Today I learned about Einstein's "Year of Miracles". In one year he published 3 papers that changed modern physics. The first about the particle theory of light (won him his Nobel Prize), the second led to people accepting the existence of atoms, and the third introduced special relativity (E=mc^2). He was 26. npr.org/2005/03/17/453832โ€ฆ
Democritus (460-370 BCE), the ancient Greek philosopher, asked the question โ€œWhat is matter made of?โ€ and hypothesized that tangible matter is composed of tiny units that can be assembled and disassembled by various combinations. He called these units "atoms". en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demโ€ฆ
, the director of the Soviet atom bomb program, Igor Kurchatov swore he wouldn't cut his beard until the program succeeded. After the program's success, he continued to wear a large beard (often cut into eccentric styles) for the rest of his life, earning him the nickname 'Boroda' (โ€œThe Beardโ€). atomicarchive.com/resourcโ€ฆ
The viking probes to mars may have detected life in Martian soil by mixing it with nutrient water and radioactive carbon atoms measuring the radioactive carbon dioxide or methane released from the soil which varied in output over a 24.66 hour cycle. nationalgeographic.com/neโ€ฆ
A Googolplex is physically impossible to write down as the amount of zeroes in a Googolplex is larger than the estimated number of atoms in the observable universe. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gooโ€ฆ
Over time diamond degrades to graphite as its atoms internally rearrange and relax to a lower energy state. However, at Earth's surface temperature, this process can take millions of years, which makes the phrase "diamonds are forever" a very good approximation to reality on a human time-scale. wtamu.edu/~cbaird/sq/2013โ€ฆ
The worlds smallest playable guitar is 10 microns long (about the size of a red blood cell). It has six strings each about 100 atoms wide and is played by aiming lasers at the strings. Its tone is about 130,000 times higher than a regular guitar supposedly the highest pitch ever recorded. theguardian.com/music/201โ€ฆ
The chemical formula for table salt, NaCl, does not actually describe the chemical formula of a molecule. It is actually the ratio of sodium atoms to chlorine atoms in a sodium chloride crystal. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionโ€ฆ
The sharpest object ever created is a tungsten needle that tapers down to the thickness of a single atom sciencefocus.com/science/โ€ฆ
The guy who figured out the atom bomb was inspired by HG Welles infintely exploding bomb from his science fiction book "The World Set Free" bbc.com/news/magazine-333โ€ฆ
The official measure/definition of a second (time): The duration of 9,192,631,770 โ€˜oscillationsโ€™ of a Caesium 133 atom at rest and at absolute zero temperature astronomy.swin.edu.au/cosโ€ฆ
The comet that killed the dinosaurs 65 million years ago was the equivalent to released as much energy as 100 trillion tons of TNT, more than a billion times more than the atom bombs that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. bbc.com/news/science-enviโ€ฆ
If we lost all the empty space inside our atoms (between nucleus and electrons), we would each be able to fit into a particle of dust, and the entire human race would fit into the volume of a sugar cube. businessinsider.in/sciencโ€ฆ
There is a 4th state of matter known as plasma. It is superheated matter- so hot that the electrons are ripped away from the atoms forming an ionized gas. It comprises over 99% of the visible universe. psfc.mit.edu/vision/what_โ€ฆ
The worldโ€™s smallest playable guitar was made by Cornell University. Placed end-to-end, you can fit 20 of them across the width of human hair. Each string can be plucked but at just 100 atoms wide, they would make no audible sound. news.cornell.edu/stories/โ€ฆ
Stanley Kubrick wanted to use Pink Floyd's Atom Heart Mother suite in A Clockwork Orange. Pink Floyd's bassist Roger Waters refused when he found out Kubrick would edit the music to fit the film. Later, Waters asked Kubrick to use sounds from 2001: A Space Odyssey on a record. Kubrick refused. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Cโ€ฆ
In 1978 Austria has built a โ‚ฌ1.4 billion nuclear reactor, capable of powering 1.8 million households. It was ready to start at a press of a button, but due to negative popular opinion and protests, a referendum was triggered with 50.47% voting against the start-up. It never split a single atom. youtube.com/watch?v=WUVZbโ€ฆ
Japan was planning to use plague as a biological weapon against San Diego, California, during WWII, but the atom bomb attacks on Hiroahima and Nagasaki ended the war five weeks before its scheduled date (Sept 22, 1945). npr.org/2011/04/25/135638โ€ฆ
We can actually see individual atoms using an electron microscope youtube.com/watch?v=yqLlgโ€ฆ
The Roman philosopher Lucretius used the random movement of dust particles in air (later known as Brownian motion) to deduce the existence of the atom in 60 BC en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broโ€ฆ
Many industrially useful high-grade metamorphic rocks, such as quartzite and kyanite, are formed when massive continental plates collide, and the resulting compressional force is so extreme that it crushes them into pieces, causing their atoms to rearrange into new, more compact structures. csmgeo.csm.jmu.edu/geollaโ€ฆ
In 1908 a meteorite hit Russia with hundreds of times more power than an atom bomb, destroying 500,000 acres of forest, knocking ppl over 40 miles away and causing weather events around the globe - but no one was killed and no impact crater was found. history.com/news/6-bizarrโ€ฆ
A second is technically defined to be "9,192,631,770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the cesium-133 atomโ€. discovermagazine.com/the-โ€ฆ
Robert Oppenheimer, father of the atom bomb, famously said "Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds." after witnessing his creations power. That quote is actually from the Hindu Epic Bhagavad-Gita, and Oppenheimer turned to Hinduism after seeing nuclear weapons capabilities years later. wired.co.uk/article/manhaโ€ฆ
