves after about 8h since bacteria have a hard time surviving on brass. This is called the Oligodynamic Effect. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oli…
Today I learned about the Hoff Crab (Kiwa tyleri), nicknamed after David Hasselhoff for it's incredibly hairy chest. It feeds by eating bacteria that grow on these hair like projections. They live near hydrothermal vents in very sulfuric environments. bbc.com/news/science-envi…
~300 million years ago, when trees died, they didn’t rot. It took 60 million years later for bacteria to evolve to be able to decompose wood. Which is where most our coal comes from nationalgeographic.com/sc…
Flashlight fish, casting a vibrant blue glow as they swim, owe their bioluminescence to the bacteria that grow in an organ underneath their eyes. It's a symbiotic relationship that allows the bacteria to obtain extra oxygen needed to survive. youtu.be/2y-WluQHFIY
Viruses can infect and kill bacteria nature.com/scitable/defin…
A 2013 study found that ice from restaurant machines contains more bacteria in it than toilet water, after staying samples from popular fast food chains in China & the United States. medicaldaily.com/beijing-…
A certain class of diabetes medication can cause infections of flesh eating bacteria in your genitals webmd.com/diabetes/news/2…
Chlamidial cells are strange organisms closely related to blue-green algae that have DNA like bacteria but can only reproduce parasitically in foreign cells like a virus. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chl…
76% of ocean animals are bioluminescent. The light is produced by a compound called luciferin, which releases light when it reacts with oxygen. All bioluminescent animals contain luciferin, but some produce their own, where others absorb bacteria that contain luciferin. oceanconservancy.org/blog…
The Belly Button Biodiversity Project. Scientists examined the genetic makeup of the bacterial found in the bellybuttons of 60 volunteers. One individual, who hadn't washed in several years, hosted 2 species of extremophile bacteria that typically thrive in ice caps and thermal vents. news.nationalgeographic.c…
Chewing sugar free gum after a meal is actually good for your teeth as it increases salivary flow in the mouth, helping neutralize and wash away the acids that are produced when food is broken down by the bacteria in plaque on teeth. ada.org/en/member-center/…
Despite movies and television, never put a raw steak or other raw meat on a black eye. The bacteria on raw meat poses a high risk of infection, and this method of treating a black eye has no scientific basis. aao.org/eye-health/diseas…
Today I learned about Movile Cave, a cave that was cut off from the outside world for ~5.5 million years. There are sulfuric vents in the cave and all organisms within rely on chemosynthetic bacteria that use sulfur as an energy source. >50 species live there, 35 of which are endemic(they only exist there). gesslab.org/movile-cave
The popular Australian band Boy & Bear pays a "poo roadie" $100/week to provide fecal transplants when on tour to treat the lead singers chronic dysbiosis (imbalance of gut bacteria). rollingstone.com/music/mu…
Bacteria from your gut contributes 60% of the dry weight of your poop en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hum…
During the initial stages of decomposition – even before bacteria and grubs set in – dead bodies smell like freshly cut grass. techtimes.com/articles/82…
After having his Rockefeller-commissioned fresco demolished due to its socialist messaging, Diego Riviera later recreated it, this time depicting Rockefeller Jr's head below a dish of syphilis bacteria. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Man…
The movement of plants from water to land was made possible when genes from soil bacteria were transferred to algae through a process called horizontal gene transfer (HGT). Unlike vertical gene transfer, such as the transfer of DNA from parent to child, HGT occurs between different species. phys.org/news/2019-11-gen…
Today I learned about the Wolbachia bacteria, which can only be transmitted by females, so eliminates males by killing them or turning them female, and enables host females to reproduce without males davidson.weizmann.ac.il/e…
The wreck of Titanic's is disappearing at a rate that it's estimated to be completely gone in about 30 years. A microorganism called 'Halomonas titanicae' (also called the 'steel-munching bacteria') is slowly eating away the iron of the ships' wreck, causing its deterioration. scienceabc.com/eyeopeners…
Scientists say that parents shouldn’t discourage their kids from eating boogers based on findings that snot consumption is good for overall health: snot contains a rich reservoir of good bacteria, and eating it can strengthen the body’s immune system & prevent bacteria from sticking to teeth telegraph.co.uk/science/2…
