8% of modern Spanish words are Arabic in origin, entering Spanish usage during Muslim rule in the southern Iberian peninsula in 711-1492 AD. These loan words often begin with with "a-" or "al" (e.g., almuerzo, aceite, arroz, azul) because these sounds mark a definitive noun in Arabic. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ara…
AT&T in 1993 released an ad campaign which predicted online e-book sales, satellite navigation, email, video calling, ticket booking services to a very high accuracy youtube.com/watch?v=4PJcA…
We have words for meat (e.g. beef; veal; mutton; pork; venison; poultry) but also the animal (e.g. cow; calf; sheep, etc) because the meat was mostly consumed by French speaking Norman nobility (conquered England 1066 AD) whereas the commoners who raised the livestock used the original words. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lis…
Adding 10,000 years to the AD year count (i.e. 12014 for this year) gives us the Holocene Calender. It is an estimate of the number of years since the Neolithic Revolution, which is considered to have been the birth of civilization. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hol…
After Atari spent millions to license the movie E.T., Mattel hired Henry Thomas, star of E.T. to appear in Intellivision commercials. Atari threatened to sue Mattel if Thomas was identified in the commercials, explaining the coy reference at the end of the ad. youtube.com/watch?v=KsmIm…
Brazil tried to sell their old aircraft carrier on eBay for 7 million USD in 2003, bidding reached 4 million but the ad was removed by eBay, and it was eventually sold for scrap. lesaviezvous.net/society/…
Pr students study the 1994 Jack in the Box ad campaign. After the poisoning deaths 4 children from e.coli the restaurant aired ads where "a big headed clown in a business suit" walks into the headquarters of Jack in the Box and combats the establishment's leadership... thisamericanlife.org/radi…
Before English monarchs used regnal numbers (e.g William I) they were first and foremost identified by their nicknames (e.g Wlliam the Conqueror) until 1066 AD en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lis…
M&M's were originally asked to be included in E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial. After Mars (The company that makes M&M's) refused, their competitor Hershey was asked, and Reese's Pieces were added to the movie instead, resulting in Reese's Pieces sales going up as much as 300% en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%2…
Marvin Gaye’s real last name was β€œGay”. His father was a crossdresser, making Marvin a target of bullying. It was because of this, added with rumors of Marvin's own homosexuality, that Marvin added an "e" to his last name when he became famous. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dea…
There's a tree of Italian pasta dishes with Cacio E Pepe at the very top, and each branch below changing by adding only one ingredient. youtube.com/watch?v=Ng7GW…
Many words used to be spelled phonetically (e.g. debt was 'det') until some scholars purposely added silent letters to make them look more like Greek or Latin words, sometimes erroneously. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eng…
Before becoming the face of MAD Magazine in 1956, the likeness of Alfred E Neumann kept popping up in ads dating back to 1894. He has advertised mince meat plum pudding, β€œpainless dentistry” and made fun of the Roosevelt re-election campaign. He even said β€œWhat, me worry?” long before MAD. smithsonianmag.com/smart-…
Former N.W.A. manager Jerry Heller said he shouldn't have talked Eazy-E out of killing Suge Knight, adding, "I should have let him kill him. I would have done the world a favor." theurbandaily.com/2015/04…
Today I learned about the creepiness effect: A feeling you get, when online ads are to personal or even intimate. To avoid a bad experience for the user, they try to reduce the creepiness factor by adding some unfitting ads (with a wrong location e.g..). phys.org/news/2015-04-cre…
After starting his recording career in Motown, Marvin changed his name from Marvin Gay to Marvin Gaye adding the 'e' to separate himself from his father, end all gossip concerning his sexuality, and also in admiration of his idol, Sam Cooke, who also added an 'e' to his last name. cs.mcgill.ca/~rwest/wikis…
Atari co-founder Nolan Bushnell bought an idea called Pizza Time Theatre from Warner Communications in 1977 as a way to distribute Atari’s arcade games. Bushnell kept the original name and added his ownβ€”Chuck E. Cheese’s. brobible.com/success/arti…
The ghost town of Albert, TX, with a population of 7, was purchased in 2004 for $216,000. Some renovations were done like adding a tavern, and three years later the town was auctioned off and sold on eBay with a $2,500,000 reserve price. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alb…
The adding an 'e' to loath changes the definition from "not wanting to do something" to "hating something" merriam-webster.com/dicti…
Marvin Gaye Added an 'E' to His Last Name Because He Was Ashamed of His Effeminate, Cross-dressing Father trutv.com/library/crime/n…
Airport codes ending in "X" (i.e. LAX, PDX, PHX, etc.) are due to the fact they use to consist of 2-digits, and when they went to 3-digits they simply added the "X." abcnews.go.com/Travel/his…
The 30 second ad on television was created after tobacco companies could no longer advertise (1971), that the 15 second ad was inspired by MTV (1984), and that the "unskippable" 5 second ad was created by Geico after research showed 94 percent of YouTube viewers skipped prerolled ads (2015) cbc.ca/radio/undertheinfl…
American cigarette brands add sugar in cigarettes to increase the appeal and addictive potential of smoking, which also ends up increasing toxicity and cancer risk. cebp.aacrjournals.org/con…
Weather patterns and events like earthquake can change Earth's rotation speed. E. g. 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake is thought to have shortened the day by 2.68 microseconds. To compensate for such changes a leap second is occasionally added or subtracted from Coordinated Universal Time. scientificamerican.com/ar…
Many Christmas traditions are based on Norse mythology

