Today I learned about Mary the Jewess, one of the first alchemical writers, living between the first and third centuries AD. She is credited with the invention of several kinds of chemical apparatus and is considered to be the first true alchemist of the Western world. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mar…
Beethoven loved his coffee so much that he had his own recipe. It consisted of 60 beans. Not 59, not 61, but precisely 60. He would drop them into a cup separately and sometimes do a second recount. He also had a special apparatus for preparing it. greenfarmcoffee.shop/blog…
In 1962 an experiment, based on simple scintillation apparatus, quantitatively demonstrated the "twin paradox" predicted by the Special Theory of Relativity youtu.be/tbsdrHlLfVQ?t=24
In the 1930's, Helene Adelaide Shelby invented an apparatus for obtaining criminal confessions, which consisted of putting the criminal in a dark chamber, and confronting them with a human skeleton with glowing red eyes, which contained a camera and microphone atlasobscura.com/articles…
In 1969 students at the University of Michigan Medical School ran a study to see if Monkeys would begin to self administer drugs via a needle apparatus after being exposed to them. Caffeine, cocaine, and mescaline were just a few of the drugs tested. deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bi…
Today I learned of James Tilly Matthews, an 18th-century peace activist who fell under the delusion that his thoughts were being remotely controlled by an apparatus he called the β€œAir Loom”. His case is considered to be an early example of paranoid schizophrenia. publicdomainreview.org/es…
Inventor Lewis Latimer, not only made Thomas Edison's Light Bulb more efficient & practical, he invented an Apparatus for Cooling & Disinfecting, making rooms more sanitary & climate-controlled. He also improved the design of elevators & co-invented (1874) a toilet for train cars. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lew…
Today I learned of U.S. Patent 3216423: Apparatus for facilitating the birth of a child by centrifugal force, which was intended to facilitate labour by spinning a pregnant mother. The designers believed that "civilised women... often do not have the opportunity to develop the muscles needed in confinement." longstreet.typepad.com/th…
In 1965, a patent was filed for a "birthing apparatus" which would spin pregnant women around at as much as 7G until their baby was flung out from the centrifugal force. freepatentsonline.com/321…
Meteorologists rely in part on data from commercial planes to accurately forecast weather. Under European regulations, all large aircraft must carry Mode-S EHS an enhanced surveillance navigation apparatus. Data collected by this apparatus is used to extrapolate wind speed and temperature. met.ie/what-are-mode-s-da…
A Pantograph is the accordion-like apparatus on top of a train that draws current from the overhead wires. Its called that due to its resemblance to the other Pantograph, linked sticks which produce a duplicate copy of handwriting and artwork. The word itself means "All writing/drawing." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan…
The Shift key is called that because it used to physically shift the entire typing apparatus in typewriters in order to access the capital letter on each typebar wikipedia.org/wiki/Caps_l…
The ATLAS Experiment, a particle accelerator experiment instrumental in the discovery of the Higgs Boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in 2012, also has a historically terrible acronym: ATLAS stands for "A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATL…
Four-legged herbivores such as cows and horses have "stay apparatus" in their legs -- tendons and ligaments that allow them to remain standing with minimal muscular effort. However, while this allows them to doze while standing, they can enter REM sleep and dream only while lying down. news.nationalgeographic.c…
A mosquito's bloodsucking apparatus consists of six needle-like structures. Two that saw through the skin, two hold the tissue apart, one seeks out and suck blood and one excrete a blood thinning substance. youtube.com/watch?v=rD8Sm…
When the Swedish secret police tried to quietly pressure an ISP to install its spying apparatus, the ISP secretly recorded the conversation and released it to the media instead of complying. falkvinge.net/2015/03/03/…
Scuba is an acronym to self-contained underwater breathing apparatus en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scu…
It was recommended for chemists to smoke while making cyanide, because cyanide leaks from the fume hood or apparatus would impart a characteristic flavor to the smoke. orgsyn.org/demo.aspx?prep…
Horses sleep standing up by using a stay apparatus, which is an adaptation of the musculoskeletal system that enables them to lock their limbs in place. They do lie down occasionally though as sleeping standing up only allows for light sleep. onekindplanet.org/top-10/…
β€œthe deepest man on earth” can dive to depths of up to 831 ft. without a breathing apparatus. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Her…
Cats can survive falls from up to 32 stories high because their bodies can act as built-in parachutes (also, a vestibular apparatus in their inner ear and a flexible skeletal structure) mentalfloss.com/article/2…
Dalmatians got the role of fire-fighting apparatus escorts and firehouse mascots. Since Dalmatians and horses are very compatible, the dogs were easily trained to run in front of the carriages to help clear a path and quickly guide the horses and firefighters to the fires. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dal…