About one-third of the world's population has latent tuberculosis, which means people have been infected by TB bacteria but are not (yet) ill with disease and cannot transmit the disease. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lat…
Mitochondria, the powerhouse of the cell, is not a part of our DNA, but instead is a bacteria that developed a symbiotic relationship with cells some 1.7 to 2 billion years ago. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mit…
A zoonosis (plural zoonoses, or zoonotic diseases) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites that spread from non-human animals (usually vertebrates) to humans. When humans infect other animals, it is called reverse zoonosis or anthroponosis. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoo…
The total weight of bacteria in our bodies is higher than the weight of our brain nih.gov/news-events/news-…
Bathroom hand dryers suck fecal bacteria from the room and sprays it directly on your hands. usatoday.com/story/news/n…
Fugu (pufferfish) isn't inherently poisonous but instead picks up its tetrodotoxin from bacteria. There are now fugu that are grown isolated from these bacteria and are therefore non-poisonous en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fug…
Wool is not antimicrobial: In fact, wool supports more bacteria than cotton, polyester or nylon. However, the odor intensity of bacteria living in wool is lower than bacteria that reside in other textiles. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…
Humming helps your sinuses produce more nitric oxide which is one of the bodies defenses for killing bad bacteria in your sinus passages. atsjournals.org/doi/full/…
While a cow eats basically no fat in its natural diet, bacteria digest the grass such that the cow absorbs 70% of its calories from fats vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks…
Birds don't fart! They have a much higher rate of digestion and don't carry the same kind of bacteria in the gut that produces gas, like humans do. Because they don't have the same gas-forming bacteria, there is nothing to lose. sciencefocus.com/nature/d…
Bacteria will feed on a decaying body underwater and create gas, which causes the body to float to the surface. However, Lake Superior's cold temperatures inhibit bacterial growth and the bodies tend to sink and never resurfaced. cultofweird.com/death/edm…
There is a massive subterranean biosphere estimated to contain life approaching double the volume of all oceans. About 70% of Earth's bacteria and archaea live here. These microbes are often very different from surface cousins, with life cycles on near-geologic timescales. deepcarbon.net/life-deep-…
β€˜Studies have shown that earbuds cause an 11-fold increase in bacteria in the ears’ and β€˜when you share headphones, you’re doubling the microbial flora in your ears and introducing new bacteria’ marieclaire.co.uk/life/he…
The driest place on earth is McMurdo dry Valleys in Antarctica where it hasn't rained for 2 million years. Only anaerobic bacteria are able to survive in the extreme conditions. Scientists also consider the area terrestrially closest to Mars on earth. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McM…
Hospital superbugs are evolving to survive hand sanitizers. Bacteria gathered from two hospitals in Australia between 1997 and 2015 appeared to gradually get better at surviving the alcohol used in hand sanitizers, researchers found. arstechnica.com/science/2…
Mouthwash has been linked to a reduced benefit of exercise. Mouthwash is thought to kill beneficial bacteria which help the body produce nitric oxide. N.O. helps the arteries relax which promotes exercise benefit. Mouthwash is believed to limit this process. cnn.com/2019/09/05/health…
Researchers found that bacteria release large quantities of hydrogen peroxide, weakening the immune system. One of the best known substances with the ability to neutralize hydrogen peroxide and that could hence boost anti-bacterial immunity are vitamins such as vitamin C, found in fruits. medicalxpress.com/news/20…
Blowing out birthday candles increases bacteria on cake by 1,400% more bacteria usatoday.com/story/news/w…
Hippopotamus can defecate so much in the water they're in, that fish start to die because the bacteria in the hippo's feces use up the majority of the oxygen contained in the river. theatlantic.com/science/a…
Cattle get the majority of their protein intake from digesting bacteria. They can also produce over 150 liters of saliva, daily. publish.csiro.au/ebook/ch…
Myxobacteria are social bacteria that move and feed in predatory groups. Able to move individually or in large swarms, their method of predation is traditionally called "wolf-pack attack" ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti…

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