(My words are in parentheses. Below is a wiki excerpt on β€˜Yule Tide”)

Yule or Yule-tide is a winter festival that was initially celebrated by the historical Germanic peoples as a pagan religious festival, though it was later absorbed into, and equated with, the Christian festival of Christmas. The festival was originally celebrated from late December to early January on a date determined by the lunar Germanic calendar. The festival was placed on December 25 when the Christian calendar (Julian calendar) was adopted. Some historians claim that the celebration is connected to the Wild Hunt[1] [2] or was influenced by Saturnalia, the Roman winter festival[3].

(Wait, what is this β€˜Wild Hunt’?)

The Norse god Odin in his many forms, astride his eight-legged steed Sleipnir, came to be associated with the Wild Hunt in Scandinavia because of his aspect of berserking. Odin acquired the aspect of the Wild Huntsman, along with Frigg. The passage of this hunt was also referred to as Odin's Hunt. People who saw the passing hunt and mocked it were cursed and would mysteriously vanish along with the host; those that joined in sincerity were rewarded with gold (H. A. Guerber, 1922). In the wake of the passing storm (which the Hunt was often identified with), a black dog would be found upon a neighboring hearth. To remove it, it would need to be exorcised similar to the custom for removing changelings. However, if it could not be removed by trickery, it must be kept for a whole year and carefully tended. According to H. A. Guerber: "The object of this phantom hunt varied greatly, and was either [that of] a visionary boar or wild horse, white-breasted maidens who were caught and borne away bound only once in seven years, or the wood nymphs, called Moss Maidens, who were thought to represent the autumn leaves torn from the trees and whirled away by the wintry gale." Whatever the case, the Hunt was most often seen in the autumn and winter, when the winds blew the fiercest. Otto HΓΆfler (1934) and other authors of his generation emphasized the identification of the hunter with Odin, looking for the traces of an ecstatic Odin cult in more recent customs from German-speaking areas. In view of this, John Lindow of the University of California, Berkeley (Lindahl et al. 2002:433) notes that more recent scholarship "would argue a basis in an Indo-European warrior cult in which young warriors imbued with the life force fight with the characteristics of animals, espec

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How to remove advertisements and sponsors from Facebook.

Open a text editor (Text Edit on Mac or Notepad on PC), select plain text and type the following lines of code:

> #home_sponsor_nile {display:none !important;}

> #pagelet_netego_ads {display:none !important;}

Save the file as "adfree-facebook.css". You have now created a user agent stylesheet for your browser.