Sandstone is made up of loosely packed quartz crystals which, over time, are buried, exposed to high pressure, and glued together by minerals carried by groundwater. The quartz atoms rearrange themselves, and the result is quartzite, a rock with a lower surface area and a more stable structure. usenaturalstone.org/propeโ€ฆ
A Belgian Catholic priest and professor of physics named Georges Lemaรฎtre proposed the "hypothesis of the primeval atom" in 1927, it was published in the December 1932 issue of Popular Science, and then in 1949 astronomer Fred Hoyle coined it the "Big Bang Theory" on a BBC Radio broadcast. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoโ€ฆ
We are all just stardust , every atom of oxygen in our lungs , of carbon in our muscles , of valcium on our bones , of iron in our blood was created inside a star before the earth was born , we all are peace of universe amnh.org/exhibitions/permโ€ฆ
The # of possible moves in the board game Go is 200 & the # of possible board configurations is larger than the # of atoms in the Universe! youtu.be/WXuK6gekU1Y
Without Quantum mechanics, we couldn't understand why the Sun shines. Quantum tunnelling allows the atoms to spontaneously overcome the electromagnetic repulsion between positively charged protons and produce the nuclear fusion, something the heat and pressure at the Sun core can't do at his own en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quaโ€ฆ
If you took out all of the empty space from between and within the atoms making up each human being, the entire human race would fit into the volume of a sugar cube. scienceabc.com/pure-scienโ€ฆ
2010 Nobel prize in physics was awarded to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov for โ€œgroundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material grapheneโ€. As part of their research they managed to obtain a flake of carbon with a thickness of just one atom using regular adhesive tape. nobelprize.org/prizes/phyโ€ฆ
In chess after the first move, 400 board setups exist. After the second pair of turns, there are 197,742 possible ways the match can play out; after 3 moves, 121 mill. Estimated at over 10^120 moves, there are more ways a chess game can play out than there are atoms in the universe. popsci.com/science/articlโ€ฆ
There are more possible Go positions than there are atoms in the universe. norvig.com/atoms.html
NASA calculated that you only need 40 digits of Pi to calculate the circumference of the observable universe, to the accuracy of 1 hydrogen atom jpl.nasa.gov/edu/news/201โ€ฆ
In 2005 physicists at MIT created a new form of matter, a gas of atoms that shows high-temperature superfluidity. news.mit.edu/2005/matter
The red grapefruit comes from a 1950s gov nuclear program called "Atoms for Peace" where they would mutate crops with radioactive material. In these "Gamma Gardens" ones grown close to the radioactive source died, but ones farther away turned red en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atoโ€ฆ
Robert Oppenheimer, "the father of the atom bomb" and the head of the Manhattan Project, once tried to poison his advisor for making him do experimental work instead of theoretical physics. newyorker.com/magazine/20โ€ฆ
Graphene, while only being an atom thick, is 200 times stronger than steel. graphenano.com/en/what-isโ€ฆ
There are more IPv6 addresses than there are atoms on the surface of the Earth. internetsociety.org/deploโ€ฆ
Pink Floyd's Atom Heart Mother has an essentially infinite runtime. The final track Alan's Psychedelic Breakfast ends with the sound of a dripping faucet etched into a run off grove that never resolves and will play until the listener stops the record. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alaโ€ฆ
The sun is made up of plasma where hydrogen accounts for about 73.4% of the total mass or 92% of the total number of atoms. The other basic building block is helium, which accounts for 25% of the mass or 7.8% of the total number of atoms. Every second 6 million tons of hydrogen turns into helium needforscience.com/astronโ€ฆ
We could assign an IPv6 address to every atom on the surface of the Earth edn.com/ipv6-how-many-ip-โ€ฆ
Glass actually neither a liquidโ€”supercooled or otherwiseโ€”nor a solid. It is an amorphous solidโ€”a state somewhere between those two states of matter. Glass atoms move too slowly for changes to be visible. scientificamerican.com/arโ€ฆ
A Belgian priest named Georges Lemaรฎtre was the first to suggest the big bang theory as the origin of creation in the 1920s, when he theorized that the universe began from a single primordial atom. amnh.org/learn-teach/currโ€ฆ
Today I Learned that there are more possible orders of a deck of cards than there are atoms on Earth. Because of this, 99.7% of the time you shuffle a deck of cards, that is the first time in history that specific order of cards has happened. ed.ted.com/lessons/how-maโ€ฆ
Enrico Fermi estimated the energy released by first atom bomb (Trinity test at Manhattan Project) by dropping small pieces of paper before, during, and after the passage of the blast wave and measuring their displacement. His estimate of 10 kilotons was pretty close to actual value of 21. dannen.com/decision/fermiโ€ฆ
In 1980 Glenn Seaborg turned several thousand atoms of bismuth into gold by removing protons and neutrons from the bismuth at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gleโ€ฆ
Austrian and Chinese scientists have succeeded in teleporting three-dimensional quantum states for the first time. In future work, the quantum physicists will focus on how to extend the newly gained knowledge to enable teleportation of the entire quantum state of a single photon or atom. phys.org/news/2019-08-comโ€ฆ
If you were to remove all the empty space in the atoms that make up all human beings on Earth, you could fit 6 billion people into a single apple. news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/scienโ€ฆ
Scientists developed a plan to boost Egypt's hydroelectric capacity by using 200+ atom bombs to carve a canal between the Qattara Depression and the Mediterranean to create a vast inland sea. The proposal was rejected cntraveler.com/story/why-โ€ฆ

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