Monkeys reared with a "terry cloth mother", a wire feeding apparatus wrapped in softer terry cloth which provides a level of tactile stimulation and comfort, are considerably more emotionally stable as adults than those with a mere wire mother. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hap…
Horses have a locking mechanism in their legs called the β€œstay apparatus,” which allows them to sleep standing up without having their limbs buckle slate.com/articles/health…
Today I learned of coffins that allow you to call for help if you were ever buried alive called "safety coffins". They contain an emergency alarm, intercom system, a torch (flashlight), breathing apparatus, and both a heart monitor and stimulator. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saf…
In 1797-1798, Henry Cavendish calculated the mass of the earth using an apparatus that measured the gravitational attraction between two pairs of lead spheres in an enclosed room. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cav…
In April 1963, 111 divers took part in the World Octopus Wrestling Championships. The sports popularity was also covered by time magazine, with divers often going without artificial breathing apparatus and wrestling the Octopus in shallow waters and trying to drag them to the surface. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oct…
Using a ESDA (electrostatic detection apparatus) you can lift indented writing on paper in forensics lgcgroup.com/services/dig…
Scuba and Radar are both acronyms. the former standing for "Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus" and the latter standing for "RAdio Detection And Ranging" en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acr…
Material and materiel are both correct spellings, with the latter specifying the equipment, apparatus, and supplies of a military force grammarist.com/usage/mate…
The "Snozzle" is a Firefighting apparatus. It is designed to pierce the fuselage of an aircraft to fight a fire in the cabin. firefighternation.com/art…
In 1965 someone invented and patented an "apparatus for facilitating the birth of a child by centrifugal force." thingamababy.com/baby/200…
On July 31, 1790, Samuel Hopkins was the recipient of the first ever US patent for his invention that helped improve "the making of Pot ash and Pearl ash by a new Apparatus and Process." en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam…
In the mid-19th century, french physicist Leon Foucault made the most accurate measurement to-date of the speed of light using a laboratory-sized apparatus consisting of mirrors and a candle. pas.rochester.edu/~pavone…
The underwater breathing apparatus from Pokemon may soon be a reality noosphereventures.com/new…
More people walked on the moon than have dived below a depth of 240 metres (800 ft) on self-contained underwater breathing apparatus en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dav…
Photography of Google Street View is not only captured by Google Street View car, but also trekker, tricycle, walking, underwater apparatus and even camel. en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/G…
It would take a 330 quadrillion light year long apparatus to perform the double-slit experiment with kittens askamathematician.com/201…
The record for deepest free dive (without scuba gear or external breathing apparatus) is 273m, and belongs to Croatian free diver Goran Colak en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gor…
Today I learned of United States Patent: 3,951,134 ["Apparatus and method for remotely monitoring and altering brain waves"] patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/n…
In 1972, a fireman in Glasgow called Adrian McGill sacrificed his own life by giving a trapped resident his breathing apparatus. Unfortunately, while the resident did make it out, they also later died in hospital firescotland.gov.uk/the-f…
In 2009, President of the Maldives, Mr Mohamed Nasheed, held his first cabinet meeting underwater with scuba apparatus in an effort to raise global awareness for climate change en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moh…
A glossary is a collection of glosses, and that a collection of medieval legal glosses, made by so called glossators, is called an apparatus.

Found on Wikipedia while verifying my use of the word "gloss" in my research project.


Text:

A gloss is a brief notation of the meaning of a word in a text. It may be in the language of the text, or in the reader's language if that is different.

A gloss was originally a note made in the margin or between the lines of a text in a classical language, in which the meaning of a word or passage is explained. As such, glosses can vary in thoroughness and complexity, from simple marginal notations of words one reader found difficult or obscure, to entire interlinear translations of the text with cross references to similar passages.

A collection of glosses is a glossary. A collection of medieval legal glosses, made by so called glossators, is called an apparatus. The compilation of glosses into glossaries was the beginning of lexicography, and the glossaries so compiled were in fact the first dictionaries. In modern times a glossary, as opposed to a dictionary, is typically found in a text as an appendix of specialized terms that the typical reader may find unfamiliar.


Link - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gloss

The inventor of Bread Clip never won a patent, instead he did win patent for "bag closing apparatus" that made the clip. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bre…
Charlie Sheen has Patented a unique lip balm dispensing apparatus info.articleonepartners.c…
The male argonaut can only watch his sexual encounter as his disembodied apparatus makes its way solo and carries out the sex act for him. star-gazypie.blogspot.ca/…

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