You now want to go to your browser preferences. e.g In Safari go to Safari > Preferences > Advanced > Stylesheet and select the stylesheet (adfree-facebook.css) you have created. In Firefox you can use the Firebug plug-in. I don't know about IE (because it's shit).

Before and After: http://imgur.com/mTDEp

Huzzah! Ad Free Facebook.

Edit: Download the CSS file here

Someone bought a locked safe on ebay, when it was unlocked it had $26,000 inside!

eBay seller jameslabrecque (aka James Labrecque) recently sold this locked floor safe on eBay believing it was empty. But it was not. The buyer opened it and found over $26,000. Now James is wishing his legs were limber enough to kick himself in the nuts.

eBay ad below:

WHAT YOU SEE IS WHAT YOU GET. NOTHING MORE AND NOTHING LESS.

HERE IS A MAJOR FLOOR OR IN GROUND SAFE. IT LOOKS LIKE TO BE A 7" DOOR MEASURED ACROSS. IT IS A COMBINATION LOCK UNIT... I DID NOT GET THE COMBINATION FOR THE UNIT .SO YOU WILL HAVE TO CONTACT THE MAJOR SAFE COMPANY TO GET THE COMBINATION OR FIND SOMEONE THAT CAN OPEN THE UNIT UP./

RETURNS: THERE ARE NO RETURNS. ALL MERCHANDISE SOLD AS IS. PLEASE DO NOT ASK US TO REFUND YOUR MONEY.

AHAHAHAHHAHAHAHAH @ "please do not ask us to refund your money". Because you know what James did? He contacted the buyer after the story came out and asked for half of what was inside! Unsurprisingly, the buyer decided to not share. "HA -- you must be out of your f***ing mind" I imagine they said before running out and buying 6 Jet Ski’s!!!!

Link below;

http://www.ebay.com/itm/120852095560

How to highlight a PDF and create a list of notes

So, like many of us who study, I enjoy the concept of highlighting. It allows you to read steadily, without writing down notes every few minutes. Then, you can go back later, and study specifics, rather than re-read the entire text multiple times. I am also now very fond of using e-books to do my studying, because some of the texts are gargantuan in size and weight.

However, the PDF software I use (haven't bothered to upgrade yet) Acrobat 7, didn't seem to have very functional highlighting, at least at first. After opening the PDF file, I began to highlight important information while I worked my way through a chapter. At the end, I wanted to summarize the highlighting.

  • In order to do that, you would click the Comments menu, and then click "Show Comment List". This allowed me to see all the highlights I made.

I nearly lost it when I found out they were all completely empty save for a timestamp.

So, in order to fix this, I found an option that basically copies the highlighted text to the comment pop-up. Then, if you print a comment summary of "Comments Only", you are given a nice set of pages with all your highlighted notes.

  • The option in Acrobat 7 is near the bottom in Edit> Preferences > Commenting. It is a checkbox called, "Copy selected text into Highlight, Cross-Out, and Underline comment pop-ups".

  • With it selected, anything you select with the highlight tool, will be copied to the comment pop-up generated as a result....But the nightmare still wasn't over.

  • Apparently , the summarizing does not allow you to have a single page list of comments. It prints a page, for each page of comments, lead to tons of useless white-space.

The option was available as recently as Adobe Acrobat 4, but it is no longer so in Acrobat 7.

  • To get around this, I used Fox-It reader(the free version is my predominant reader of choice), which has an option for summarizing comments as well. Fox-it will pick up all the highlighting you've done, and the comments that were saved containing the highlighted text. It will then print out a nice summary, in a single page flowing document, of all those highlights. Also, when summarizing comments, I found it best to sort by page number, so the comments have a logical grouped order.

Anyway, I was laboring over all of this for some time, and figured I'd share it. I think it's a great way to create a list of notes during your studies, and print it out, without having to re-type everything.

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Circumcision became popular as cure for "masturbatory insanity"

Non-religious circumcision in English-speaking countries arose in a climate of negative attitudes towards sex, especially concerning masturbation. In her 1978 article The Ritual of Circumcision,[40] Karen Erickson Paige writes: "In the United States, the current medical rationale for circumcision developed after the operation was in wide practice. The original reason for the surgical removal of the foreskin, or prepuce, was to control 'masturbatory insanity' – the range of mental disorders that people believed were caused by the 'polluting' practice of 'self-abuse.'"

"Self-abuse" was a term commonly used to describe masturbation in the 19th century. According to Paige, "treatments ranged from diet, moral exhortations, hydrotherapy, and marriage, to such drastic measures as surgery, physical restraints, frights, and punishment. Some doctors recommended covering the penis with plaster of Paris, leather, or rubber; cauterization; making boys wear chastity belts or spiked rings; and in extreme cases, castration." Paige details how circumcision became popular as a masturbation remedy:

"In the 1890s, it became a popular technique to prevent, or cure, masturbatory insanity. In 1891 the president of the Royal College of Surgeons of England published On Circumcision as Preventive of Masturbation, and two years later another British doctor wrote Circumcision: Its Advantages and How to Perform It, which listed the reasons for removing the 'vestigial' prepuce. Evidently the foreskin could cause 'nocturnal incontinence,' hysteria, epilepsy, and irritation that might 'give rise to erotic stimulation and, consequently, masturbation.' Another physician, P.C. Remondino, added that 'circumcision is like a substantial and well-secured life annuity...it insures better health, greater capacity for labor, longer life, less nervousness, sickness, loss of time, and less doctor bills.' No wonder it became a popular remedy."[40]

At the same time circumcisions were advocated on men, clitoridectomies (removal of the clitoris) were also performed for the same reason (to treat female masturbators). The US "Orificial Surgery Society" for female "circumcision" operated until 1925, and clitoridectomies and infibulations would continue to be advocated by some through the 1930s. As late as 1936, L. E. Holt, an author of pediatric textbooks, advocated male and female circumcision as a treatment for masturbation.[40]

One of the leading advocates of circumcision was John Harvey Kellogg. He

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From 1877 to 1945, the Seal of the President of the United States featured the eagle with its head turned to its left, toward the talon holding the arrows. It wasn't until 1945, that President Truman had it changed so that the eagle faced its right, toward the talon holding the olive branch.

I wish more presidents knew this.

1945 aka "Modern Seal" and 1877 seal.

The Seal of the President of the United States is based upon The Great Seal of the United States.

>The early history of the president's seal remains obscure, as there is essentially no record on early usage, nor when its use started. It appears that the primary use was to seal the envelopes on correspondence from the President to Congress, and the envelopes were presumably discarded even if the correspondence was kept, so there is little record remaining. The first documented seal was in 1850 (which almost certainly was not the first one), and the design used on today's seal had its origins in a coat of arms used on invitations by President Hayes in 1877.

>The current seal is defined in Executive Order 10860, made by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on February 5, 1960, and effective since July 4, 1960. It states:[2] The Coat of Arms of the President of the United States shall be of the following design: SHIELD: Paleways of thirteen pieces argent and gules, a chief azure; upon the breast of an American eagle displayed holding in his dexter talon an olive branch and in his sinister a bundle of thirteen arrows all proper, and in his beak a white scroll inscribed "E PLURIBUS UNUM" sable. CREST: Behind and above the eagle a radiating glory Or, on which appears an arc of thirteen cloud puffs proper, and a constellation of thirteen mullets argent. The whole surrounded by white stars arranged in the form of an annulet with one point of each star outward on the imaginary radiating center lines, the number of stars conforming to the number of stars in the union of the Flag of the United States as established by chapter 1 of title 4 of the United States Code. The Seal of the President of the United States shall consist of the Coat of Arms encircled by the words "Seal of the President of the United States."

1840s version of the seal

1850 version >The documented history begins in 1850, when a seal was made after a crude drawing submitted by President Fi

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